SS Conte Rosso
SS Conte Rosso
|Name:||SS Conte Rosso|
|Namesake:||Amadeus VII, Count of Savoy|
|Owner:||Lloyd Sabaudo Line / Italian Line|
|Builder:||William Beardmore and Company, Glasgow, Scotland|
|Maiden voyage:||17 May 1922|
|Fate:||Torpedoed and sunk, 24 May 1941|
|Tonnage:||18,500 gross register tons (GRT)|
|Length:||180 m (590 ft 7 in)|
|Beam:||22.5 m (73 ft 10 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 oil or coal-fired steam turbines, 18,500 hp (13,795 kW)|
|Speed:||21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph)|
Named after Amadeus VII, Count of Savoy, the so-called "Red Count", Conte Rosso was noted for her lavish Italian interior decoration. Because much of its sailing would be in warmer waters, the designers included an outdoor dining area, unusual for ships of this era. Her sister ship was SS Conte Verde.
The ocean liner was built in the Glasgow yards of William Beardmore and Company for the Italian Lloyd Sabaudo Line and entered service in 1922 carrying passengers between Italy and New York City. She was the first new transatlantic liner built after World War I and the largest Italian liner to date.
In 1928, she was replaced on the New York route by the newer SS Conte Grande and began service between Italy and South America. She was acquired by the Italian Line in 1932 when it took over the Lloyd Sabaudo Line. In 1932, she began serving the Trieste–Bombay–Shanghai route, and thus became one of the major escape routes for the Jewish population of Germany and Austria as Shanghai was one of the few places that did not require paid emigration visas. She also served briefly as an Italian troopship during the Second Italo-Ethiopian War in the 1930s.
On 31 January 1925, 19-year-old Antonietta Gigliobianco mysteriously fell overboard from the Conte Rosso to her death, orphaning her two-year-old son Ernesto. After he was turned over to the ship's chaplain, a media outcry in New York City ensued, which reunited the boy with his father Leonardo Gigliobianco.
During World War II, she was used as a troop ship by the Italian Government until 24 May 1941, when she was torpedoed and sunk by HMS Upholder. The sinking occurred 16 km (9.9 mi) off the coast of Sicily while in convoy from Naples to Tripoli. Of the 2,729 soldiers and crew aboard, 1,300 were killed.
- To, Telephone (1941-05-31). "Conte Rosso Sunk in Transport Duty". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-11-11.
- "Italy's Newest Liner a Model of Luxury" (PDF). The New York Times. 1922-02-19. Retrieved 2007-11-11.
- "Luxury in Italian Ship" (PDF). The New York Times. 1922-02-15. Retrieved 2007-11-11.
- "New Italian Liner Here on First Trip" (PDF). The New York Times. 1922-05-27. Retrieved 2007-11-08.
- "In Memoria Del Piroscafo "Conte Rosso"". Notiziario della Marina (in Italian). XXXI (7). July 1984. Retrieved 2007-11-11.
- "New Italian Liner to be Here Feb. 24" (PDF). The New York Times. 12 January 1922. Retrieved 2007-11-11.
- "New Italian Liner here on First Trip" (PDF). The New York Times. 1922-05-27. Retrieved 2007-11-08.
- Allaway, Jim (2004-04-01). "Chapter 17: The Sinking of the Conte Rosso". Hero of the Upholder. Penzance, Cornwall: Periscope Publishing Ltd. pp. 103–107. ISBN 978-1-904381-23-5.
- "Report Americans Shun Second Class". The New York Times. 1932-06-15. Retrieved 2007-11-11.
- "Lloyd Sabaudo". The ShipsList. Retrieved 2007-11-11.
- Cortesi, Arnaldo (1936-01-08). "Crack Alpine Unit Rushed To Africa". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-11-11.