A broadside image of the SS Dakota
|Operator:||Great Northern Steamship Company|
|Builder:||Eastern Shipbuilding Company|
|Launched:||7 February 1904|
|Christened:||6 February 1904|
|Maiden voyage:||20 September 1905|
|Fate:||Sank off Yokohama on 3 March 1907|
|Displacement:||33,000 tons at load|
|Beam:||73 ft (22 m) molded|
|Draft:||73 ft (22 m)|
|Speed:||14.6 knots (27.0 km/h)|
SS Dakota and her sister ship, SS Minnesota, were described as the largest ships ever built in America. Dakota was built "to give impetus to the trade with the Orient", trading with Japan and Hong Kong and travelling the Pacific route. Launched on 7 February 1904, she was a twin screw vessel with four masts and one funnel, capable of 14.6 knots.
She was wrecked when she struck a reef off Yokohama, Japan, on 3 March 1907 on her seventh journey. The ship was close enough to shore to avoid any deaths and the passengers and cargo were evacuated before she sank. The passengers returned to the United States aboard the Japanese steamship Hakuai. Eighty bags of mail later washed ashore. Unlike the Titanic in 1912, Dakota sank during daylight, and within sight of land, hence several positions of the sinking were recorded with still cameras.
After the ship was lost, Hill vowed not to make any more ships under the American flag, noting the high cost of maintaining a ship in America compared to Japan due to restrictions he regarded as "onerous". Hill did eventually build more ships such as the SS Great Northern and the SS Northern Pacific.
The Dakota's main engines consisted of two units of three vertically positioned triple expansion cylinders. The cylinders had a stroke of 57 inches and diameters of 29, 51, and 89 inches and were designed to run at 78 RPM, developing approximately 4,800 horsepower each at a steam pressure of 230 pounds per square inch. The engines were designed to drive the ship at 14 knots.
- Marine Engineering (1904). "Steamship Dakota". Marine Engineering. New York: Marine Engineering Incorporated. 9 (March 1904): 121. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "Dakota Datebook. 3 March 2006. "The Liner Dakota"". North Dakota Public Radio. Prairie Public Broadcasting in association with North Dakota State University and the University of North Dakota. 2006-03-06. Archived from the original on 2008-03-18. Retrieved 2008-04-07.
- Strom, Claire (2003). Profiting from the plains: the Great Northern Railway and corporate development of the American West. Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 89. ISBN 0-295-98348-5.
- "Mystic Seaport Steamships. Mystic Seaport Steamship Images Collection". Archived from the original on 17 February 2008.
- McKenna, Robert W. (2003). The Dictionary of Nautical Literacy. Camden, ME: International Marine Publishing. p. 92. ISBN 0-07-141950-0.
- "Dakota's Passengers Land". New York Times. 1907-03-06. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
- "Dakota 1907". Bath Postal Museum.
- "Hill won't build any more liners". New York Times. 1907-03-08. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
- "The "Dakota" for Pacific Trade a Monster". Popular Mechanics. Hearst Magazines. 7 (6): 626. June 1905. ISSN 0032-4558.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to SS Dakota.|
- Photograph of the SS Dakota in dock
- SS Dakota photos at dock and on deck:..#1,..#2, ..#3,..#4
- Dakota sinking by the bow (*note all lifeboats have been successfully launched on the starboard side.)
- stern view of Dakota sinking, March 3 1907
- Several position views of the SS Dakota wreck: #1 view from starboard bow, ..#2 bow view from lifeboat,..#3 stern view from lifeboat
- SS Dakota's bow awash as she founders