SS Empire Antelope

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History
Name:
  • Ophis (1919-28)
  • Bangu (1928-41)
  • Empire Antelope (1941-42)
Owner:
  • United States Shipping Board (1919-37)
  • United States Maritime Corporation (1937-41)
  • Ministry of War Transport (1941-42)
Operator:
  • Owner operated except:-
  • Moss Hutchinson Line Ltd (1941-42)
Port of registry:
  • United States Tacoma (1919-37)
  • United States New York (1937-41)
  • United Kingdom London (1941-42)
Builder: Todd Dockyard and Construction Corporation, Tacoma
Yard number: 9
Launched: 30 July 1919
Completed: 5 August 1919
In service: 30 September 1919
Identification:
  • US official Number 219009 (1919-41)
  • Code letters LTDP (1919-41)
  • ICS Lima.svgICS Tango.svgICS Delta.svgICS Papa.svg
  • UK Official Number 168205 (1941-42)
  • Code letters BCGT (1941-42)
  • ICS Bravo.svgICS Charlie.svgICS Golf.svgICS Tango.svg
Fate: Sunk 2 November 1942
General characteristics
Tonnage: 4,782 GRT
Length: 380 ft 5 in (115.95 m)
Beam: 53 ft 1 in (16.18 m)
Depth: 27 ft (8.23 m)
Propulsion: 1 x triple expansion steam engine (Todd Dry Dock & Construction Co, Tacoma) 339 hp (253 kW)
Speed: 10 knots (19 km/h)
Complement: 42 crew (plus 8 DEMS gunners)
SS Empire Antelope is located in North America
SS Empire Antelope
Location of the sinking of Empire Antelope

Empire Antelope was a 4,782 ton cargo ship which was built as Ophis in 1919. She was renamed Bangu in 1928. In 1941 she was renamed Empire Antelope. She was sunk by the German submarine U-402 on 2 November 1942.

History[edit]

Ophis was built by Todd Dry Dock and Construction Corporation, Tacoma as yard number 9. She was allocated United States Shipping Board hull number 2630.[1] She was launched on 30 July 1919 and completed on 5 August 1919.[2] Delivery was on 30 September 1919.[1] Ophis was powered by a triple expansion steam engine and could make 10 knots.[2]

She was owned by the United States Shipping Board.[3] In March 1920, Maritime Salvors Ltd, London reported that they had been involved in the salvage of Ophis.[4] On 29 November 1920, Ophis came to the rescue of the Norwegian 3-masted barque Hebe, which had been dismasted off the Azores, Portugal. Hebe was towed in to Fayal.[5] In 1928, she was renamed Bangu[3] On 26 January 1931, she lost her propeller 200 nautical miles (370 km) south of Bahía Blanca, Argentina.[6] She was passed to the United States Maritime Commission in 1937,[3] and laid up as part of the reserve fleet.[7] In 1941, Bangu passed to the Ministry of War Transport and was renamed Empire Antelope.[3]

War Service[edit]

Empire Antelope was a member of a number of convoys during World War II.

ON37

Convoy ON 37 sailed from Liverpool on 15 November 1941 and dispersed during the night of November 23/34. Empire Antelope sailed from Aultbea.[8]

SC 77

Convoy SC 77 departed Halifax, Nova Scotia on 30 March 1942 and arrived at Liverpool on 16 April. Empire Antelope was carrying a cargo of steel and other general cargo, destined for Garston.[9]

SC 94

Convoy SC 94 departed Sydney, Nova Scotia on 31 July 1942.[10] Five ships from the convoy were torpedoed by simultaneous attacks of U-176 and U-379 at 13:25Z on 8 August. Detonations of the five sinking ships caused hasty abandonment of three additional ships (including Empire Antelope) whose crews believed they had been torpedoed.[11] Empire Antelope's crewmen reboarded their slightly damaged ship and arrived at Liverpool on 13 August.[10]

SC 107

Empire Antelope departed New York City on 24 October 1942 with 5,560 tons of general cargo as a member of Convoy SC 107.[10] At 08:04 hrs (CET)[12] on 2 November 1942, the German submarine U-402, captained by Baron Siegfried von Forstner, fired torpedoed and sank Empire Antelope at 52°26′N 45°22′W / 52.433°N 45.367°W / 52.433; -45.367. All fifty crew members were saved by the convoy rescue ship SS Stockport and landed at Reykjavík, Iceland, on 8 November 1942.[7]

Official number and code letters[edit]

Official Numbers were a forerunner to IMO Numbers.

Bangu used the US Official Number 219009 and the Code Letters LTDP.[13] Empire Antelope used the UK Official Number 168205 and the Code Letters BCGT.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Todd Pacific Shipyards, Inc., Tacoma WA". Ship Building History. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "2219009". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2 January 2009. (Subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ a b c d "EMPIRE - A". Mariners-L. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  4. ^ "Maritime Salvors Ltd". The Times (42351). London. 5 March 1920. col A-C, p. 25. 
  5. ^ "Mails and Shipping, Casualty Reports". The Times (42582). London. 1 December 1920. col D, p. 22. 
  6. ^ "Mails and Shipping, Casualty Reports". The Times (45732). London. 28 January 1931. col E, p. 22. 
  7. ^ a b "Empire Antelope". U-boat.net. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  8. ^ "CONVOY ON (S) 37". Warsailors. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  9. ^ "CONVOY SC 77". Warsailors. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  10. ^ a b c Hague, Arnold (2000). The Allied Convoy System 1939-1945. Naval Institute Press. p. 135&137. ISBN 1-55750-019-3. 
  11. ^ Milner, Marc (1985). North Atlantic Run. Naval Institute Press. p. 145. ISBN 0-87021-450-0. 
  12. ^ "EMPIRE ANTELOPE". Ubootwaffe. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  13. ^ "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  14. ^ "LLOYD'S REGISTER, NAVIRES A VAPEUR ET A MOTEURS" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 

Coordinates: 52°26′N 45°22′W / 52.433°N 45.367°W / 52.433; -45.367