SS Gallois

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History
Ensign of United Kingdom Civil and Naval Ensign of France.svg
Name: SS Gallois
Owner: Tredegar Associated Collieries & Shipping Company Ltd
Operator: Etablissenents Oden de Lubersac but under the requisition of the British in July 1940
Port of registry: Rouen France
Builder: Wood, Skinner & Company Ltd., Newcastle upon Tyne, England
Yard number: No: 197
Launched: 1917
Fate: Became stranded becoming a total Wreck on Haisbro Sands 6 August 1941 off Norfolk, England
General characteristics
Tonnage: 2,684 gross register tons (GRT)
Length: 321 ft (98 m)
Beam: 43 ft (13 m)
Draft: 17 ft (5.2 m)
Installed power: Three cylinder triple expansion engine
Propulsion: Twin Screw
Speed: 10½
Crew: Captain Peard and 100 crewmen/passengers
Notes: French Collier but technically she was under a British Flag when wrecked.

SS Gallois of Rouen, France, was one of Seven Merchant vessel which became stranded and then Wrecked on Haisbro Sands [1] of the Norfolk coast on 6 August 1941 during the Second World War. The SS Gallois had been part of a convoy with the designation Convoy FS 559.

History[edit]

The Gallois was a steam merchant ship which was built in 1917 at the Wood, Skinner & Company Ltd., Newcastle upon Tyne, England.[2] She was 2,684 gross register tons (GRT) and 321 feet (98 m) long. Her yard Number was No:197. She had been ordered by the Burnett Steam Ship Co. Ltd., (Burnett & Co) of Newcastle upon Tyne. Her original name was the SS Tynemouth.[2] In 1929 she was sold to Tredegar Associated Collieries & Shipping Co. Ltd (A Capel & Co., Ltd.) of Cardiff, Wales. This Company renamed her SS Lord Aberconway.[2] In 1930 she was again sold to Etablissenents Oden de Lubersac who renamed her SS Gallois.[2] The ship was requisitioned in London in July 1940 by the British Government at the start Second World War.

Final voyage[edit]

On 5 August[2] Convoy FS 559 was proceeding down the East coast of Britain to London from Newcastle. The convoy was being escorted by two Royal Navy destroyers of the Rosyth escort-force. HMS Vimiera[3] was an old ‘V’ class destroyer built in 1917,[2] whilst HMS Wolsey[4] was a Thorneycroft ‘W’ Class built a year later in 1918.[2] Also helping with the escort duties were two trawlers, HMS Agate and HMS Arkwright.[2] The night was drawing in as the convoy made its way down the coast and the weather was poor. There was a North-north west gale in full blow with rain. It was cold and visibility was poor. By the early hours and daylight of 6 August the convoy was enveloped in a thick sea mist making visibility very poor.[5]

Disaster[edit]

There are two accounts[2] of what happened in the early hours of 6 August 1941. The first is that when Convoy FS 559 was being passed by a northbound convoy. They had come under attacked by German E-boats. The standing instruction for ships in convoy under these circumstances is to scatter in groups, each with their own Royal Navy escort. HMS Agate led her group away and had either lost all notion of her position or the channel buoys had moved. The convoy had been unable to see the Haisborough Light in the poor viability which due to war time restrictions was only illuminated for ten minutes when a convoy was due in the area. This had caused the lead escort difficulty in plotting their position. Soon seven of the vessels were stranded on the sands. The second version and the more likely cause of the ships running aground is that the bad weather conditions, and the strong westerly drift, and the fact that the exact position of the convoy was unavailable; the ships involved just ran aground.

Rescue[edit]

The Cromer Lifeboat had been alerted to the unfolding disaster out on Haisbro Sands at 8:00 am on 6 August.[5] The Cromer Number 1 boat H F Bailey put out at once with Coxswain Henry Blogg[6] in command.[6] The lifeboat arrived at Haisborough Sands at 9:40 am.[6] Above the Lifeboat the crew of H F Bailey could hear the slow drone of RAF aircraft sent to patrol above the stricken convoy.[6] As the lifeboat approached the sands, Blogg and his crew saw the seven big cargo vessels stranded with their backs broke. All that was visible was the ships bridges as the sea broke across their decks. One of the escort destroyers had already begun rescue work[6] using one of her whaler boats. The sea conditions the whaler came up against resulted in twelve of the seaman drowning by the time the lifeboat arrived. Before attending to the Gallois the lifeboat took 16 men to safety from the SS Oxshott.[6] Coxswain Blogg then took the H F Bailey alongside the Galloise. The steamer was still just above water and her engines were still running. Blogg held the lifeboat alongside the ship, head to the wind, while some of the crew jumped aboard and others slid down ropes. One of the crew fell into the sea but was hauled out by one of the lifeboat men, unharmed. In total the H F Bailey rescued 31 men[6] from the SS Gallois which with the crew from the Oxshott meant she was now carrying 47 rescued seamen. The lifeboat left the sands and transferred the rescued men to a nearby destroyer. The H F Bailey then returned to the sands, her work not yet completed.[6]

Awards[edit]

Coxswain Henry Blogg and his crew were recognised for their bravery on the service to Convoy FS559 at an award ceremony held at the Regal Cinema in Hans Place, Cromer. The ceremony was attended by Vice Admiral Sir John Cunningham KCB[6] and a large audience. Ironically the proceedings were interrupted by the lifeboat being called out to service. After a short while it was announced that the call-out had been cancelled and the ceremony continued. Henry Blogg received a second bar to his Gold Medal[6] and he was also awarded the British Empire Medal. Jack Davis was awarded the RNLI silver medal, as did coxswain Charles Johnson of the Great Yarmouth and Gorleston lifeboat.[6] Several other members of the Cromer crew were awarded Bronze Medals.[6]

Position of the wreck of the SS Gallois today[edit]

Coordinates: 52°54′N 01°43′E / 52.900°N 1.717°E / 52.900; 1.717
24.1 kilometres (15.0 mi) North of Hemsby
24.2 kilometres (15.0 mi) East-north east of North Walsham
27.9 kilometres (17.3 mi) North of Caister on Sea
28.2 kilometres (17.5 mi) East of Cromer

Cromer Lifeboat Crew[edit]

The Rescue of the SS Gallois[7]
H. F. Bailey
Name Rank
Henry G Blogg Coxswain Henry Blogg 1 Feb 2008 (1).JPG
J J Davis Snr Second Coxswain
W T Davis Bowman
H W Davis Mechanic
W Davis Assistant Mechanic
Henry “shrimp” Davies Signaller Henry Shrimp Davies photo in the Henry Blogg Museum 16 Feb 2008 (2).JPG
Edward W "Boy Primo" Allen Signaller Edward Walter Allen (1).JPG
J R Davis crew
Robert "Skinback" Cox crew Robert skinback Cox.JPG
C Harrison
L Harrison
L Harrison

References[edit]

  1. ^ SC1408 Harwich and Rotterdam to Cromer & Terschelling Admrialty Small Craft Chart Coastal planning chart of the Harwich and Rotterdam to Cromer and Terschelling Scale: 1:300,000
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i The Ship-Wrecks off North East Norfolk by Ayer Tikus: Published by Ayer Tikus Publications; ASIN B0032Z2NU0
  3. ^ *HMS Vimiera
  4. ^ HMS Wolsey
  5. ^ a b The Rescues of Henry Blogg and the crews of the Cromer Lifeboat:By Mick Bensley: Published by Bengunn:ISBN 1-85770-229-8
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Henry Blogg, the Greatest of the Lifeboatmen", Jolly, C., Pub: Poppyland Publishing, new edition 2002, ISBN 0-946148-59-7
  7. ^ The Cromer Lifeboats, by Bob Malster & Peter Stibbons,:Poppyland Publishing, ISBN 0-946148-21-X

External links[edit]