SS Goodleigh (1928)

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History
Name
  • Goodleigh (1928–37)
  • Christoph Van Doornum (1937–39)
  • Empire Commerce (1939–40)
Owner
  • Dulverton Steamship Co Ltd (1928–37)
  • Reunert & Co GmbH (1937–39)
  • Canadian Government (1939)
  • Ministry of War Transport (1939–40)
Operator
  • Dulverton Steamship Co Ltd (1928–37)
  • Fisser & Van Doornum (1937–39)
  • H Chisholm & Co Ltd (1939–40)
Port of registry
  • United Kingdom London (1928–37)
  • Nazi Germany Hamburg (1937–39)
  • United Kingdom London (1939–40)
BuilderJ L Thompson & Sons Ltd
Launched1928
CompletedMarch 1928
Out of service9 June 1940
Identification
  • Code Letters LBHC (1928–34)
  • ICS Lima.svgICS Bravo.svgICS Hotel.svgICS Charlie.svg
  • Code Letters GNQB (1934–37)
  • ICS Golf.svgICS November.svgICS Quebec.svgICS Bravo.svg
  • Code Letters DJVA (1937–39)
  • ICS Delta.svgICS Juliet.svgICS Victor.svgICS Alpha.svg
  • Code Letters GLVA (1939–40)
  • ICS Golf.svgICS Lima.svgICS Victor.svgICS Alpha.svg
  • United Kingdom Official Number 160368 (1928–37, 1939–40)
FateStruck a mine and beached
General characteristics
Class and typeCargo ship
Tonnage
  • 3,845 GRT (Goodleigh)
  • 3,751 GRT (Christoph Van Doornum)
  • 3,857 GRT (Empire Commerce)
  • 2,323 NRT (Goodleigh)
  • 2,240 NRT (Christoph Van Doornum)
  • 2,302 NRT (Empire Commerce)
Length360 ft 0 in (109.73 m)
Beam50 ft 0 in (15.24 m)
Depth23 ft 9 in (7.24 m)
Installed powerTriple expansion steam engine
PropulsionScrew propellor

Goodleigh was a 3,857 GRT cargo ship that was built in 1928 by J L Thompson & Sons Ltd, Sunderland for the Dulverton Steamship Company. In 1937 she was sold to Fisser & Van Doornum, Emden and was renamed Christian Van Doornum. She was in port in Canada when war was declared between the United Kingdom and Germany. She was seized as a war prize and passed to the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT). Renamed Empire Commerce, she served until 9 June 1940 when she struck a mine off Margate, Kent. She was beached and her cargo was salvaged, but Empire Commerce was deemed a constructive total loss and was scrapped in situ. She was the first Empire ship lost through enemy action in the Second World War.

Description[edit]

The ship was built by J L Thompson Ltd, Sunderland. She was launched in 1928,[1] and completed in March of that year.[2]

The ship was 360 feet 0 inches (109.73 m) long, with a beam of 50 feet 0 inches (15.24 m) and a depth of 23 feet 9 inches (7.24 m). She had a GRT of 3,845 and a NRT of 2,323.[2]

The ship was propelled by a triple expansion steam engine, which had cylinders of 24 inches (61 cm), 40 inches (100 cm) and 66 inches (170 cm) diameter by 45 inches (110 cm) stroke. The engine was built by J Dickinson & Sons Ltd, Sunderland.[2]

History[edit]

Goodleigh was built for the Dulverton Steamship Co Ltd. Her port of registry was London. The United Kingdom Official Number 160368 and Code Letters LBHC were allocated.[2] In 1934, her Code Letters were changed to GNQB.[3]

In 1937,[1] Goodleigh was sold to Reunert & Co GmbH and was renamed Christoph Van Doornum. She was placed under the management of Fisser & Van Doornum,[4] Emden.[1] Her port of registry was changed to Hamburg and the Code Letters DJVA were allocated. She was now listed as 3,741 GRT, 2,240 NRT.[4] On 4 September 1939, Christoph Van Doornum was in port at Botwood, Newfoundland. War was declared between the United Kingdom and Germany and the ship was seized by the Canadian authorities.[1] The actual arrest of the ship being carried out by the town's Sheriff. This may have been the first act of war during the Second World War on the continent of North America.[5]

Christoph Van Doornum was declared a war prize. She was passed to the MoWT and renamed Empire Commerce.[1] She was placed under the management of H Chisholm & Co Ltd. Her port of registry was changed to London and the Code Letters GLVJ were allocated. She was reallocated the United Kingdom Official Number 160368. Empire Commerce was now listed as 3,857 GRT, 2,302 NRT.[6] On 9 June 1940, Empire Commerce struck a mine off Margate, Kent and was severely damaged. She was beached on the Mucking Sands where her cargo of woodpulp was discharged.[1] The engine room was severely damaged. Greaser Maurice Holden escaped from the engine room, but then realised that the engineer was trapped, went back in and rescued him. For his bravery, Holden was awarded a British Empire Medal.[7] Empire Commerce was declared a constructive total loss and was scrapped in situ. She was the first Empire ship to be lost through enemy action.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Mitchell, W H, and Sawyer, L A (1995). The Empire Ships. London, New York, Hamburg, Hong Kong: Lloyd's of London Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85044-275-4.
  2. ^ a b c d "LLOYD'S REGISTER, NAVIRES A VAPEUR ET A MOTEURS" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 14 May 2010.
  3. ^ "LLOYD'S REGISTER, NAVIRES A VAPEUR ET A MOTEURS" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 14 May 2010.
  4. ^ a b "LLOYD'S REGISTER, NAVIRES A VAPEUR ET A MOTEURS" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 14 May 2010.
  5. ^ "Botwood: History of an Airport". Virtual Museum Canada. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2010.
  6. ^ "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 14 May 2010.
  7. ^ "No. 34921". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 August 1940. pp. 4999–5000.

External links[edit]