SS Himalaya (1948)

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SS Himalaya
History
United Kingdom
NameSS Himalaya
NamesakeHimalaya
OwnerPeninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company
Operator1949-1961 P&O Lines, 1961-1966 P&O-Orient Lines, 1966-1974 P&O Lines
Port of registryLondon,  UK
RouteTilbury-Gibraltar-Marseilles-Naples-Port Said-Aden-Bombay-Colombo-Singapore-Fremantle-Adelaide-Melbourne-Sydney
OrderedMarch 1945
BuilderVickers-Armstrongs, Barrow-in-Furness, UK
Cost£3,500,000
Yard number951
Laid down26 February 1946
Launched5 October 1948
CompletedAugust 1949
Maiden voyage6 October 1949
Out of service31 October 1974
Identification
FateScrapped, 1975
General characteristics [2]
TypePassenger ship
Tonnage
  • As built 27,955 GRT
  • 1963, 27,989 GRT
  • 1969, 28,047 GRT)
  • 9,659 DWT[1]
Length
  • 708 ft 8 in (216.00 m) o/a
  • 667 ft 0 in (203.30 m) p/p[1]
Beam90 ft 8 in (27.64 m)
Draught31 ft 2 in (9.50 m)
Propulsion
  • Steam turbines, 42,550 shp (31,730 kW)
  • 2 screws
Speed22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph)
CapacityAs built, 758 1st class, 401 tourist class (1963, 1,416 tourist class), cargo 450,000 cu ft (13,000 m3)
Crew572

SS Himalaya was a British passenger ship of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company, launched in 1948, which operated mainly between Britain and Australia. She was withdrawn from service in 1974 and scrapped the next year.

History[edit]

SS Himalaya photographed by Paolo Monti in Naples, 1962

Himalaya was built at Barrow-in-Furness by Vickers-Armstrongs and launched 5 October 1948. She had an identical hull and machinery to Orient Lines' Orcades (yard no. 950 to Himalaya's 951), though differing in superstructure and internal layout. She began her service on the Tilbury-Bombay-Australia route in 1949 following her departure from the shipbuilding yard in August. During her commission Himalaya underwent a number of improvements the first of which was, although controversial at the time, a funnel cowl to keep the liner's decks clear of debris without interference to the boilers.

Arthur C. Clarke completed his book, The City and the Stars, on board Himalaya during a voyage to Sydney between September 1954 and March 1955, as mentioned at the end of the book.

In 1958 she pioneered a new South Pacific route for P&O, from Melbourne and Sydney to San Francisco and Los Angeles via Fiji, Honolulu and Vancouver. The following year she was routed from Los Angeles to Singapore and then onward to London.[3]

In the winter of 1959-60 she was given a major refit at Flushing which include the installation of full air conditioning. In 1963, following the sale of the Strath Class liners by P&O, Himalaya, along with Orcades, was converted to all tourist class and was often used on assisted immigrant sailings.[3]

SS Himalaya final voyage log
SS Himalaya final voyage log

Himalaya arrived at Hong Kong on 31 October 1974 on her final commercial voyage. She was sold to Tong Cheng Steel Manufacturing Co. Ltd, and scrapped in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, in 1975.[4]

Himalaya was in a background scene, while docked in Hong Kong, in an episode of the series I Spy Season: 01 Ep: 02. A Cup of Kindness.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "HIMALAYA". shipspotting.com. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
  2. ^ "Himalaya: Technical Statistics". The AJN Transport Britain Collection. 2007. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
  3. ^ a b Miller, William H (1986). The Last of the Blue Water Liners. London: Conway Maritime Press. p. 27. ISBN 0 85177 400 8.
  4. ^ "Himalaya: History". The AJN Transport Britain Collection. 2007. Retrieved 8 December 2012.

External links[edit]