SS Santa Rosa (1916)

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USS Santa Rosa 1919.jpg
USS Santa Rosa returning to the United States with troops on board, 1919.
History
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg
Name: SS Santa Rosa
Operator: Grace Line (1917, 1919-1925)
Port of registry: New York City
Builder: William Cramp & Sons Shipbuilding Company
Yard number: 438[1]
Launched: December 27, 1916
In service: January 1917
Fate: Sold in 1925
 
Name: USAT Santa Rosa
Operator: US Army (1917-1919)
Port of registry: New York City
Acquired: August 29, 1917
Fate: Transferred to US Navy March 10, 1919
 
Name: USS Santa Rosa (ID-2169)
Operator: US Navy (1919)
Port of registry: New York City
Acquired: March 10, 1919
Fate: Returned to owners October 27, 1919
 
Name: SS Oregonian
Operator: American-Hawaiian Steamship Company (1925-1942)
Acquired: 1925
Out of service: 1942
Fate: Sunk by aerial torpedo, 1942
General characteristics
Type: Passenger/Cargo Liner
Tonnage: 6,415
Length: 417.5 ft (127 m)
Beam: 54.8 ft (16.7 m)
Installed power: 1 quadruple expansion
Propulsion: Single screw
Speed: 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)

SS Santa Rosa (later SS Oregonian) was a passenger/cargo ocean liner in service for the Grace Line and later the American-Hawaiian Steamship Company. The vessel also saw military transport service during both World War I and World War II.

Built at William Cramp & Sons Shipbuilding Company in Philadelphia, the vessel was completed in January 1917. She was named Santa Rosa and entered commercial service for the Grace Line.[2] (Two later vessels would also carry the name Santa Rosa for Grace Line.)[3]

After the United States entered World War I, the vessel was requisitioned by the US Army in August 1917 and became the USAT Santa Rosa. In March 1919 she was transferred to the US Navy for use as a transport and commissioned USS Santa Rosa (ID-2169). In October she was returned to her owners and resumed civilian service for the Grace Line.[4]

On 26 December 1922, Santa Rosa ran aground at Charleston, South Carolina;[5] she was refloated on 31 December 1922.[6] In 1925 she was sold to the American-Hawaiian Steamship Company and renamed SS Oregonian. She served her new owners in Pacific inter-coastal service[7] for 17 years.

On September 13, 1942 Oregonian was in the Barents Sea approximately 198 miles WNW of Bear Island as a civilian vessel in convoy PQ 18.[8] Although armed, the convoy was immediately overwhelmed with attacks from U-boats, torpedo planes, and bombers all launched from German-occupied Norway. Oregonian took three aerial torpedoes to her starboard side. Immediately the ship listed to starboard, rolled over, and sank. Twenty two crew members and seven Armed Guard were killed including her Master Harold Dowling. The fourteen surviving crew members were rescued by escort ships and eventually repatriated to the US aboard RMS Queen Mary.[9] Oregonian's wreck is located at 76°00′N 09°30′E / 76.000°N 9.500°E / 76.000; 9.500

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ships Built - Cramp Shipbuilding, Philadelphia". www.ShipbuildingHistory.com. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "SS Santa Rosa (1917)". Michael W. Pocock and MaritimeQuest. com. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "Grace Line Fleet 1882-1969". TheShipsList.com. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  4. ^ "Santa Rosa (ID 2169)". NavSource Naval History. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (43225). London. 29 December 1922. col F, p. 10. 
  6. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (43227). London. 1 January 1923. col E, p. 18. 
  7. ^ Watts, Ian (23 October 2009). "American-Hawaiian Steamship Company, 1899-1956.". Through the Hawse Pipe. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Ships Sunk or Damaged in Murmansk Run". American Merchant Marine at War, www.usmm.org. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "American-Hawaiian Steamship Co. in WWII". Eric Stone, ssarkansan.com. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 

Coordinates: 76°00′N 9°18′E / 76.00°N 09.30°E / 76.00; 09.30