SS Transylvania (1914)

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RMS Transylvania I.jpg
SS Transylvania
History
United Kingdom
NameSS Transylvania
Owner
BuilderScotts, Greenock & Grangemouth Dockyard Co. Ltd., Greenock, Scotland
Launched23 May 1914
AcquiredMay 1915
FateSunk by German U-boat U-63, 4 May 1917
General characteristics
Tonnage14,348 GRT
Length548.3 ft (167.1 m)
Beam66.6 ft (20.3 m)
Draught42 ft (13 m)
Installed power
PropulsionTwin screws
Speed17.5 knots (32.4 km/h)
Capacity
  • 1,379 passengers, as built
  • 3,060, as troopship

SS Transylvania was a British passenger liner of the Anchor Line, a subsidiary of the Cunard Line and a sister ship to SS Tuscania. She was torpedoed and sunk on 4 May 1917 by the German U-boat SM U-63 at 44°15′N 8°30′E / 44.250°N 8.500°E / 44.250; 8.500Coordinates: 44°15′N 8°30′E / 44.250°N 8.500°E / 44.250; 8.500 while carrying Allied troops to Egypt and sank with a loss of 412 lives.

History[edit]

Career[edit]

Completed just after the outbreak of World War I, The 14,348 GRT Transylvania was built in 1914 at the Scotts Shipbuilding and Engineering Company shipyard in the Scottish city of Greenock. The owner was the Anchor Line, which had been part of the Cunard Line since 1911. The 167.11 m long steamer was powered by two Parsons turbines and six Scotch steam boilers, which acted on two propellers and enabled a speed of 17.5 knots (35.2 km / h). She was taken over for service as a troopship from May 1915 the Admiralty fixed her capacity at 200 officers and 2,860 men, plus crew compared to the 1,379 passengers she was designed to carry.[1] Her sister ship was SS Tuscania.

Loss[edit]

On 3 May 1917, Transylvania sailed from Marseille to Alexandria with a full complement of troops, escorted by the Japanese destroyers Matsu and Sakaki.

At 10 am on 4 May Transylvania was struck in the port engine room by a torpedo fired by the German U-boat SM U-63 under the command of Otto Schultze. At the time the ship was about 2.5 miles (2.2 nmi; 4.0 km) south of Cape Vado near Savona, in the Gulf of Genoa. Matsu came alongside Transylvania and began to take on board troops while Sakaki circled to force the submarine to remain submerged.

Twenty minutes later a second torpedo was seen coming straight for Matsu, which saved herself by going astern at full speed. The torpedo hit Transylvania instead, which sank immediately. Ten crew members, 29 army officers and 373 soldiers lost their lives.

Many bodies of victims were recovered at Savona and buried two days later, in a special plot in the town cemetery. Others are buried elsewhere in Italy, France, Monaco and Spain. Savona Town Cemetery contains 85 Commonwealth burials from the First World War, all but two of them casualties from Transylvania. Within the cemetery is the Savona Memorial which commemorates a further 275 casualties who died when Transylvania sank, but whose graves are unknown.[2] Amongst those killed was the cricketer Major Richard Worsley DSO.[3]

Transylvania was discovered by the Italian Carabinieri on 7 October 2011 off the coast of the island of Bergeggi at an approximate depth of 630 metres (2,070 ft).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "ss TRANSYLVANIA". Clydebuilt Ships Database. Archived from the original on 7 January 2006. Retrieved 18 June 2008.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  2. ^ "Roll of Honour - Bedfordshire - Silsoe". Roll-of-Honour.com. Roll-of-Honour.com. Retrieved 18 June 2008.
  3. ^ Renshaw, Andrew (2011). Wisden on the Great War: The Lives of Cricket's Fallen 1914-1918. Vol. 2nd. Pen and Sword. pp. 375–6. ISBN 978-1526706980.

External links[edit]