SS Transylvania (1914)
|Owner:||Cunard Steam-Ship Co., Liverpool
1915 Anchor Line (Henderson Brothers) Ltd.
|Builder:||Scotts, Greenock & Grangemouth Dockyard Co. Ltd., Greenock, Scotland|
|Launched:||May 23, 1914|
|Status:||Sunk by German U-boat U-63, May 4 1917|
|Tonnage:||14348 gross tonnes|
|Length:||548.3 ft (167.1 m)|
|Beam:||66.6 ft (20.3 m)|
|Draught:||42 ft (13 m)|
|Installed power:||6 x Scotch boilers
2 x Parsons steam turbines
|Speed:||17.5 knots (32.4 km/h)|
|Capacity:||1,379 passengers, as built
3,060, as troopship
The SS Transylvania was a passenger liner of the Cunard subsidiary Anchor Line, and a sister ship to SS Tuscania. She was torpedoed and sunk on May 4, 1917 by the German U-boat U-63 at Coordinates: while carrying Allied troops to Egypt and sank with a loss of 412 lives.
Completed just before the outbreak of World War I, the Transylvania was taken over for service as a troopship upon completion. She was designed to accommodate 1,379 passengers but the Admiralty fixed her capacity at 200 officers and 2,860 men, besides crew, when she was commissioned in May 1915.
At 10 am on May 4 the Transylvania was struck in the port engine room by a torpedo fired by the German U-boat U-63 under the command of Otto Schultze. At the time the ship was about 2.5 miles (2.2 nmi; 4.0 km) south of Cape Vado near Savona, in the Gulf of Genoa. The Matsu came alongside the Transylvania and began to take on board troops while the Sakaki circled to force the submarine to remain submerged.
Twenty minutes later a second torpedo was seen coming straight for the Matsu, which saved herself by going astern at full speed. The torpedo hit the Transylvania instead, which sank immediately. Ten crew members, 29 army officers and 373 soldiers lost their lives.
Many bodies of victims were recovered at Savona and buried two days later, in a special plot in the town cemetery. Others are buried elsewhere in Italy, France, Monaco and Spain. Savona Town Cemetery contains 85 Commonwealth burials from the First World War, all but two of them casualties from the Transylvania. Within the cemetery is the Savona Memorial which commemorates a further 275 casualties who died when the Transylvania sank, but whose graves are unknown.
Transylvania was discovered on 8 October 2011 off the coast of the island of Bergeggi at a depth of 130 metres.