Deck shot of the SS Ypiranga showing the anti-rolling tanks to the left of the officer (1911).
|Owner:||Hamburg-America Line (Hapag)|
|Operator:||Hamburg-America Line (Hapag)|
|Port of registry:||Hamburg|
|Launched:||May, 3rd 1908|
|Christened:||May, 3rd 1908|
|Completed:||October 14, 1908|
|Maiden voyage:||October 14, 1908|
|Out of service:||1919|
|Fate:||Transferred to United Kingdom|
|Port of registry:||Liverpool|
|Out of service:||1929|
|Fate:||Sold to Companhia Colonial de Navegação|
|Owner:||Companhia Colonial de Navegação|
|Operator:||Companhia Colonial de Navegação|
|Port of registry:||Lisbon|
|Out of service:||1950|
|Fate:||Sold to British Iron & Steel Corporation|
|Status:||Stranded near Campbeltown|
|Tonnage:||8,103 gross register tons|
|Length:||138.2 m (453 ft)|
|Beam:||16.76 m (55.0 ft)|
|Draft:||9.07 m (29.8 ft)|
|Installed power:||4 800 hp driving two propellers|
|Propulsion:||Quadruple expansion steam engines|
S.S. Ypiranga was a German-registered cargo-steamer owned and operated by Hamburg-America Line (Hapag-Lloyd) shipping company. It was built in 1908 by Germaniawerft and was 448.4’ x 55.3’, and measured 8,142 gross register tons. After launching, Ypiranga was found to be notoriously unsteady at sea. This was remedied by installing two water tanks near the fore and after masts on the upper deck, connected by a flying bridge. The flow of water between the tanks, controlled by regulating the movement of the air in the side branches, served to steady the ship in rough water, and it gained the reputation of being particularly steady after installation. Ypiranga's sister ship Corcovada was similarly outfitted.
In September 1910, Ypiranga carried the German crews from the battleships SMS Kurfürst Friedrich Wilhelm and Weissenburg back from the Ottoman Empire, after the ships had been sold to the Ottoman Navy. The ousted Mexican dictator Porfirio Díaz, accompanied by his family, boarded Ypiranga at the docks of Veracruz, on Wednesday, May 31, 1911, bound for Europe. He went into exile in France. On April 15th, 1912, Ypiranga was one of the many ships in contact with the RMS Titanic as Titanic was sinking.
Ypiranga’s 26th voyage in April 1914 was the most notable; from Hamburg to the Mexican port of Veracruz, where it was fined by the United States for delivering arms and ammunition to the government of Victoriano Huerta in an event coined the "Ypiranga Incident".
Ypiranga served until 1919, when it was ceded to the United Kingdom as a war reparation and placed under White Line Management. In 1921 Anchor Line assumed control of the ship and renamed it Assyria, used in their Bombay run. A Portuguese company, Companhia Colonial de Navegação, purchased the ship in 1929 and renamed it Colonial for use in their Lisbon-Angola/Portuguese East Africa run. In 1950 there were plans to scrap the ship, but during the trip to the scrapyard under tow it broke free of her tug and wrecked near Campbeltown.
- "S/S Ypiranga, HamburgAmericaLine". Norway Heritage.
- "Anti-Rolling Tank of 12,600-Ton Liner". Popular Mechanics Magazine. November 1911. Retrieved 5 February 2009.
- Hildebrand Röhr & Steinmetz, p. 191
- Michael C. Meyer, "The Arms of the Ypiranga," The Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 50, No. 3 (Aug., 1970), pp. 543-556 Published by: Duke University Press
- "Hamburg-American Line Archived 2011-05-25 at the Wayback Machine". The Ships List.
- "Ypiranga". shawsavillships.co.uk.
- Hildebrand, Hans H.; Röhr, Albert; Steinmetz, Hans-Otto (1993). Die Deutschen Kriegsschiffe (Volume 5). Ratingen, DE: Mundus Verlag. ASIN B003VHSRKE.