STIM1

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STIM1
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe RCSB
Identifiers
Aliases STIM1, D11S4896E, GOK, IMD10, STRMK, TAM, TAM1, stromal interaction molecule 1
External IDs OMIM: 605921 MGI: 107476 HomoloGene: 20681 GeneCards: STIM1
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE STIM1 202764 at fs.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_003156
NM_001277961
NM_001277962

NM_009287

RefSeq (protein)

NP_001264890
NP_001264891
NP_003147

NP_033313.2
NP_033313

Location (UCSC) Chr 11: 3.85 – 4.09 Mb Chr 7: 102.27 – 102.44 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]
Wikidata
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

Stromal interaction molecule 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the STIM1 gene.[3][4][5] STIM1 has a single transmembrane domain, and is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum, and to a lesser extent to the plasma membrane.[6]

Even though the protein has been identified earlier, its function was unknown until recently. In 2005, it was discovered that STIM1 functions as a calcium sensor in the endoplasmic reticulum.[7][8] Upon activation of the IP3 receptor, the calcium concentration in the endoplasmic reticulum decreases, which is sensed by STIM1, via its EF hand domain. STIM1 activates the "store-operated" ORAI1 calcium ion channels in the plasma membrane, via intracellular STIM1 movement, clustering under plasma membrane and protein protein interaction with ORAI isoforms.[9][10][11] 2-Aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB) and 4-chloro-3-ethylphenol (4-CEP) cause STIM1 clustering in a cell and prevent STIM1 moving toward plasma membrane.[12]

Interactions[edit]

STIM1 has been shown to interact with ORAI1, TMEM110 (STIMATE[13]), SERCA, TMEM66 (SARAF), and STIM2.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  2. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  3. ^ Parker NJ, Begley CG, Smith PJ, Fox RM (Oct 1996). "Molecular cloning of a novel human gene (D11S4896E) at chromosomal region 11p15.5". Genomics. 37 (2): 253–6. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.0553. PMID 8921403. 
  4. ^ a b Williams RT, Manji SS, Parker NJ, Hancock MS, Van Stekelenburg L, Eid JP, Senior PV, Kazenwadel JS, Shandala T, Saint R, Smith PJ, Dziadek MA (Aug 2001). "Identification and characterization of the STIM (stromal interaction molecule) gene family: coding for a novel class of transmembrane proteins". The Biochemical Journal. 357 (Pt 3): 673–85. doi:10.1042/0264-6021:3570673. PMC 1221997Freely accessible. PMID 11463338. 
  5. ^ Williams RT, Senior PV, Van Stekelenburg L, Layton JE, Smith PJ, Dziadek MA (Apr 2002). "Stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1), a transmembrane protein with growth suppressor activity, contains an extracellular SAM domain modified by N-linked glycosylation". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 1596 (1): 131–7. doi:10.1016/S0167-4838(02)00211-X. PMID 11983428. 
  6. ^ Soboloff J, Rothberg BS, Madesh M, Gill DL (Sep 2012). "STIM proteins: dynamic calcium signal transducers". Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology. 13 (9): 549–65. doi:10.1038/nrm3414. PMC 3458427Freely accessible. PMID 22914293. 
  7. ^ Roos J, DiGregorio PJ, Yeromin AV, Ohlsen K, Lioudyno M, Zhang S, Safrina O, Kozak JA, Wagner SL, Cahalan MD, Veliçelebi G, Stauderman KA (May 2005). "STIM1, an essential and conserved component of store-operated Ca2+ channel function". The Journal of Cell Biology. 169 (3): 435–45. doi:10.1083/jcb.200502019. PMC 2171946Freely accessible. PMID 15866891. 
  8. ^ Liou J, Kim ML, Heo WD, Jones JT, Myers JW, Ferrell JE, Meyer T (Jul 2005). "STIM is a Ca2+ sensor essential for Ca2+-store-depletion-triggered Ca2+ influx". Current Biology. 15 (13): 1235–41. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2005.05.055. PMC 3186072Freely accessible. PMID 16005298. 
  9. ^ Putney JW (Sep 2009). "Capacitative calcium entry: from concept to molecules". Immunological Reviews. 231 (1): 10–22. doi:10.1111/j.1600-065X.2009.00810.x. PMID 19754887. 
  10. ^ Zhou Y, Srinivasan P, Razavi S, Seymour S, Meraner P, Gudlur A, Stathopulos PB, Ikura M, Rao A, Hogan PG (Aug 2013). "Initial activation of STIM1, the regulator of store-operated calcium entry". Nature Structural & Molecular Biology. 20 (8): 973–81. doi:10.1038/nsmb.2625. PMC 3784406Freely accessible. PMID 23851458. 
  11. ^ Ma G, Wei M, He L, Liu C, Wu B, Zhang SL, Jing J, Liang X, Senes A, Tan P, Li S, Sun A, Bi Y, Zhong L, Si H, Shen Y, Li M, Lee MS, Zhou W, Wang J, Wang Y, Zhou Y (2015-07-17). "Inside-out Ca(2+) signalling prompted by STIM1 conformational switch". Nature Communications. 6: 7826. doi:10.1038/ncomms8826. PMC 4509486Freely accessible. PMID 26184105. 
  12. ^ Zeng B, Chen GL, Xu SZ (Oct 2012). "Store-independent pathways for cytosolic STIM1 clustering in the regulation of store-operated Ca(2+) influx". Biochemical Pharmacology. 84 (8): 1024–35. doi:10.1016/j.bcp.2012.07.013. PMID 22842488. 
  13. ^ Jing J, He L, Sun A, Quintana A, Ding Y, Ma G, Tan P, Liang X, Zheng X, Chen L, Shi X, Zhang SL, Zhong L, Huang Y, Dong MQ, Walker CL, Hogan PG, Wang Y, Zhou Y (Aug 2015). "Proteomic mapping of ER-PM junctions identifies STIMATE as a regulator of Ca(2+) influx". Nature Cell Biology. 17: 1339–47. doi:10.1038/ncb3234. PMID 26322679.