STS-52

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STS-52
Sts052-80-030 lrg.jpg
Columbia's payload bay, with the LAGEOS 2 satellite being deployed.
NamesSpace Transportation System-51
Mission typeMicrogravity research
LAGEOS 2 satellite deployment
OperatorNASA
COSPAR ID1992-070A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.22194
Mission duration9 days, 20 hours, 56 minutes, 13 seconds (achieved)
Distance travelled6,645,026 km (4,129,028 mi)
Orbits completed159
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftSpace Shuttle Columbia
Launch mass113,460 kg (250,140 lb)
Landing mass97,574 kg (215,114 lb)[1]
Payload mass8,078 kg (17,809 lb)
Crew
Crew size6
Members
Start of mission
Launch date22 October 1992, 17:09:39 UTC[2]
RocketSpace Shuttle Columbia
Launch siteKennedy Space Center, LC-39B
ContractorRockwell International
End of mission
Landing date1 November 1992, 14:05:52 UTC
Landing siteKennedy Space Center,
SLF Runway 33
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit[2]
RegimeLow Earth orbit
Perigee altitude300 km (190 mi)
Apogee altitude302 km (188 mi)
Inclination28.45°
Period90.60 minutes
Instruments
Canadian experiment (CANEX-2)
Chemical Vapor Transport Experiment Heat Pipe Performance Experiment (CVTEHPPE)
Lambda Point Experiment
Low Altitude Conical Earth Sensor (LACES)
Materials Exposure in Low-Earth Orbit (MELEO)
Matériel pour l'Étude des Phénomènes Intéressant la Solidification sur eT en Orbite (MEPHISTO)
Modular Star Sensor (MOSS)
Mission Peculiar Equipment Support Structures (MPESS)
Orbiter Glow (OGLOW-2);
Phase Partitioning in Liquids (PARLIQ)
Queen's University Experiment in Liquid-Metal Diffusion (QUELD)
Physiological Systems Experiment (PSE)

Space Adaptation Tests and Observations (SATO)
Shuttle Plume Impingement Experiment (SPIE)
Sun Photospectrometre Earth Atmosphere Measurement (SPEAM-2)
Space Vision System (SVS)
Tank Pressure Control Experiment/Thermal Phenomena (TPCE/TP)
Yaw Earth Sensor (YES)
Sts-52-patch.png
STS-52 mission patch
Sts-52 crew.jpg
Back: Michael A. Baker, James D. Wetherbee, Steven G. MacLean
Front: Charles L. Veach, Tamara E. Jernigan, William M. Shepherd
← STS-47 (50)
STS-53 (52) →
 

STS-52 was a Space Transportation System (NASA Space Shuttle) mission using Space Shuttle Columbia, and was launched on 22 October 1992.[3]

Crew[edit]

Position Astronaut [4]
Commander James D. Wetherbee
Second spaceflight
Pilot Michael A. Baker
Second spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 Charles L. Veach
Second and last spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 William M. Shepherd
Third spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3 Tamara E. Jernigan
Second spaceflight
Payload Specialist 1 Steven G. MacLean, CSA
First spaceflight

Backup crew[edit]

Position Astronaut
Payload Specialist 1 Bjarni Tryggvason, CSA
First spaceflight

Mission highlights[edit]

Liftoff

Primary mission objectives were deployment of the Laser Geodynamics Satellite 2 (LAGEOS-2) and operation of the U.S. Microgravity Payload-1 (USMP-1). LAGEOS 2, a joint effort between NASA and the Italian Space Agency (ASI), was deployed on day 2 and boosted into an initial elliptical orbit by ASI's Italian Research Interim Stage (IRIS). The spacecraft's apogee kick motor later circularized LAGEOS 2 orbit at its operational altitude of 5,900 km (3,700 mi). The USMP-1, activated on day one, included three experiments mounted on two connected Mission Peculiar Equipment Support Structures (MPESS) mounted in the orbiter's cargo bay. USMP-1 experiments were: Lambda Point Experiment; Matériel pour l'Étude des Phénomènes Intéressant la Solidification sur eT en Orbite (MEPHISTO),[5] sponsored by the French agency Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES); and Space Acceleration Measurement System (SAMS).[3]

Secondary payloads: (1) Canadian experiment (CANEX-2), located in both the orbiter's cargo bay and middeck and which consisted of Space Vision System (SVS); Materials Exposure in Low-Earth Orbit (MELEO); Queen's University Experiment in Liquid-Metal Diffusion (QUELD); Phase Partitioning in Liquids (PARLIQ); Sun Photospectrometre Earth Atmosphere Measurement-2 (SPEAM-2); Orbiter Glow-2 (OGLOW-2); and Space Adaptation Tests and Observations (SATO).[6] A small, specially marked satellite, the Canadian Target Assembly (CTA), was deployed on day nine, to support SVS experiments. (2) ASP, featuring three independent sensors mounted on a Hitchhiker plate in the cargo bay - Modular Star Sensor (MOSS), Yaw Earth Sensor (YES) and Low Altitude Conical Earth Sensor (LACES), all provided by the European Space Agency (ESA).[7]

Other middeck payloads: Commercial Materials Dispersion Apparatus Instrument Technology Associates Experiments; Commercial Protein Crystal Growth experiment; Chemical Vapor Transport Experiment Heat Pipe Performance Experiment (CVTEHPPE); Physiological Systems Experiment (PSE) (involving 12 rodents); and Shuttle Plume Impingement Experiment (SPIE). The orbiter also was used as a reference point for calibrating an Ultraviolet Plume Instrument on an orbiting Strategic Defense Initiative Organization (SDIO) satellite.[8]

The Tank Pressure Control Experiment/Thermal Phenomena (TPCE/TP) was contained in a Getaway Special (GAS) canister in the orbiter's cargo bay.[9]

Some of the ashes of Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry were also carried aboard the orbiter for the duration of the mission.[10]

Wake-up calls[edit]

NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Project Gemini, and first used music to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15. A special musical track is chosen for each day in space, often by the astronauts' families, to have a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or in reference to the day's planned activities.[11]

Day Song Artist/Composer Played For
Day 2 Wake Up Columbia Crow Carroll
Day 3 Shake, Rattle and Roll Big Joe Turner Deployment of LAGEOS-II
Day 5 The World is Waiting for the Sunrise Les Paul and Mary Ford
Day 6 Birthday The Beatles Mike Baker's 39th Birthday
Day 7 "Hawaiian music"
Day 8 Mack the Knife Bobby Darin
Day 9 Bang the Drum Todd Rundgren
Day 10 Monster Mash Bobby "Boris" Picket To celebrate Halloween
Day 11 Notre Dame Victory March JSC employees & Notre Dame grads James Wetherbee

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rumerman, Judy A. (2009). "3B". NASA Historical Data Book (PDF). Vol. VII. NASA History Division. pp. 435–437. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ a b "STS-52 Space Shuttle Mission Report" (PDF). NTRS - NASA Technical Reports Server. NASA. December 1992. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ a b Ryba, Jeanne (31 March 2010). "STS-52". Space Shuttle - Mission Archives. NASA. Archived from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  4. ^ "STS-52 Press Kit" (PDF). JSC History Collection. NASA. October 1992. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  5. ^ Chen, Adam (2012). Wallack, William; George, Gonzalez (eds.). Celebrating 30 years of the space shuttle (PDF). NASA. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-16-090202-4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  6. ^ Chowdhury, Abul A. (6 October 2020). "STS-52". Life Sciences Data Archive. NASA. Archived from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  7. ^ Aceti, R.; Trischberger, M.; Underwood, P. J.; Pomilia, A.; Cosi, M.; Boldrini, F. (1 October 1993). "Attitude Sensor Package" (PDF). NTRS - NASA Technical Reports Server. NASA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  8. ^ "1981-1999 Space Shuttle Mission Chronology" (PDF). NASA. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  9. ^ Dumoulin, Jim (29 June 2001). "STS-52". Kennedy Space Center's Science, Technology and Engineering Homepage. NASA. Archived from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  10. ^ Goodman, Rebecca (23 October 2012). "This Week @ NASA, 23 October 2012". NASA Podcasts. NASA. Archived from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021. ...Columbia also carried to space ashes of Star Trek creator, Gene Roddenberry
  11. ^ Fries, Colin (13 March 2015). "Chronology of Wakeup Calls" (PDF). NASA History Division. NASA. pp. 24–25. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.

External links[edit]