||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (May 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Endeavour docked to Mir
|Mission duration||8 days, 19 hours, 48 minutes, 04 seconds.|
|Distance travelled||5,800,000 kilometers (3,600,000 mi)|
|Spacecraft||Space Shuttle Endeavour|
|Landing mass||114,131 kilograms (251,616 lb)|
|Payload mass||7,748 kilograms (17,081 lb)|
|Members||Terrence W. Wilcutt
Joe F. Edwards, Jr.
James F. Reilly, II
Michael P. Anderson
Bonnie J. Dunbar
|Launching||Andrew S. W. Thomas|
|Landing||David A. Wolf|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||23 January 1998, 02:48:15UTC|
|Launch site||Kennedy LC-39A|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||31 January 1998, 22:36UTC|
|Landing site||Kennedy SLF Runway 15|
|Perigee||359 kilometres (223 mi)|
|Apogee||382 kilometres (237 mi)|
|Docking with Mir|
|Docking port||SO starboard|
|Docking date||24 January 1998, 20:14:15 UTC|
|Undocking date||29 January 1998, 16:56 UTC|
|Time docked||4 days, 20 hours, 41 minutes 45 seconds|
|Position||Launching Astronaut||Landing Astronaut|
|Commander||Terrence W. Wilcutt
|Pilot||Joe F. Edwards, Jr.
|Mission Specialist 1||James F. Reilly, II
|Mission Specialist 2||Michael P. Anderson
|Mission Specialist 3||Bonnie J. Dunbar
|Mission Specialist 4||Salizhan Sharipov, RKA
|Mission Specialist 5||Andrew S. W. Thomas
|David A. Wolf
STS-89 was the eighth of nine planned missions to Mir and the fifth involving an exchange of U.S. astronauts. Astronaut David Wolf, who had been on Mir since late September 1997, was replaced by Astronaut Andrew Thomas. Thomas spent approximately 4 months on the orbiting Russian facility before returning to Earth when Discovery docked to Mir in late May during STS-91. During the mission, more than 3,175 kilograms (7,000 lb) of experiments, supplies and hardware were transferred between the two spacecraft.
Experiments and payloads
SPACEHAB Payloads included the Advanced X-Ray Detector (ADV XDT), Advanced Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus (ADV CGBA), EORF, Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) Experiment, Intra-Vehicular Radiation Environment Measurements by the Real-Time Radiation Monitor (RME-1312), Space Acceleration Measurement System (SAMS), VOA and the Volatile Removal Assembly prototype for the ISS Water Recovery System
In-cabin payloads included the Microgravity Plant Nutrient Experiment (MPNE), Shuttle Ionospheric Modification with Pulsed Local Exhaust (SIMPLEX), Closed Equilibrated Biological Aquatic System (CEBAS), TeleMedicine Instrumentation Pack (TMIP), Global Positioning System Development Test Objective (GPS DTO), Human Performance (HP) Experiment, MSD, EarthKAM, Orbiter Space Vision System (OSVS) Shuttle Condensate Collection (RME-1331), Thermo-Electric Holding Module (TEHM), Space Linear Acceleration Mass Measurement Device (DSO 914), Co-Culture Experiments (CoCult) and the Biochemistry of 3-D Tissue Engineering (BIO3D).
Getaway Special experiments included the University of Michigan G-093 – Vortex Ring Transit Experiment (VORTEX), the German Aerospace Center and University Giessen G-141 – Structure of Marangoni Convection in Floating Zones Payload, the German Aerospace Center and the Technical University of Clausthal G-145 Glass Fining Experiment and the Chinese Academy of Sciences G-432 canister containing 5 crystal growth and material sciences experiments.
The insignia depicts Endeavour docked to Mir above the planet Earth. The white inside line in the shape of the number eight and the nine stars symbolize the flight's numerical designation in the Space Transportation System's mission sequence. The International Space Station is in the background.