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Endeavour docked to Mir, as viewed from a window on the Kvant-2 module
NamesSpace Transportation System-89
Mission typeShuttle-Mir
COSPAR ID1998-003A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.25143
Mission duration8 days, 19 hours, 48 minutes, 4 seconds
Distance travelled5,800,000 kilometers (3,600,000 mi)
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftSpace Shuttle Endeavour
Landing mass114,131 kilograms (251,616 lb)
Payload mass7,748 kilograms (17,081 lb)
Crew size7
Start of mission
Launch date23 January 1998, 02:48:15 (1998-01-23UTC02:48:15Z) UTC
Launch siteKennedy LC-39A
End of mission
Landing date31 January 1998, 22:36 (1998-01-31UTC22:37Z) UTC
Landing siteKennedy SLF Runway 15
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude359 kilometres (223 mi)
Apogee altitude382 kilometres (237 mi)
Inclination51.60 degrees
Period92.0 min
Docking with Mir
Docking portSO starboard
Docking date24 January 1998, 20:14:15 UTC
Undocking date29 January 1998, 16:56 UTC
Time docked4 days, 20 hours, 41 minutes 45 seconds

Left to right - Back row: Wolf, Sharipov, Reilly, Thomas, Anderson; Front row: Edwards, Wilcutt, Dunbar
← STS-87 (88)
STS-90 (90) →

STS-89 was a Space Shuttle mission to the Mir space station flown by Space Shuttle Endeavour, and launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida on 22 January 1998.


Position Launching Astronaut Landing Astronaut
Commander United States Terrence W. Wilcutt
Third spaceflight
Pilot United States Joe F. Edwards, Jr.
Only spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 United States James F. Reilly, II
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 United States Michael P. Anderson
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3 United States Bonnie J. Dunbar
Fifth and last spaceflight
Mission Specialist 4 Russia Salizhan Sharipov, RKA
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 5 Australia/United States Andrew S. W. Thomas
Second spaceflight
United States David A. Wolf
Second spaceflight

Crew notes[edit]

STS-89 was originally scheduled to return Wendy B. Lawrence but returned David A. Wolf (Mir 24–25 / STS-86) and left Andrew Thomas on Mir. Thomas returned on STS-91.

Mission highlights[edit]

The space shuttle Endeavour launches on STS-89, lighting up the night time sky on its way to Mir.
STS-89 launch

STS-89 launched on January 22, 1998 and was the eighth of nine planned missions to Mir and the fifth involving an exchange of U.S. astronauts. Astronaut David Wolf, who had been on Mir since late September 1997, was replaced by Astronaut Andrew Thomas. Thomas spent approximately 4 months on the orbiting Russian facility before returning to Earth when Discovery docked to Mir in late May during STS-91.

Endeavour lands at Kennedy Space Center, 31 January 1998.

During the mission, more than 3,175 kilograms (7,000 lb) of experiments, supplies and hardware were transferred between the two spacecraft.

Experiments and payloads[edit]

SPACEHAB Payloads included the Advanced X-Ray Detector (ADV XDT), Advanced Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus (ADV CGBA), EORF, Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) Experiment, Intra-Vehicular Radiation Environment Measurements by the Real-Time Radiation Monitor (RME-1312), Space Acceleration Measurement System (SAMS), VOA and the Volatile Removal Assembly prototype for the ISS Water Recovery System.

In-cabin payloads included the Microgravity Plant Nutrient Experiment (MPNE), Shuttle Ionospheric Modification with Pulsed Local Exhaust (SIMPLEX), Closed Equilibrated Biological Aquatic System (CEBAS), TeleMedicine Instrumentation Pack (TMIP), Global Positioning System Development Test Objective (GPS DTO), Human Performance (HP) Experiment, MSD, EarthKAM, Orbiter Space Vision System (OSVS) Shuttle Condensate Collection (RME-1331), Thermo-Electric Holding Module (TEHM), Space Linear Acceleration Mass Measurement Device (DSO 914), Co-Culture Experiments (CoCult) and the Biochemistry of 3-D Tissue Engineering (BIO3D).

Getaway Special experiments included the University of Michigan G-093 – Vortex Ring Transit Experiment (VORTEX), the German Aerospace Center and University Giessen G-141 – Structure of Marangoni Convection in Floating Zones Payload, the German Aerospace Center and the Technical University of Clausthal G-145 Glass Fining Experiment and the Chinese Academy of Sciences G-432 canister containing 5 crystal growth and material sciences experiments.

Mission insignia[edit]

The insignia depicts Endeavour docked to Mir above the planet Earth. The white inside line in the shape of the number eight and the nine stars symbolize the flight's numerical designation in the Space Transportation System's mission sequence. The International Space Station is in the background.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]