STXBP5

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
STXBP5
Protein STXBP5 PDB 1urq.png
Identifiers
Aliases STXBP5, LGL3, LLGL3, Nbla04300, syntaxin binding protein 5
External IDs MGI: 1926058 HomoloGene: 16402 GeneCards: STXBP5
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_001127715
NM_139244

NM_001081344
NM_030191

RefSeq (protein)

NP_001121187
NP_640337

NP_001074813

Location (UCSC) Chr 6: 147.2 – 147.39 Mb Chr 10: 9.76 – 9.9 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]
Wikidata
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

Syntaxin-binding protein 5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the STXBP5 gene.[3][4][5]

Function[edit]

Syntaxin 1 is a component of the 7S and 20S SNARE complexes which are involved in docking and fusion of synaptic vesicles with the presynaptic plasma membrane. This gene encodes a syntaxin 1 binding protein. In rat, a similar protein dissociates syntaxin 1 from the Munc18/n-Sec1/rbSec1 complex to form a 10S complex, an intermediate which can be converted to the 7S SNARE complex. Thus this protein is thought to be involved in neurotransmitter release by stimulating SNARE complex formation. Alternatively spliced variants have been identified, but their biological validity has not been determined.[5]

Interactions[edit]

STXBP5 has been shown to interact with STX4[6] and STX1A.[3][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  2. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  3. ^ a b Fujita Y, Shirataki H, Sakisaka T, Asakura T, Ohya T, Kotani H, Yokoyama S, Nishioka H, Matsuura Y, Mizoguchi A, Scheller RH, Takai Y (Jun 1998). "Tomosyn: a syntaxin-1-binding protein that forms a novel complex in the neurotransmitter release process". Neuron. 20 (5): 905–15. doi:10.1016/S0896-6273(00)80472-9. PMID 9620695. 
  4. ^ Katoh M, Katoh M (Feb 2004). "Identification and characterization of human LLGL4 gene and mouse Llgl4 gene in silico". Int. J. Oncol. 24 (3): 737–42. doi:10.3892/ijo.24.3.737. PMID 14767561. 
  5. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: STXBP5 syntaxin binding protein 5 (tomosyn)". 
  6. ^ a b Widberg CH, Bryant NJ, Girotti M, Rea S, James DE (Sep 2003). "Tomosyn interacts with the t-SNAREs syntaxin4 and SNAP23 and plays a role in insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation". J. Biol. Chem. 278 (37): 35093–101. doi:10.1074/jbc.M304261200. PMID 12832401. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Olsen JV, Blagoev B, Gnad F, Macek B, Kumar C, Mortensen P, Mann M (2006). "Global, in vivo, and site-specific phosphorylation dynamics in signaling networks". Cell. 127 (3): 635–48. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.09.026. PMID 17081983. 
  • Widberg CH, Bryant NJ, Girotti M, Rea S, James DE (2003). "Tomosyn interacts with the t-SNAREs syntaxin4 and SNAP23 and plays a role in insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation". J. Biol. Chem. 278 (37): 35093–101. doi:10.1074/jbc.M304261200. PMID 12832401. 
  • Yokoyama S, Shirataki H, Sakisaka T, Takai Y (1999). "Three splicing variants of tomosyn and identification of their syntaxin-binding region". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 256 (1): 218–22. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1999.0300. PMID 10066450.