SUSE Linux Enterprise Server

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SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 installation DVD 20100429.jpg
Enterprise Server 11 installation discs
DeveloperSUSE
OS familyUnix-like
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Initial releaseAugust 31, 2000; 19 years ago (2000-08-31)
Latest release15[1] / July 16, 2018; 23 months ago (2018-07-16)
Marketing targetCommercial market (include mainframes, servers, workstations, supercomputers)
Available inMultilingual
Update methodZypper / YaST2
Package managerRPM Package Manager
PlatformsIA-32 (except SLES 12 and 15), x86-64, s390x, PowerPC, aarch32, aarch64
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux)
UserlandGNU
Default user interfaceGNOME[2][3]
LicenseGNU General Public License and various
Official websitewww.suse.com/products/server/

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a Linux-based operating system developed by SUSE. It is designed for servers, mainframes, and workstations but can be installed on desktop computers for testing as well. Major versions are released at an interval of 3–4 years, while minor versions (called "Service Packs") are released about every 12 months. SUSE Linux Enterprise products, including SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, receive more intense testing than the upstream openSUSE community product, with the intention that only mature, stable versions of the included components will make it through to the released enterprise product.

It is developed from a common code base with SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop and other SUSE Linux Enterprise products.

IBM's Watson was built on IBM's POWER7 systems using SLES.[4]

In March 2018, SUSE Product Manager Jay Kruemcke wrote in SUSE blog that SLES developers have ported SUSE Linux Enterprise Server to Raspberry Pi.[5]

History[edit]

SLES was developed based on SUSE Linux by a small team led by Marcus Kraft and Bernhard Kaindl as principal developer who were supported by Joachim "Jos" Schröder. It was first released on October 31, 2000 as a version for IBM S/390 mainframe machines.[6] In December 2000, the first enterprise client (Telia) was made public.[7] In April 2001, the first SLES for x86 was released.

From a business perspective, SLES is not only a technical offering, but also has entangled a commercial offering (services and support). The initial business model was inspired by recurrent charges established in the mainframe world at this time, and innovated by Jürgen Geck and Malcom Yates. Based on customer needs and feedback as well as other evolving Linux based offerings the business model has been reworked by different people in the subsequent years until today.

SLES version 9 (SLES 9) was released in August 2004. Service Pack 4 was released in December 2007. It was supported by hardware vendors including IBM, HP, Sun Microsystems, Dell, SGI, Lenovo, and Fujitsu Siemens Computers.[8][9][10][11][12]

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 (SLES 10) was released in July 2006,[13] and is also supported by the major hardware vendors. Service pack 4 was released in April 2011.[14] SLES 10 shared a common codebase with SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10—Novell's desktop distribution for business use—and other SUSE Linux Enterprise products.[15][16]

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 (SLES 11) was released on March 24, 2009[17] and included Linux kernel 2.6.27, Oracle Cluster File System Release 2, support for the OpenAIS cluster communication protocol for server and storage clustering, and Mono 2.0.[18][19][20] SLES 11 SP1 (released May 2010) rebased the kernel version to 2.6.32.[21] In February 2012, SLES 11 SP2 was released, based on kernel version 3.0.10.[22] SLES 11 SP2 included a Consistent Network Device Naming feature for Dell servers.[23]

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 (SLES 12) beta was made available on February 25, 2014,[24] and the final version was released on October 27, 2014.[25][26] SLES 12 SP1 was released on December 18, 2015.[27][28][29] SP1 added Docker, Shibboleth, Network Teaming, and JeOS images. SP2 was released November 11, 2016.[30][31][32] SP3 was released September 7, 2017.[33][34][35]

The SLES 13 and SLES 14 version numbers were skipped due to supersitions associated with those numbers in certain cultures.[36]

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15 (SLES 15) beta 1 was released on October 18, 2017,[37][38][39][40] and the final version was released on July 16, 2018.[1][41]

End-of-support schedule[edit]

Legacy versions of SUSE Linux Enterprise (SLES 9 and 10) had a ten year product lifecycle. Newer versions have a thirteen year product lifecycle (SLES 11, 12, and 15). The current support model consists of 10 years of general support from time of First Customer Shipment (FCS), followed by 3 years of Long Term Service Pack Support (LTSS).

SLES version FCS Release date[42] General Ends[42] LTSS Ends[43]
Old version, no longer maintained: first 31 October 2000 ? N/A
Old version, no longer maintained: 7 13 October 2001 ? N/A
Old version, no longer maintained: 8 1 October 2002 30 December 2007 30 December 2009
Old version, no longer maintained: 9 3 August 2004 31 August 2011 1 August 2014
Old version, no longer maintained: 10 17 June 2006 31 July 2013 30 July 2016
Older version, yet still maintained: 11 24 March 2009 31 March 2019 31 March 2022
Older version, yet still maintained: 12 27 October 2014 31 October 2024 31 October 2027
Current stable version: 15 16 July 2018 31 July 2028 31 July 2031
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still maintained
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

Version history[edit]

Release dates of SUSE Linux Enterprise Server versions:[44]

  • SuSE Linux Enterprise Server
    • for S/390, October 31, 2000
    • for Sparc and IA-32, April 2001[45]
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 7 (For first time, common codebase for all architectures (IA-32, Itanium, iSeries and pSeries, S/390 and zSeries 31-bit, zSeries 64-bit))
    • Initial release, October 13, 2001
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 8[46]
    • Initial release, October 2002
    • SP1
    • SP2
    • SP2a
    • SP3
    • SP4
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9
    • Initial release, 2004-08-03
    • SP1, 2005-01-19
    • SP2, 2005-07-07
    • SP3, 2005-12-22
    • SP4, 2007-12-12
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10
    • Initial release, 2006-06-17
    • SP1, 2007-06-18
    • SP2, 2008-05-19
    • SP3, 2009-10-12
    • SP4, 2011-04-12
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11
    • Initial release, 2009-03-24
    • SP1, 2010-06-02
    • SP2, 2012-02-15
    • SP3, 2013-07-01
    • SP4, 2015-07-16
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 13/14
    • Skipped
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15
    • Initial release, 2018-07-16
    • SP1, 2019-06-24

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b SUSE Introduces Multimodal OS to Bridge Traditional and Software-Defined Infrastructure - SUSE Communities
  2. ^ Vugt, Sander van (February 2007). The Definitive Guide to SUSE Linux Enterprise Server - Sander van Vugt - Google Books. ISBN 9781430203261. Retrieved 2017-03-06.
  3. ^ "DistroWatch.com: SUSE Linux Enterprise". Retrieved 2017-03-06.
  4. ^ Release Notes SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12, Novell, Inc., 2011-02-15, retrieved 2011-02-15
  5. ^ A small server for big companies – New Raspberry Pi support in SLES for ARM - SUSE Communities
  6. ^ "SuSE Linux for S/390 available today" (Press release). SuSE. October 31, 2000. Archived from the original on June 5, 2001. Retrieved 2017-09-06.
  7. ^ Gardiner, Joey (December 7, 2000). "Linux mainframe ousts Sun servers at Telia". silicon.com. Archived from the original on April 14, 2005. Retrieved 2006-11-15.
  8. ^ A First Look at Novell Linux Desktop 9 [LWN.net]
  9. ^ Novell Linux Desktop | Network World
  10. ^ Novell Linux Desktop 9: Grabbing a Part of the Enterprise, OSNews
  11. ^ Linux in Government: Linux Desktop Reviews, Part 2 - Novell Linux Desktop | Linux Journal
  12. ^ Novell serves up an operating system winner with SLES 9 | Network World
  13. ^ "Novell Delivers Next-Generation Platform for the Open Enterprise"
  14. ^ Novell Offers Industry's Longest Enterprise Linux Support Program
  15. ^ First Look: Novell's SLED 10, OSNews
  16. ^ First Look: Novell's SLED 10, pt. II, OSNews
  17. ^ Novell Ships SUSE Linux Enterprise 11
  18. ^ Morgan, Timothy Prickett (2008-03-25). "Novell Previews Features in SUSE Linux Enterprise 11". The Linux Beacon. Archived from the original on 2008-07-06.
  19. ^ SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 11: Lots of Tech but Short on Polish | ZDNet
  20. ^ SLED 11: a distro for businesses, not idealists • The Register
  21. ^ "Novell Announces SUSE Linux Enterprise 11 Service Pack 1".
  22. ^ "Release Notes for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 Service Pack 2". Novell. 2012-02-15.
  23. ^ Narendra K (July 2012). "Consistent Network Device Naming in Linux" (PDF). Dell Linux Engineering division. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
  24. ^ Suse Linux Enterprise 12 Beta available, retrieved 2014-05-27
  25. ^ SUSE Linux Enterprise 12 Now Available, retrieved 2014-11-30
  26. ^ Die Neuerungen von Suse Linux Enterprise 12 | c't Magazin
  27. ^ a b "SUSE Linux Enterprise 12 Service Pack 1 Now Available". SUSE. December 22, 2015. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  28. ^ a b "SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP1 Release Notes". SUSE. August 3, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  29. ^ a b "First Service Pack for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 Brings Docker and Shibboleth". softpedia. Retrieved 2015-12-21.
  30. ^ a b Raj Meel (November 8, 2016). "SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 Service Pack 2 – The Best Enterprise OS". SUSE. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  31. ^ a b "SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP2 Release Notes". SUSE. April 3, 2017. Retrieved April 17, 2017.
  32. ^ a b Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols (November 11, 2016). "SUSE Linux Enterprise 12 Service Pack 2 arrives". ZDNet. Retrieved April 17, 2017.
  33. ^ a b Raj Meel (September 7, 2017). "Announcing Service Pack 3 for SUSE Linux Enterprise 12". SUSE. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  34. ^ a b "SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP3 Release Notes". SUSE. September 7, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  35. ^ a b Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols (September 8, 2017). "SUSE Linux Enterprise 12 SP3 released". ZDNet. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  36. ^ SUSE Linux Enterprise turns 15: Look, Ma! A common code base
  37. ^ SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 Beta 1 is available! - SUSE Communities
  38. ^ SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 Reaches Beta: Using GNOME & Wayland, Linux 4.12 - Phoronix
  39. ^ Suse Linux Enterprise 15 Bridges Traditional, Software-Defined Systems | Enterprise | LinuxInsider
  40. ^ SUSE Linux Enterprise Server takes a big step forward | ZDNet
  41. ^ Release Notes | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15 GA
  42. ^ a b SLES Lifecycle Dates
  43. ^ SLES Long Term Service Pack Support
  44. ^ "Novell Support Lifecycle". Retrieved 2011-08-11.
  45. ^ "SuSE Linux Enterprise Server Now Available" (Press release). SuSE. 2001-03-24. Archived from the original on June 27, 2001. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
  46. ^ kernel in SLES
  47. ^ "SUSE Linux Enterprise 12 Now Available".
  48. ^ "Release Notes | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP4".
  49. ^ "Release Notes | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP5".

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]