SUSE Linux Enterprise Server

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SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Developer SUSE
OS family Unix-like
Working state Current
Source model Open source
Initial release August 31, 2000; 16 years ago (2000-08-31)
Latest release 12SP1 / December 18, 2015 (2015-12-18)[1]
Marketing target commercial market (include Mainframes, Servers, Workstations, Supercomputers)
Available in Multilingual
Update method Zypper/YaST2
Package manager RPM Package Manager
Platforms IA-32, x86-64, s390x, PowerPC, Itanium
Kernel type Monolithic (Linux)
Userland GNU
Default user interface KDE Plasma Desktop and GNOME
License GNU General Public License and Various.
Official website

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a Linux-based operating system developed by SUSE. It is designed for servers, mainframes, and workstations but can be installed on desktop computers for testing as well. Major versions are released at an interval of 3–4 years, while minor versions (called "Service Packs") are released about every 18 months. SUSE Linux Enterprise products, including SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, receive more intense testing than the openSUSE community product, with the intention that only mature, stable versions of the included components will make it through to the released enterprise product.

It is developed from a common code base with SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop and other SUSE Linux Enterprise products.


SLES has been developed based on SUSE Linux by a small team led by Marcus Kraft and Bernhard Kaindl as principal developer who was supported by Joachim Schröder. It was first released on October 31, 2000 as a version for IBM S/390 mainframe machines.[2] In December 2000, the first enterprise client (Telia) was made public.[3] In April 2001, the first SLES for x86 was released.

SLES version 9 was released in August 2004. Service Pack 4 was released in December 2007. It is supported by hardware vendors including IBM, HP, Sun Microsystems, Dell, SGI, Lenovo, and Fujitsu Siemens Computers.

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 was released in July 2006,[4] and is also supported by the major hardware vendors. Service pack 4 was released in April 2011.[5] SLES 10 shares a common codebase with SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10—Novell's desktop distribution for business use—and other SUSE Linux Enterprise products.

Enterprise Server 11 installation discs

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 was released on March 24, 2009[6] and included Linux kernel 2.6.27, Oracle Cluster File System Release 2, support for the OpenAIS cluster communication protocol for server and storage clustering, and Mono 2.0.[7] SLES 11 SP1 (released May 2010) rebased the kernel version to 2.6.32.[8] In February 2012, SLES 11 SP2 was released, based on kernel version 3.0.10.[9] SLES 11 SP2 included a Consistent Network Device Naming feature for Dell servers.[10]

IBM's Watson was built on IBM's Power7 systems using SLES.[11]

The SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 beta was made available on February 25, 2014,[12] and the final version was released on the 27th of October, 2014.[13] SLES 12 SP1 was released on 18 December 2015.[1] SP1 added Docker, Shibboleth, Network Teaming, and JeOS images.

Version history[edit]

Release dates of SUSE Linux Enterprise Server versions.[14]

  • SuSE Linux Enterprise Server
    • for S/390, October 31, 2000
    • for Sparc, April 2001
    • for IA32, April 2001[15]
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 7 (For first time, common codebase for all architectures (IA32, Itanium, iSeries and pSeries, S/390 and zSeries 31-Bit, zSeries 64-Bit))
    • Initial release, October 13, 2001
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 8[16]
    • Initial release, October 2002
    • SP1
    • SP2
    • SP2a
    • SP3
    • SP4
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9
    • Initial release, 2004-08-03
    • SP1, 2005-01-19
    • SP2, 2005-07-07
    • SP3, 2005-12-22
    • SP4, 2007-12-12
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10
    • Initial release, 2006-06-17
    • SP1, 2007-06-18
    • SP2, 2008-05-19
    • SP3, 2009-10-12
    • SP4, 2011-04-12
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11
    • Initial release, 2009-03-24
    • SP1, 2010-06-02
    • SP2, 2012-02-15
    • SP3, 2013-07-01
    • SP4, 2015-07-16
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12
    • Initial release, 2014-10-27[17]
    • SP1, 2016-01-12[18]

Hypervisor kernels supported[edit]

SLES 10:

SLES 11 SP1:

SLES 11 SP2:

See also[edit]


Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]