SV Austria Salzburg is an Austrian association football club, based in the city of Salzburg. The club was formed by some of the supporters of the original SV (Austria) Salzburg after it was renamed FC Red Bull Salzburg by new owners, who also changed the club's colours from its traditional violet and white to red and white. The club commenced participation in the seventh tier of Austria's national league system in 2006, then rose through four successive championships to the third tier, Regionalliga West, in 2010. In 2015, the club gained promotion to the Erste Liga, one tier below the Austrian Bundesliga.
The original club was formed in 1933. It was subject to a takeover by the Red Bull company in 2005. They renamed the club FC Red Bull Salzburg, changed the team colours and claimed that it was a new team. This caused a group of supporters, known as the "Violet-Whites", to want to preserve the 72-year-old traditions of their club, which they felt had been ignored by Red Bull.
Following the example set by AFC Wimbledon, AFC Telford United and F.C. United of Manchester, on 7 October 2005, the Violet-Whites successfully registered the old club's original name "SV Austria Salzburg" and the old club emblem. For the second half of the 2005-06 season SV Austria fielded a unified team with the football section of the PSV Schwarz-Weiß Salzburg, which played in the 1. Salzburg Landesliga, the fourth tier of Austrian football, but at the end of the season the PSV members voted against continuing the link. Thus, the Violet-Whites formed a completely new team, which entered 2. Klasse Nord, the seventh tier of Austrian football, for the 2006–07 season.
The first match of the relaunched SV Austria Salzburg was played on 29 July 2006 against Lieferinger SV, another Salzburg football club. SV Austria Salzburg won 6–0, and went on to win the championship and promotion to 1. Klasse Nord. This was the first of four successive championships & promotions for SV Austria Salzburg. They won the 1. Klasse Nord in 2007–08, the 2. Salzburg Landesliga in 2008–09 and the 1. Landesliga in 2009–10. The latter secured the club's promotion to Austria's third tier of football, the Regionalliga West for the 2010–11 season. The club finished fifth in the 2010-2011 season, and eighth in the 2011-2012 season. On the 2014-15 season, the club finally got promoted to the First League by winning the Regionalliga West, after a change in the rules that see an automatic promotion place for one of the Regionalligas being rotated each season.