SV Werder Bremen

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Werder Bremen
Full nameSportverein Werder Bremen
von 1899 e. V.
Nickname(s)Die Werderaner (The River Islanders)
Die Grün-Weißen (The Green-Whites)[1]
Short nameWerder, Bremen
Founded4 February 1899; 123 years ago (1899-02-04)
PresidentHubertus Hess-Grunewald
Head coachOle Werner
2021–222. Bundesliga, 2nd of 18 (promoted)
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Sportverein Werder Bremen von 1899 e. V. (German pronunciation: [ɛs faʊ̯ ˌvɛʁdɐ ˈbʁeːmən] (listen)), commonly known as Werder Bremen (pronounced [ˌvɛʁdɐ ˈbʁeːmən] (listen)), Werder (pronounced [ˈvɛʁdɐ] (listen)) or simply Bremen (pronounced [ˈbʁeːmən] (listen)), is a German professional sports club based in Bremen, Free Hanseatic City of Bremen. Founded on 4 February 1899, they are best known for their professional association football team, who compete in the Bundesliga, the first tier of the German football league system. Werder share the record for most seasons played in the Bundesliga with Bayern Munich, and are third in the all-time Bundesliga table, behind Bayern and Borussia Dortmund.[2]

Werder have been German champions four times, have won the DFB-Pokal six times, the DFL-Ligapokal once, the DFL-Supercup thrice, and the European Cup Winners' Cup once. The team's first major trophy came in the 1960–61 DFB-Pokal, a competition they last won in 2008–09. Their first German championship came in 1964–65, and their latest in 2003–04, when they won the double. In Europe, Werder won the 1992 European Cup Winners' Cup in a final against AS Monaco. They were runners-up in the 2008–09 UEFA Cup, losing against Shakhtar Donetsk in the final.

Since 1909, Werder have played at the Weserstadion. The team have a rivalry with fellow northern German club Hamburger SV, known as the Nordderby (English: North derby). In April 2022, Werder had 40,100 members.[3]


Historical chart of Werder's league performance

On 4 February 1899, FV Werder Bremen was founded by a group of 16-year-old students who had won a football, after they were victorious in a tug of war tournament.[4] The students took the name "Werder" from the German word for "river peninsula", which described the riverside field on which they played their first football games. The club's first match was played on 10 September 1899 against ASC 1898 Bremen, winning 1–0. In 1900, the team was represented at the founding of the German Football Association (DFB) at Leipzig. They then enjoyed some early success, winning a number of local championships. In 1903, all three Werder teams won their local league competitions. In these years, FV participated in qualification rounds for the national championships held by the Norddeutscher Fussball Verband (NFV), one of the seven major regional leagues after the turn of the century, but were unable to advance. Due to the club's early popularity, Werder became the first club in Bremen to charge spectators a fee to attend their games and to fence in their playing field.[4]

Steady growth after the First World War led the club to adopt other sports (athletics, baseball, chess, cricket, and tennis).[4] On 19 January 1920, the team adopted their current name; Sportverein Werder Bremen. Football remained the club's main sport, and in 1922, they became the first club in Bremen to hire a professional coach; Ferenc Kónya. The team made regular appearances in year-end NFV play-offs through the 1920s and on into the early 1930s, but did not enjoy any success. In the mid-1930s, striker Matthias Heidemann became the club's first international.[4]

In 1933, German football was re-organized by the Nazi's into 16 first tier divisions known as Gauligen, as Werder became part of Gauliga Niedersachsen. The team scored their first real successes, capturing division titles in 1934, 1936, and 1937, and participated for the first time in the national play-offs. The shape of the Gauligen changed through the course of the Second World War, and in 1939, the Gauliga Niedersachsen was split into two divisions. SV played in the Gauliga Niedersachsen/Nord where they captured a fourth title in 1942. In 1944–45, German football was suspended after only two matches. Like other organizations throughout Germany, the club was disbanded on the order of the occupying Allied authorities after the war. They re-constituted themselves on 10 November 1945 as Turn- und Sportverein Werder 1945 Bremen, which was changed to Sport-Club Grün-Weiß 99 Bremen on 4 February 1946. The team played in the Stadtliga Bremen, and after winning the competition, participated in the northern German championship, advancing to the quarter-finals. They were able to reclaim the name SV Werder on 25 March 1946 before taking part in the play-offs.[4]

In these years, professionals were not permitted to play in Germany, so it was normal for football players to take on other jobs, often with the club's local patron. In the case of Werder, a number of the players worked at the nearby Brinkmann tobacco factory, and so the side took on the nickname Texas 11 after one of the company's popular cigarette brands.[5]

Between the end of the Second World War and the formation of the Bundesliga in 1963, the club continued to perform, being recognized as one of the top two teams in northern Germany, along with Hamburger SV. In 1960–61, Werder managed to win their first DFB-Pokal, defeating 1. FC Kaiserslautern. The team consisted of future international Sepp Piontek, former international Willi Schröder, and Arnold Schütz, among others.[6] A second place in the 1962–63 Oberliga Nord, behind Hamburger SV, was enough to qualify as a founder member for the 1963–64 Bundesliga.[7] The first goal of the newly created Bundesliga was scored by Borussia Dortmund's Friedhelm Konietzka against Werder.[8] In the league's second season, Werder won their first national championship, finishing three points clear of 1. FC Köln.[9] One of the team's stars was German international Horst-Dieter Höttges.[10] Werder finished runners-up in 1967–68, but then languished in the bottom half of the table for a dozen years.

In April 1971, in an away match at Borussia Mönchengladbach, Bundesliga history was created. In the 88th minute, Gladbach striker Herbert Laumen fell in Werder's goal, after a collision with Bremen goalkeeper Günter Bernard. The right goalpost subsequently broke, bringing the whole goal down, and could not be repaired nor replaced. The referee stopped the game at the score of 1–1, and the DFB later awarded the match to Werder with a score of 2–0. As a consequence, the wooden goals were replaced by aluminium ones.[11] An attempt to improve by signing high-priced players earned the team the derisive nickname of "Millionenelf" (English: "Million squad") and turned out to be an expensive failure. In 1979–80, the club was relegated from the Bundesliga for the first time, after a 17th-place finish.[12]

The team won the 1980–81 2. Bundesliga Nord title and were promoted back to the Bundesliga. Manager Otto Rehhagel was appointed in April 1981, and under his guidance, Werder recovered themselves, as Rehhagel subsequently led the side to a string of successes.[13] Bremen were Bundesliga runners-up in 1982–83, 1984–85 and 1985–86. In 1983 and 1986, the team lost the title both times on goal difference. In 1986, Werder hosted Bayern Munich in the penultimate match of the season; Bremen needed a win to secure their second Bundesliga title. In the 88th minute, with the score of 0–0, they were awarded a penalty kick, which Michael Kutzop took. He missed, as he hit the right goalpost; the game ended 0–0. Bayern won their last match, but Werder lost 1–2 to VfB Stuttgart, and Bayern took the title.[14] Werder won their second league title two years later, in 1987–88, only conceding a then-record 22 goals.[15] They also reached the semi-final of the 1987–88 UEFA Cup, in which they were eliminated by Bayer Leverkusen.[16] In the third round of the 1989–90 UEFA Cup, Bremen defeated defending champions Napoli and their star player Diego Maradona 8–3 on aggregate, after winning 5–1 at home.[17]

Werder reached the DFB-Pokal final in 1989 and 1990, and were victorious in 1991. This was followed by winning the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1991–92, beating AS Monaco 2–0 in the final.[18] In 1992–93, the team won their third Bundesliga title and won their third DFB-Pokal the following year. Werder became the first German club to reach the group stage in the newly re-branded UEFA Champions League in 1993–94.[19] That season saw a memorable comeback against Belgian club Anderlecht, later hailed as one of the examples of the "Wunder von der Weser" (English: "Wonder of the Weser").[20] Werder were trailing 3–0 after 66 minutes, as they managed to turn the game around and win 5–3. In this period, Werder had numerous internationals, including Mario Basler, Marco Bode, Andreas Herzog, Karl-Heinz Riedle, Wynton Rufer, and Rudi Völler among others.[21]

Bremen finished runners-up in the 1994–95 Bundesliga; at the end of the season, Rehhagel left the club for Bayern Munich, after a then-national record 14-year stint at the club.[22] As Werder's most successful manager, Rehhagel employed a "controlled offensive" style of play on a tight budget during his reign.[23] Rehhagel's successors (Aad de Mos, Dixie Dörner, Wolfgang Sidka, and Felix Magath) could not bring silverware to the club. In May 1999, former Werder defender and youth coach Thomas Schaaf took over. He kept the team in the Bundesliga, and won the DFB-Pokal only weeks later, defeating Bayern on penalties.[24]

Werder fans celebrating the team's 2008–09 DFB-Pokal triumph at the Bremen City Hall

Werder's league performance stabilized in the following seasons, as they regularly finished in the upper half of the table. In 2003–04, they won the double for the first time, winning both the Bundesliga and the DFB-Pokal, as Bremen became the third club in Bundesliga history to achieve this feat.[25] The team would also regularly qualify for the Champions League during the 2000s. In the last match of the 2005–06 Bundesliga season, Werder won 2–1 at arch-rivals Hamburger SV to qualify for the Champions League as runners-up, instead of Hamburg.[26] Bremen reached the semi-finals of the 2006–07 UEFA Cup, in which they were eliminated by Spanish club RCD Espanyol.[27] In 2008–09, Bremen struggled in their Bundesliga campaign, eventually finishing tenth, their worst league performance in more than a decade. Nevertheless, the club reached the UEFA Cup final, as well as the DFB-Pokal final. Werder lost the UEFA Cup final against Ukrainian team Shakhtar Donetsk; 1–2 after extra time. In the DFB-Pokal final, Bremen fared better, as they defeated Bayer Leverkusen by a scoreline of 1–0. In April and May 2009, Werder had played Hamburg four times in 19 days; once in the Bundesliga, in the semi-final of the DFB-Pokal, and twice in the semi-final of the UEFA Cup. Bremen defeated Hamburg 2–0 in the Bundesliga, and eliminated them from the DFB-Pokal and the UEFA Cup.[27]

During the 2000s and early 2010s, Werder had numerous players who were sold for large transfer fees, including Diego, Torsten Frings, Miroslav Klose, Mesut Özil, and Claudio Pizarro among others. In October 2010, Bremen's Pizarro became the then-record holder of highest foreign goal-scorer in Bundesliga history.[28] Uninspiring league finishes characterised the 2010s and in 2013, Schaaf left the club by mutual consent after a disappointing 14th place in the Bundesliga.[29] The 2015–16 season saw Werder avoiding the Bundesliga promotion-relegation play-offs, beating direct rivals Eintracht Frankfurt by a scoreline of 1–0 in the last match of the season, after a goal in the 88th minute.[30] In 2019–20, the team beat 1. FC Köln 6–1 on the last matchday to finish 16th, as rivals Fortuna Düsseldorf lost their match; however, Bremen had to play the promotion-relegation play-offs against 1. FC Heidenheim to avoid relegation.[31][32] The tie ended in a 2–2 draw on aggregate, as Werder won on the away goals rule and avoided relegation.[33] They finished 17th the following season, however, and were relegated to the 2. Bundesliga for the first time since the 1979–80 season.[34] The team finished runners-up in the 2021–22 2. Bundesliga and won promotion back to the Bundesliga after one season.[35]


Current squad[edit]

As of 30 August 2022[36][37]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK Czech Republic CZE Jiří Pavlenka
3 DF Germany GER Anthony Jung
4 DF Germany GER Niklas Stark
5 DF Germany GER Amos Pieper
6 MF Denmark DEN Jens Stage
7 FW Germany GER Marvin Ducksch
8 DF Germany GER Mitchell Weiser
9 FW Scotland SCO Oliver Burke
10 MF Germany GER Leonardo Bittencourt
11 FW Germany GER Niclas Füllkrug
13 DF Serbia SRB Miloš Veljković
19 MF Togo TOG Dikeni Salifou
20 MF Austria AUT Romano Schmid
21 FW Germany GER Eren Dinkçi
No. Pos. Nation Player
22 MF Germany GER Niklas Schmidt
23 MF Germany GER Nicolai Rapp
24 MF Germany GER Benjamin Goller
26 DF England ENG Lee Buchanan
27 DF Germany GER Felix Agu
28 MF Bulgaria BUL Ilia Gruev
30 GK Germany GER Michael Zetterer
32 DF Austria AUT Marco Friedl (captain)
34 MF Germany GER Jean-Manuel Mbom
36 DF Germany GER Christian Groß
37 GK Germany GER Mio Backhaus
38 GK Germany GER Dudu Haesler
39 DF Italy ITA Fabio Chiarodia
40 GK Germany GER Louis Lord

Players out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
DF South Korea KOR Park Kyu-hyun (to Dynamo Dresden until 30 June 2023)
DF Germany GER Dominik Becker (to 1. FC Saarbrücken until 30 June 2023)
MF Germany GER Oscar Schönfelder (to Jahn Regensburg until 30 June 2023)
MF Germany GER Yannik Engelhardt (to SC Freiburg II until 30 June 2023)
No. Pos. Nation Player
FW Germany GER Nick Woltemade (to SV Elversberg until 30 June 2023)
FW Germany GER Justin Njinmah (to Borussia Dortmund II until 30 June 2023)
FW Germany GER Abdenego Nankishi (to Heracles Almelo until 30 June 2023)

Reserve team[edit]

Notable players[edit]

Retired numbers[edit]


Otto Rehhagel (2009 photograph) is the club's longest serving manager

Werder have had 24 different managers since the beginning of the Bundesliga era in 1963. Otto Rehhagel served the longest term, being in office for fourteen years. Hans Tilkowski, Willi Multhaup, Rudi Assauer, and Otto Rehhagel served two terms each, while Fritz Langner served three.[13]

Name Date Notes
Germany Willi Multhaup 1 July 1963 – 30 June 1965
Germany Günter Brocker 1 July 1965 – 4 September 1967
Germany Fritz Langner 9 September 1967 – 30 June 1969
Germany Richard Ackerschott 2 March 1968 –19 October 1968 Replacement for Fritz Langner in four Bundesliga matches
Germany Fritz Rebell 1 July 1969 – 16 March 1970
Germany Hans Tilkowski 17 March 1970 – 30 June 1970
Germany Robert Gebhardt 1 July 1970 – 28 September 1971
Germany Willi Multhaup 28 September 1971 – 24 October 1971
Germany Sepp Piontek 25 October 1971 – 30 June 1975
Germany Fritz Langner 8 May 1972 – 30 June 1972 Replacement for Sepp Piontek in two Bundesliga matches
Germany Herbert Burdenski 1 July 1975 – 28 February 1976
Germany Otto Rehhagel 29 February 1976 – 30 June 1976
Germany Hans Tilkowski 1 July 1976 – 19 December 1977
Germany Rudi Assauer 20 December 1977 – 31 December 1977
Germany Fred Schulz 1 January 1978 – 30 June 1978
Germany Wolfgang Weber 1 July 1978 – 28 January 1980
Germany Rudi Assauer 29 January 1980 – 20 February 1980
Germany Fritz Langner 21 February 1980 – 30 June 1980
Germany Kuno Klötzer 1 July 1980 – 1 April 1981
Germany Otto Rehhagel 2 April 1981 – 30 June 1995
Netherlands Aad de Mos 1 July 1995 – 9 January 1996
Germany Hans-Jürgen Dörner 14 January 1996 – 20 August 1997
Germany Wolfgang Sidka 21 August 1997 – 20 October 1998
Germany Felix Magath 22 October 1998 – 8 May 1999
Germany Thomas Schaaf 9 May 1999 – 15 May 2013
Germany Wolfgang Rolff 15 May 2013 – 25 May 2013 Caretaker manager for one Bundesliga match
Germany Robin Dutt 1 June 2013 – 25 October 2014
Ukraine Viktor Skrypnyk 25 October 2014 – 18 September 2016
Germany Alexander Nouri 18 September 2016 – 30 October 2017
Germany Florian Kohfeldt 30 October 2017 – 16 May 2021
Germany Thomas Schaaf 16 May 2021 – 30 June 2021 Caretaker manager for one Bundesliga match
Germany Markus Anfang 1 July 2021 – 20 November 2021
Austria Danijel Zenković 20 November 2021 – 28 November 2021 Caretaker manager for one match
Germany Ole Werner 28 November 2021 –

Coaching staff[edit]

Position Staff[39][40]
Manager Ole Werner
Assistant manager Patrick Kohlmann
Assistant manager Hannes Drews
Assistant manager Tom Cichon
Goalkeeping coach Christian Vander
Director of football Tim Barten
Team manager Dustin Haloschan
Athletic coach Günther Stoxreiter
Athletic coach Henrik Frach
Rehab coach Marcel Abanoz
Club doctor Dr. Daniel Hellermann
Dr. Christoph Engelke
Georg Tsironis
Physio Claas Bente
Florian Lauerer
Adis Lovic
Laura Kersting
Chief analyst Sören Quittkat
Equipment manager Boban Aleric

Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors[edit]

Period Kit Manufacturer[41] Shirt sponsor Branch
1971–1973 City of Bremen
1975–76 Puma
1976–1978 Norda Tinned fish
1978–1981 Puma Pentax Photocameras
1981–1984 Olympia Writing machines
1984–1986 Trigema Sportswear
1986–1992 Portas Kitchens and doors Renovation
1992–1997 dbv-Winterthur Insurance
1997–2000 Telecommunications
2000–01 Kappa QSC
2002–2004 Young Spirit Shoes
2004–2006 KiK Textil discount
2006–07 bwin Sport betting
2007–2009* Citibank/Targobank Financial services
2009–2012 Nike
2012–2018 Wiesenhof Poultry farming and processing
2018– Umbro
  • * In the 2008–09 Bundesliga season, during the transition of the German branch of Citibank to Targobank, following its takeover by Credit Mutuel, Werder Bremen sported on the shirts the transitional message "So Geht Bank Heute" (English: "That's how banking is done today").[42]


Werder Bremen have used several different crests during their history. Their first crest was created in 1900; a monogram, which spelled "FVW", as the club was then known as "FV Werder Bremen".[43] The logo was replaced in 1902 by a green-coloured crest, which spelled the founding year 1899 in the top left corner, "F.V.W." diagonally in the middle, and "Bremen" in the bottom right corner. It was modified in 1911, as the inscriptions were placed diagonally, and the badge's colours became black with a green stripe that crossed it, along with a change in the crest's outline. In 1924, a green-coloured (with a white outline), oval-shaped crest with a large white-coloured "W" was created. The oval shape was changed into a diamond shape in 1929, to create the club's current crest, save for a spell in the early 1970s when the coat of arms of Bremen was used.[43][44] In addition, a star is displayed above the crest on the team's shirts to represent their four Bundesliga titles.[45]


The Weserstadion photographed in 2006

Werder have played their home games at the same location since 1909.[46] That year saw the construction of a shared sports venue with a wooden grandstand, built by the Allgemeinen Bremer Turn- und Sportverein. In 1926, the stadium was renovated; a new grandstand with dressing rooms and a restaurant were constructed, costing 1,250,000 RM. At the time, the venue was known as the "ATSB-Kampfbahn", and was also used for political mass gatherings. In 1930, it was called the "Weserstadion" for the first time. Five years later, the stadium was known as the "Bremer Kampfbahn", and in the following years it was mostly used by the Nazi Party, as sporting activities were rarely practiced. In the first years after the Second World War, only American sports like baseball and American football were practiced at the venue (now known as the "IKE-Stadium"). In 1947, the stadium was reopened as a shared sports venue and took its former name "Weserstadion".[46]

Following Werder's first Bundesliga title in 1965, the corner stands were expanded with a second tier, enlarging the capacity in the process. In 1992, Bremen became the first German club to install skyboxes in their stadium. Six years later, in 1998, under-soil heating was implemented. In 2002, the cinder track was removed, thereby expanding the capacity. From 2008 to 2011, the venue was completely rebuilt. The façade was coated with photovoltaic panels and a new roof was built on top of the old roof supporting structure (the old roof itself was torn down). Both ends (east and west) were torn down and rebuilt parallel to the endline of the pitch, removing what was left of the old athletics track.[46] The current capacity is 42,100.[47]

Supporters and rivals[edit]

Werder fans at a home match in 2006

Werder Bremen have a long-standing rivalry with fellow northern German club Hamburger SV, known as the Nordderby (English: North derby).[48][49] It goes beyond football, as there is also a historic rivalry between the cities of Hamburg and Bremen, dating back to the Middle Ages.[49] The cities are only separated by a hundred kilometers and they are also the two biggest metropolises in northern Germany. Bayern Munich are another rival, dating back to the 1980s, when both clubs were competing for domestic honours.[50] Bremen have developed a recent dislike of Schalke 04, after they have poached some of Werder's top players over the years (including Aílton, Fabian Ernst, Mladen Krstajić, Oliver Reck, Frank Rost, and Franco Di Santo).[51]

Werder have seven ultra groups: "Wanderers-Bremen",[52] "The Infamous Youth",[53] "Caillera",[54] "L'Intesa Verde",[55] "HB Crew",[56] "Ultra Boys",[57] and "UltrA-Team Bremen".[58] Werder fans maintain friendly relationships with Rot-Weiss Essen,[59] Austrian club SK Sturm Graz,[60] and Israeli clubs Maccabi Haifa,[61] and Hapoel Katamon Jerusalem.[62]

The official anthem of Werder Bremen is "Lebenslang Grün-Weiß" by Bremen-based band Original Deutschmacher, which is also sung before every home game.[63] After each Bremen goal, the song I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles) by The Proclaimers is played, preceded by the sound of a ship's horn.[64]


Werder's honours include the following:[13][47][65]



2. Bundesliga





  • Winners: 1989
  • Runners-up: 1991, 2001


Gauliga Niedersachsen[70]

  • Winners: 1933–34, 1935–36, 1936–37, 1941–42
  • Runners-up: 1934–35


European Cup Winners' Cup


European Super Cup[18]

UEFA Intertoto Cup

Kirin Cup[71]

  • Winners: 1982, 1986


German amateur football championship[72]

  • Winners: 1965–66, 1984–85, 1990–91
  • Runners-up: 1981–82, 1992–93

Under 19 Bundesliga

  • Winners: 1998–99
  • Runners-up: 1993–94, 1999–2000

Under 19 Bundesliga North/Northeast

  • Winners: 2006–07, 2008–09, 2015–16


Bremen Cup[73]

  • Winners (20): 1969, 1971, 1976, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2007


SV Werder Bremen in Europe[edit]

Competition[74] P W D L
UEFA Champions League 66 27 14 25
UEFA Europa League 99 46 24 29
UEFA Super Cup 2 0 1 1
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 21 11 3 7
UEFA Intertoto Cup 22 14 4 4

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jägerskiöld Nilsson, Leonard (2019). Dein Verein – Dein Wappen: Geschichten zu den Emblemen von Fußballvereinen weltweit (in German). Stiebner Verlag GmbH. p. 12. ISBN 9783767912397.
  2. ^ Pietarinen, Heikki (25 July 2019). "Germany – Bundesliga All-Time Tables 1963/64-2018/19". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  3. ^ "SV Werder Bremen - Profil". (in German). Retrieved 26 April 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d e "1899–1947". (in German). Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  5. ^ Grüne, Hardy (4 March 2013). "Texas-Elf: Werders Neuanfang mit Tabak". (in German). Retrieved 15 May 2020.
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  8. ^ Childs, David (15 March 2012). "Timo Konietzka: Footballer andeuthanasia advocate". The Independent. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
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  29. ^ Raish, Dave (15 May 2013). "Thomas Schaaf and Werder Bremen part ways". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  30. ^ Stöckel, Daniel (14 May 2016). "Werder schafft den direkten Klassenerhalt". (in German). Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  31. ^ "6:1! Werder rettet sich in die Relegation". Bild (in German). 27 June 2020. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
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  33. ^ "1. FC Heidenheim 1846 2–2 Werder Bremen: Bremen avoid Bundesliga relegation". BBC Sport. 6 July 2020. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  34. ^ Heidrich, Matthias (22 May 2021). "Grün-Weiß trägt Trauer! Werder Bremen steigt aus der Bundesliga ab" [Green-white mourns! Werder Bremen are relegated from the Bundesliga]. NDR (in German). Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  35. ^ "Welcome back to the Bundesliga, Werder Bremen!". Bundesliga. 15 May 2022. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
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  37. ^ "New numbers". SV Werder Bremen. 17 July 2021. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
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  40. ^ "Unser Betreuerstab". (in German). Retrieved 3 August 2022.
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  42. ^ Esch, Franz-Rudolf; Kernstock, Joachim; Langner, Tobias; Redler, Jörn; Tomczak, Torsten (2014). Corporate Brand Management: Marken als Anker strategischer Führung von Unternehmen (in German). Springer-Verlag. pp. 146–147. ISBN 9783834938626.
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