Sa'dabad Complex

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Sa'dabad Complex
Majmue ye Sa’dābād
Mellat Palace Museum 02.jpg
The White Palace
Sa'dabad Complex is located in Tehran
Sa'dabad Complex
Location in Tehran
General information
Architectural styleNeoclassical
AddressDarband, Zafaraniyeh, Tajrish, Valiasr Street
Town or cityTehran
CountryIran
Coordinates35°49′00″N 51°25′21″E / 35.816664°N 51.422539°E / 35.816664; 51.422539
Current tenantsPresident of Iran
Construction started1921
Design and construction
ArchitectHossein Behzad

The Sa'dabad Complex (Persian: مجموعه سعدآبادMajmue ye Sa’dābād) is a 110 hectare complex built by the Qajar and Pahlavi monarchs, located in Shemiran, Greater Tehran, Iran. Today, the official residence of the President of Iran is located adjacent to the complex.

The complex includes more than 180 hectares of natural forest, streets, qanats, galleries, mansions/palaces and museums.

History[edit]

The complex was initially built and inhabited by Qajar dynasty of monarchs in the 19th century. After extensive expansions, Reza Shah of the Pahlavi Dynasty resided there in the 1920s. His son, Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, moved there in the 1970s. In 1978, President Jimmy Carter stayed in the palace during a visit to Pahlavi Iran to guarantee U.S. support for the regime.[1] After the 1979 Revolution, the complex became a public museum.

Present use[edit]

Large parts of the complex are museums, which are accessible to visitors. Other parts are currently used by the Office of the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The complex is operated by the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran which is responsible for most of the artifacts, locations, and cultural aspects of the country.

Sites[edit]

Gates to the complex[edit]

  • Nezamie Gate, from which Reza Shah would enter the complex.
  • Zaferanie Gate, Currently used by the presidency organization.
  • Gate of Darband Street, from which the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi would enter the complex.
  • Gate of Darband Square
  • Ja'far Abad Gate (1st)
  • Ja'far Abad Gate (2nd)
  • River Gate
  • The White House Gate

Main buildings[edit]

Depictions of Persian mythology in the White House.
(not to be confused with the Pavilion of Ahmad Shah Qajar in the Niavaran Complex)
  • The Green Palace
(also known as the Shahvand House)
  • The Mellat Museum
The White Palace, former official residence of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Empress Farah Diba.
  • Museum of Natural History
The Special Palace, currently used by the presidency organization.
  • Museum of Fine Arts
The Black Palace
  • Museum of Anthropology
Princess Shams Palace, named after Shams Pahlavi.
  • Museum of Glassware and Handicrafts
Princess Ashraf Palace, named after the sister of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
  • Building of the Amendment 36 (a governmental agency)
Prince Gholam Reza palace, named after Gholam Reza Pahlavi.
  • Palace of the King Mother
Currently used by the presidency organization.
  • Prince Ahmad Reza Palace, named after 2nd son of Reza Shah
Currently used by the presidency organization.
  • Administration of the complex
Prince Abdol Reza Palace, named after Abdul Reza Pahlavi, the son of Reza Shah.
  • The Training Center
Prince Bahman Palace, named after the son of Gholam Reza Pahlavi.
  • The Military Museum
Prince Shahram Palace, named after the son of Ashraf Pahlavi.
  • Museum of Artistic Creatures
Palace of Farideh Ghotbi, mother of Empress Farah Diba.
  • The Behzad Museum
1st Palace of Reza Pahlavi, named after Reza Pahlavi II.
  • Museum of Treasure (The Dafine Museum)
2nd Palace of Reza Pahlavi, currently used by the presidency organization.
  • Museum of Mir Emad Calligraphy
Palace of Princess Farahnaz and Prince Ali Reza, named after Farahnaz and Ali Reza, children of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
  • The Abkar Museum
Princess Leila Palace, named after Leila Pahlavi.

Palace of the King's mother[edit]

During the Pahlavi period, this palace was the place of the last years of Reza Shah's life before his exile to Mauritius; and also, the place of residence of the king's mother (Taj al-Muluk) until the time of the 1979 Revolution. This palace is currently in the possession of the Presidential Institution of Iran and is reserved for special guests of the Government of Iran; and for this reason it is also famous as "The Republic Building". This palace is also currently inaccessible to the public.[2]

The green palace[edit]

We can boldly call the Green Museum Palace the most beautiful palace in Iran! This palace is very important due to its great historical and architectural importance; because it dates back to the Qajar period and has two styles of Iranian architecture. They called this palace "The Stone Palace" during the reign of Reza Khan and "The Shahvand palace" during the reign of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi; and later, they called it "The Green Palace" because of its green façade.[3]

The Mellat Museum[edit]

The Palace of the Nation Museum with an area of 7,000 square meters is the largest palace in Sa'dabad complex; and was also famous as "The White House" due to its white facade. Other names of this palace during different years were: The King's Palace, The Private Palace and The Private White House. Until after the 1979 revolution and the transfer of the complex to the Cultural Heritage Organization, it was renamed "The Palace of the Nation Museum" (Mellat museum in Persian). The construction of the Palace, began in the late Pahlavi period.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Collins, N.W. (2021). Grey wars : a contemporary history of U.S. special operations. New Haven. ISBN 978-0-300-25834-9. OCLC 1255527666.
  2. ^ "Sa'dabad Complex | A Tehran's most beautiful historical attraction!". ir Persiatour. 2022-05-18. Retrieved 2022-06-07.
  3. ^ "Sa'dabad Complex | A Tehran's most beautiful historical attraction!". ir Persiatour. 2022-05-18. Retrieved 2022-06-07.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°49′02″N 51°25′24″E / 35.817252°N 51.423451°E / 35.817252; 51.423451