Ṣa‘īdi Arabic (Sa'idi Arabic: صعيدى, locally: , [sˤɑˈʕiːdi] Egyptian Arabic: ; also known as [sˤeˈʕiːdi] Saidi Arabic and  Upper Egypt Arabic ) is an  Egyptian variety of the Arabic language spoken by Ṣa‘īdis south of Cairo, Egypt to the border of Sudan. It shares linguistic features both with  Egyptian Arabic, as well as Classical Arabic of the Quran. Dialects include Middle and Upper Egyptian Arabic. Speakers of Egyptian Arabic do not always understand more conservative varieties of Ṣa‘īdi Arabic. 
Ṣa‘īdi Arabic carries little
prestige nationally, though it continues to be widely spoken, including in the north by rural migrants who have partially adapted to Egyptian Arabic. For example, the Ṣa‘īdi genitive exponent is usually replaced with Egyptian bitāʿ, but the realisation of / as q/ [ is retained (normally realised in Egyptian Arabic as ɡ] [). Second and third-generation Ṣa‘īdi migrants are ʔ] monolingual in Egyptian Arabic, but maintain cultural and family ties to the south.
Phonology [ edit ]
Consonants [ edit ]
Ṣa‘īdi Arabic has the following consonants:
^* / may also be realised as d͡ʒ/ [ or ʒ] [. For the latter case, it collapses with d] /d/.
^ Sa'idi Arabic at (18th ed., 2015) Ethnologue
^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Saidi Arabic". . Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. Glottolog 3.0
^ "a" (PDF). The Linguasphere Register. p. 128 . Retrieved . 1 March 2013
^ ISO 639-3 spelling
^ "Arabic, Sa’idi Spoken". Ethnologue . Retrieved . 1 March 2013
^ Versteegh, p. 163
^ Raymond G. Gordon, Jr, ed. 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 15th edition. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
^ Khalafallah 1969
References [ edit ]
Khalafallah, Abdelghany A. 1969.
A Descriptive Grammar of Sa'i:di Egyptian Colloquial Arabic. Janua Linguarum, Series Practica 32. The Hague: Mouton.
Versteegh, Kees (2001). The Arabic Language. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 0-7486-1436-2.
External links [ edit ]