|Born||December 17, 1964|
Saïd Djabelkhir, born on December 17, 1964, at Boufarik, is an Algerian journalist and an Islamic scholar specializing in Sufism. In 2021, he was sentenced to prison on the charge of "offending Islam".
After that, he worked as a journalist at El Khabar and Parcours maghrébin. He then took charge of the cultural section in Arabic-speaking dailies: El-Fadjr, Djazair News and Echourouk. Saïd Djabelkhir was then a journalist for the Emirati daily: El-Khalidj. He contributed to articles on Sufism in the Algerian press, for example in El Watan.
In 2014, he founded the “Circle of Lights for Free Thought” (Moultaqa al Anouar), which invites thinkers to give lectures on religion, history, culture and Algerian society. He is particularly concerned about the issue of the diversity of society: "la démocratisation, la condition des femmes, l’école, la nécessité de préserver le religieux des manipulations" ("democratization, the condition of women, school, the need to protect religion from manipulation").
He campaigns for an update of the interpretation of the Quran: "Ce sont des textes qui ont été édictés dans un contexte historique bien défini. Ces textes répondent à des besoins anciens" ("These are texts that were enacted in a well-defined historical context. These texts respond to ancient needs.")
Threats because of his views
On his Facebook page, he shares his analyses and critiques of various aspects of Islam and Algerian society. Calling himself a supporter of an "Enlightenment Islam", he attacks the dogmatic reading of religious texts by the Salafis and the Wahhabis. He holds that it is necessary, when reading the Qu'ran, to distinguish between history and myths, and that much of the Quranic stories must be taken from a symbolic point of view. He speaks out for a separation of politics and religion in Algeria, whose official religion is Islam.
In May 2019, he declared that fasting in Ramadan was not an Islamic obligation, which earned him death threats from Islamists. He has supported the right to celebrate Yennayer, the Berber New Year. Saïd has said that the ritual sacrifice of the sheep and the pilgrimage to Mecca existed before Islam and therefore have a pagan origin.
Sentenced to jail
In April 2021 he was sentenced to three years in prison and a fine for "offending islam" by the Sidi M'Hamed court. The trial took place after a computer teacher filed a complaint because he felt offended by the remarks of the Islamologist. He appealed this decision. But the new trial, scheduled for July, was postponed in September, due to the absence of the complainant.
After the trial, he said to the AFP French agency: "The fight for freedom of conscience is non-negotiable. It is a fight which must continue."
He received support from Amnesty International who described this sentence as "outrageous", from the Algerian League for the Defense of Human Rights, and the Humanist international association. Razika Adnani, a writer, islamologist and philosopher wrote an article titled "Is Algeria struck by the curse?". The verdict generated reactions also in France, as Ghaleb Bencheikh, the President of the Foundation for the Islam of France, said he was scandalized.
(ar) Sufim and creation (El Mahroussa, Cairo 2007)
(ar) Sufism, religion and religious referent (Fairouz, 2010)
(ar) The Sufi Confraternities in Algeria, (Fairouz, Algeria 2011)
- "Renowned Algerian scholar sentenced for offending Islam, granted bail". Africanews. 2021-04-22. Retrieved 2021-07-15.
- "La condamnation de l'islamologue Saïd Djabelkhir marque la dérive rigoriste de la justice algérienne". Le Monde.fr (in French). 2021-04-30. Retrieved 2021-07-25.
- "Saïd Djabelkhir, journaliste et chercheur algérien en soufisme : Les Soufis, gardiens de notre patrimoine et de notre mémoire". www.lemague.net (in French). 2007. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
- Meddi, Adlène (2017-06-29). "Saïd Djabelkhir : "L'État algérien fait dans la récupération du public islamiste"". Le Point (in French). Retrieved 2021-07-25.
- "Saïd Djabelkhir". Humanists International. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
- "La confrérie Rahmania, un courant de l'islam pratique". www.elwatan.com. 2019-06-06. Retrieved 2021-07-25.
- Zemirli, Zohra Aziadé (2019-12-10). "Quelle place pour le pluralisme religieux dans le mouvement de protestation algérien de 2019 ?". L'Année du Maghreb (in French) (21): 91–104. doi:10.4000/anneemaghreb.5231. ISSN 1952-8108.
- Benzenine, Belkacem (2018-06-18). "La panique morale au cœur du débat sur la peine de mort en Algérie". L'Année du Maghreb (in French) (18): 93–110. doi:10.4000/anneemaghreb.3574. ISSN 1952-8108.
- "Algérie : un universitaire poursuivi pour offense à l'islam". Franceinfo (in French). 2021-02-11. Retrieved 2021-07-21.
- "Algerian author Said Djabelkhir sentenced to jail for offending Islam". BBC News. 2021-04-22. Retrieved 2021-07-21.
- "Threatened for calling for 'separation of mosque and state'". Algiers Herald. 2019-05-30. Retrieved 2021-07-21.
- "Algerian professor gets 3-year jail term for offending Islam". ABC News. 2021-04-22. Retrieved 2021-07-25.
- "Algérie: le chercheur Djabelkhir rejugé en septembre pour offense à l'islam". h24info.ma (in French). 2021-07-07. Retrieved 2021-07-25.
- "Islamic scholar sentenced to three years in prison in Algeria". www.amnesty.org. 2021-04-22. Retrieved 2021-07-25.
- Adnani, Razika (2021-04-22). "Is Algeria struck by the curse?". razika-adnani.com.
- "Affaire Djabelkhir, MBS, immigration : entretien avec Ghaleb Bencheikh". TSA (in French). 2021-05-10. Retrieved 2021-07-25.
- "L'islamologue Saïd Djabelkhir relaxé en appel". TSA (in French). 2023-02-01. Retrieved 2023-02-12.
- "Saïd Djabelkhir". Humanists International. Retrieved 2023-02-12.