Saša Janković

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Saša Janković
Sasa Jankovic Cropped.jpg
Ombudsman of the Republic of Serbia
In office
23 July 2007 – 7 February 2017
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Zoran Pašalić
Personal details
Born (1970-04-24) 24 April 1970 (age 48)
Loznica, SFR Yugoslavia
Nationality Serbian
Political party Movement of Free Citizens
Alma mater University of Belgrade
Awards French National Order of Merit

Saša Janković (Serbian Cyrillic: Саша Јанковић, pronounced [sâʃa jǎːŋkoʋit͜ɕ]; born 27 April 1970) is Serbian lawyer, journalist, human rights activist and politician who served as the National Ombudsman of the Republic of Serbia between 2007 and 2017. He resigned his post in February 2017 in order to run at the 2017 Serbian presidential election, where he came second with 16.36% of the vote. He is one of the founders and leader of newly formed Movement of Free Citizens, a centre-left political organization in Serbia.

Early life[edit]

Janković was born in Loznica, Serbia (then part of SFR Yugoslavia) on 24 April 1970. In his school years, he was a talented handball player, but also practiced karate and recreational archery.[1]

In a scenario of extraordinary circumstances, Janković lost citizenship in the newly-formed Federal Republic of Yugoslavia when war broke out in Yugoslav territories due to his father having been born in Bosnia and Herzegovina.[1] The new Yugoslav government listed Janković as a refugee when the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina formally declared independence from Yugoslavia.[1] Since Janković was born in Loznica, he tried to file a complaint to the Committee of Petitions and Appeals to correct his "refugee" status, but his complaint was ignored.[1] Due to his refugee status, Janković went into hiding for several months due to the prospect of being deported and sent to war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.[1] Prior to this, Janković was mobilized in Yugoslav Army and spent several months in a war during the war in Croatia.[2]

On April 1, 1993, Janković's school friend Predrag Gojković was found dead with a firearm in Janković's apartment.[3] Janković was not in the apartment at the time of Gojković's death, but a mutual friend was there and called the police.[4] An investigation was carried out by Yugoslavia's Ministry of Internal Affairs.[3] It was determined that Gojković committed suicide.[3] The investigation was re-opened on several occasions, during which Janković was interrogated and tested on a polygraph.[5]

In an interview with Peščanik Janković talked briefly about his life in Yugoslavia in the 1990s. He sold gasoline on the streets (not from a gas station) due to the sanctions against Yugoslavia.[6]

He graduated from the Faculty of Law of the University of Belgrade in 1996. He obtained a specialist degree from the Faculty of Political Sciences of the University of Belgrade in 2006.[7]

Between 1994 and 1997, Janković was a journalist at Beta News Agency. After that, he was employed at the Ministry of Youth and Sports of the Government of Serbia as an associate expert. In 2000, he became a secretary of the Federal Ministry of Sports of the Government of FR Yugoslavia. In 2001, Janković became the Assistant of the Federal Minister of Sports. In 2003, he became a legal adviser at the Mission of OSCE in Serbia and Montenegro.[7]

Ombudsman[edit]

On 29 June 2007, the National Assembly of Serbia appointed Janković to the newly established post of the National Ombudsman for a five year term with 143 votes for.[8] On 4 August 2012, he was re-appointed to the new five year term with 167 votes for, one abstention, and no votes against. His re-election was supported by all parties in the Assembly.[9]

Janković came into conflict with the Government of Serbia and Prime Minister Aleksandar Vučić in 2014 while investigating an incident in which Vučić's brother Andrej was beaten by gendarmes during a pride parade in central Belgrade. During a hearing in the National Assembly, [7] Janković claimed that Military Security Agency broke the law during the incident. He was then attacked by the MPs of the governing Serbian Progressive Party (SNS) and the Minister of Defence Bratislav Gašić.[10] After that, several MPs of the SNS heavily criticized the Ombudsman and called for Janković to resign claiming his actions were politically motivated.[11][12] Some MPs and pro-government media outlets even claimed that Janković was responsible for suicide that a friend of Janković committed in 1993 in Janković's apartment using his pistol.[13][14] OSCE and the European Commission expressed concerns about those attacks against Janković.[15][16] Journalist Dragan Janjić wrote that Janković is a target of a "smear campaign" orchestrated by Vučić.[17]

Janković in 2010

Janković clashed with the Government again in April 2015 when he claimed that Bratislav Gašić was responsible for a military helicopter crash in which 7 people have died.[18] Janković criticized Vučić for protecting Gašić, whom Janković blamed for the accident.[19]

Next confrontation between Janković and the Government came in May 2016 when Janković claimed that the Government is responsible for demolishing buildings in Belgrade's Savamala neighborhood under cover of the night by several dozen masked persons.[20] Janković's report claimed that the police was ordered not to intervene during the demolition.[21] After this, Janković was again heavily attacked by the MPs of the Serbian Progressive Party and Serbian Radical Party, who claimed that Janković is not protecting citizens, but is promoting himself instead.[22]

In late 2016, media outlets started speculating that Janković might be a suitable candidate of the opposition at the 2017 Serbian presidential election.[23] In November 2016, one hundred prominent public figures signed a petition to Janković calling him to run for President in 2017.[24] He did not give any definitive answer at the time, saying that the time is not right for such a decision.[25] This was heavily criticized by the leadership of the Serbian Progressive Party and their partners who called Janković a "politician" who only works on his political promotion and called for him to resign.[26] In 2017, Amnesty International reported pro-government media in Serbia continued to smear independent journalists and human rights defenders, as well as the Ombudsperson’s Office.[27]

Janković officially resigned his ombudsman post on 7 February 2017 in order to run for President.[28]

Presidential campaign, 2017[edit]

On November 25, 2016, Serbian newspaper Blic published a list of over 100 public figures in Serbia petitioned for Janković to run for president of Serbia in 2017.[29] In December 2016, Janković formally announced that he would run as an independent for president of Serbia in the 2017 presidential election.[30]

At the election, Janković came second, behind Aleksandar Vučić, with 16.36% of the vote.[31]

List of Saša Janković endorsements[32][33]
Organizations
Current and former public officeholders
University and academic figures
  • Dušan Teodorović, member of Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
  • Aleksandar Bošković, professor in the Department of ethnology and anthropology at the University of Belgrade Faculty of Philosophy
  • Milan Vukomanović, professor in the Department of ethnology and anthropology at the University of Belgrade Faculty of Philosophy
  • Miodrag Zec, professor in the Department of sociology at the University of Belgrade Faculty of Philosophy
  • Dragan Popadić, professor in the Department of psychology at the University of Belgrade Faculty of Philosophy
  • Dragana Pavlović Breneselović, professor in the Department of Education (Pedagogy and Andragogy) at the University of Belgrade Faculty of Philosophy
  • Jelena Mrgić, professor in the Department of History at the University of Belgrade Faculty of Philosophy
  • Goran Marković, professor at the Faculty of Dramatic Arts in Belgrade
  • Milena Dragićević Šešić, professor at the Faculty of Dramatic Arts in Belgrade
  • Aleksandra Jovićević, professor at the Faculty of Dramatic Arts in Belgrade
  • Jelisaveta Tatić Čuturilo, professor at the Faculty of Dramatic Arts in Belgrade
  • Dejan Sinadinović, professor at the Faculty of Music Arts in Belgrade
  • Ljubiša Dokić, professor at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade
  • Dragan Vučović, professor at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade
  • Stojan Živković, professor at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade
  • Srbijanka Turajlić, professor at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering
  • Ranko Bugarski, professor at the Faculty of Philology, University of Belgrade
  • Ljubomir Madžar, professor at the Faculty of Economics, University of Belgrade
  • Stojan Babić, professor at the Faculty of Economics, University of Belgrade
  • Fuada Stanković, professor at the University of Novi Sad Faculty of Law and former Rector of the University of Novi Sad
  • Ilija Vujačić, professor and Dean of the Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade
  • Rade Veljanovski, professor at the Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade
  • Jelena Đorđević, professor at the Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade
  • Neda Todorović, professor at the Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade
  • Vladimir Pavićević, assistant professor at the Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade
  • Filip Ejdus, assistant professor at the Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade
  • Jasna Veljkovic, assistant professor at the Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade
  • Dragana Dulić, professor at the Faculty of Security Studies, University of Belgrade
  • Teodor Ast, professor at the Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade
  • Biljana Stojković, professor at the Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade
  • Goran Brajušković, professor at the Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade
  • Milorad Vujičić, professor at the Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade
  • Sanja Šovran, professor at the Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade
  • Darko Ivanović, professor at the Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade
  • Mirjana Medenica, professor at the Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade
  • Vladan Bogdanović, professor at the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade
  • Mirjana Drakulić, professor at the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade
  • Milovan Živković, professor at the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade
  • Mirjana Todorović, professor at the Faculty of Economics in Subotica, University of Kragujevac
  • Miloš Tešić, professor at the University of Novi Sad Faculty of Technical Sciences
  • Danica Drakulić, professor at the Faculty of Economics in Subotica, University of Novi Sad
  • Agnes Boljević, professor at the Faculty of Economics in Subotica, University of Novi Sad
  • Marijan Jelić, professor at the Faculty of Education in Sombor, University of Novi Sad
  • Nataša Polovina, professor at the Faculty of Philosophy in Sombor, University of Novi Sad
  • Dima Trajković, professor at the Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Niš
  • Biljana Rakić, professor at the Faculty of Economics, University of Niš
  • Drago Đurić, philosopher and professor at the Univerzitet u Prištini and the University of Belgrade
  • Marija Bogdanović, former Rector of the University of Belgrade
  • Nadija Rebronja, professor at the Department of Philology, State University of Novi Pazar
  • Dejan Mirčić, professor at the Department of Biomedical sciences, State University of Novi Pazar
  • Vesna Rakić Vodinelić, professor and former Dean at the Faculty of Law, Union University
  • Dragutin Savić, professor of Genetics, Microbiology, Molecular Biology at the University of Oklahoma
  • Aleksandra Jovićević, professor of Art and Entertainment History at the Sapienza University of Rome
  • Ivana Senić, research assistant at the University of Michigan Department of Psychiatry
Actors, filmmakers and dramaturges
Other

Political positions[edit]

Kosovo[edit]

In an interview with Novi Magazin, Janković was asked whether Serbia would recognize Kosovo as a state under any conditions. He replied that he "won't put a signature on the independence of Kosovo," adding that "I don't even think anyone would ask that of me."[65] Janković criticized the idea of a partition of Kosovo, calling it dangerous.[65] He also criticized the Kosovska Mitrovica train incident, saying that "I won't allow the military or security services to play with shiny trains to present to the media, while the consequences of that game are suffered by Serbs in Kosovo, especially in the enclaves."[65]

Awards[edit]

In March 2015, Janković was awarded French National Order of Merit in the rank of Chevalier (Knight).[66] He was named the “Person of the Year” by Mission of OSCE in Serbia (2011)[67] and by news magazine Vreme (2015).[68]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Blic (September 26, 2009). "Saša Janković, prvi srpski zaštitnik građana (ombudsman) - Perfekcionista". Retrieved March 2, 2017. 
  2. ^ Tamara Skrozza (January 14, 2016). "Intevju Ličnost godine - Saša Janković: Zašto im smetam" (in Serbian). Retrieved June 22, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c V.N. (April 22, 2015). "Saša Janković imao barut na rukama; Ombudsman: Nađeni su nitrati, prijatelja sam mazio po kosi" (in Serbian). Retrieved March 2, 2017. 
  4. ^ Dejan Ilić (April 23, 2015). "Peščanik: Laž urla Srbijom" (in Serbian). Retrieved March 2, 2017. 
  5. ^ Blic (May 13, 2015). "Saša Janković za NIN: Moj odgovor na sva pitanja o „aferi pištolj"" (in Serbian). Retrieved March 2, 2017. 
  6. ^ Tamara Nikčević (September 8, 2016). "Peščanik: Saša Janković – intervju" (in Serbian). Retrieved March 2, 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c "Saša Janković" (in Serbian). Istinomer. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  8. ^ Stanković, T (30 June 2007). "Zeleno svetlo za predizborna obećanja" [Green light for pre-election promises] (in Serbian). Danas. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  9. ^ "Saša Janković ponovo izabran za zaštitnika građana" [Saša Janković is re-appointed Ombudsman] (in Serbian). Politika. 4 August 2012. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  10. ^ "Polemika o napadu na brata premijera Srbije" [Debate about the attack on Prime Minister's brother]. Al Jazeera. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  11. ^ "Jovičić: Saša Janković je sramota, a ne zaštita za građane" [Jovičić: Saša Janković is a shame, not an Ombudsman]. Blic. 16 April 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  12. ^ "Vladimir Đukanović: Janković urušava instituciju zaštitnika građana" [Vladimir Đukanović: Janković undermines the institution of ombudsman] (in Serbian). Blic. 13 February 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  13. ^ "SNS: Kad može Dada Vujasinović, može i Saša Janković". N1. 25 April 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  14. ^ "Janković primoran obustaviti kontrolu VBA" [Jankovic forced to suspend control of VBA] (in Serbo-Croatian). Al Jazeera. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  15. ^ "OEBS izrazio zabrinutost zbog kampanje protiv Ombudsmana" [OSCE concerned about the camapign against Jankovic] (in Serbian). Blic. 21 April 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  16. ^ "EVROPSKA KOMISIJA ŽESTOKO Sramota je šta rade zaštitniku građana" [EUROPEAN COMMISSION: It is a shame what they're ding to Ombudsman]. Blic. 21 April 2015. 
  17. ^ Janjić, Dragan (7 May 2015). "Smear campaign against the Serbian Ombudsman". Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  18. ^ "Saša Janković: Gašić mora da snosi odgovornost" [Saša Janković: Gašić has to be responsible] (in Serbian). Blic. 12 April 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  19. ^ "Saša Janković: Gaje se strah, nezameranje i slepa poslušnost" (in Serbian). N1. 12 April 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  20. ^ "Saša Janković: Rušenje u Savamali organizovano" [Saša Janković: Demolition in Savamala was organized] (in Serbian). Radio Free Europe. 9 May 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  21. ^ "Janković: Građani govorili istinu o rušenju u Savamali" [Janković: Citizens were telling the truth about the demolition in Savamala] (in Serbian). N1. 9 May 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  22. ^ "Poslanici kritikovali ombudsmana na sednici odbora s koje je izostao" [MPs criticized Ombudsman at a committee meeting he did not attend] (in Serbian). Radio Television of Serbia. 14 September 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  23. ^ Latković, Nataša (8 September 2016). "ZA I PROTIV Saša Janković najozbiljniji izbor za predsedničkog kandidata opozicije" [For and against: Saša Janković most serious choice for the opposition presidential candidate] (in Serbian). Blic. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  24. ^ "Apel STO JAVNIH LIČNOSTI da se Saša Janković kandiduje za PREDSEDNIKA SRBIJE" [Petition of one hundred public figures to Saša Janković to run for the President of Serbia] (in Serbian). Blic. 25 November 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  25. ^ "Janković: Znao sam da se potpisuje apel, ali nisam još doneo odluku o kandidaturi" [Janković: I knew about the petition, but I still haven't made a decision about my nomination] (in Serbian). Večernje novosti. 25 November 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  26. ^ ""SLUŽI SE ŠIBICARSKIM TRIKOVIMA" Jovanov: Janković u strahu da li će biti kandidat" [Jovanov: Janković in fear about his candidacy] (in Serbian). Blic. 14 December 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  27. ^ "Serbia 2016/2017". Amnesty International. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  28. ^ "Saša Janković podneo ostavku, kandiduje se za predsednika" [Saša Janković Resigns, Will Run for President] (in Serbian). N1. 7 February 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2017. 
  29. ^ [1] Insajder: „Novi“ predsednički kandidati (in Serbian). December 26, 2016. Retrieved December 26, 2016.
  30. ^ [2] Insajder: „Novi“ predsednički kandidati (in Serbian). December 26, 2016. Retrieved December 26, 2016.
  31. ^ "RIK (94,18%): Vučić osvojio 1,9 miliona glasova" (in Serbian). N1. 3 April 2017. 
  32. ^ a b "Apel Saši Jankoviću da se kandiduje za Predsednika Republike" (in Serbian). January 15, 2017. Retrieved January 15, 2017. 
  33. ^ a b c "Janković: Da budemo informisani, ne informerisani" (in Serbian). February 19, 2017. Retrieved February 23, 2017. 
  34. ^ "Драган Шутановац: Демократе и Саша Јанковић су тим који побеђује [Dragan Šutanovac: Democrats and Saša Janković are the winning team]" (in Serbian). January 10, 2017. Retrieved January 15, 2017. 
  35. ^ "Živković: Čovek sa stavom – to je Saša Janković!" (in Serbian). February 20, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017. 
  36. ^ "SDU podržava kandidaturu Saše Jankovića [SDU Backs Saša Janković's Presidential Bid]" (in Serbian). January 27, 2017. Retrieved January 29, 2017. 
  37. ^ "Vojvođanska partija podržala kandidaturu Saše Jankovića" (in Serbian). February 9, 2017. Retrieved February 9, 2017. 
  38. ^ "Crnogorska partija podržala Jankovića" (in Serbian). March 7, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017. 
  39. ^ (in Serbian). March 28, 2017 http://www.b92.net/info/vesti/index.php?yyyy=2017&mm=03&dd=28&nav_category=11&nav_id=1244799. Retrieved March 31, 2017.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  40. ^ "Official Facebook page of Civic Movement "It is All the Same" - Jeste SVEjeDNO" (in Serbian). February 9, 2017. Retrieved February 10, 2017. 
  41. ^ "Inicijativa Ne da(vi)mo Beograd podržala Sašu Jankovića" (in Serbian). January 25, 2017. 
  42. ^ "Voštinić: Najlakše je upravljati ne glupima, već siromašnima" (in Serbian). January 29, 2017. 
  43. ^ "Lokalni front - Zašto Saša Janković?" (in Serbian). December 27, 2016. 
  44. ^ "Lokalni front - Zašto Saša Janković?" (in Serbian). December 27, 2016. 
  45. ^ "APEL Saši Jankoviću da se kandiduje za Predsednika Republike" (in Serbian). 
  46. ^ "Hrvatski građanski savez podržao Sašu Jankovića" (in Serbian). February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017. 
  47. ^ "Pokret "Podrži RTV" podržao kandidaturu Saše Jankovića" (in Serbian). February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017. 
  48. ^ ""Podrži RTV" Twitter profile status" (in Serbian). February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017. 
  49. ^ "Pokret "AlternAktiva" podržao kandidaturu Saše Jankovića" (in Serbian). February 10, 2017. Retrieved February 10, 2017. 
  50. ^ "„Slobodni stanari" iz Niša podržali kandidaturu Saše Jankovića" (in Serbian). February 10, 2017. Retrieved February 10, 2017. 
  51. ^ "Saša Janković a polgári Szerbia jelöltje" (in Hungarian). December 28, 2016. Retrieved February 12, 2017. 
  52. ^ "Zelena mreža Vojvodine podržala kandidaturu Saše Jankovića" (in Serbian). February 13, 2017. Retrieved February 15, 2017. 
  53. ^ "Vojvođanski klub podržava Sašu Jankovića" (in Serbian). February 15, 2017. Retrieved February 15, 2017. 
  54. ^ "Savez antifašista Vojvodine podržao Sašu Jankovića" (in Serbian). February 22, 2017. Retrieved February 23, 2017. 
  55. ^ "Udruženje "Ateisti Srbije" podržalo Sašu Jankovića" (in Serbian). February 23, 2017. Retrieved February 23, 2017. 
  56. ^ "Bivši poslanici DJB podržali Sašu Jankovića" (in Serbian). February 28, 2017. Retrieved February 28, 2017. 
  57. ^ "Saša Janković: Vratićemo otetu državu" (in Serbian). February 19, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017. 
  58. ^ "Blic: Apel STO JAVNIH LIČNOSTI da se Saša Janković kandiduje za PREDSEDNIKA SRBIJE" (in Serbian). November 25, 2016. Retrieved December 26, 2016. 
  59. ^ "B92: Živković: Podrška Jankoviću" (in Serbian). December 26, 2016. Retrieved December 26, 2016. 
  60. ^ "Blic: OD IZBORA ZAVISI OPSTANAK OPOZICIJE Pajtić: Glasaću za Sašu Jankovića" (in Serbian). December 29, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2016. 
  61. ^ "Jovanović podržao Jankovića, a on mu poručio da ne glasa za njega" (in Serbian). March 7, 2017. Retrieved March 7, 2017. 
  62. ^ "Tepić: Čanak želi da se kandiduje, odbori mahom za Jankovića" (in Serbian). February 6, 2017. 
  63. ^ "Podrška organizacija" (in Serbian). 
  64. ^ "Vujošević revoltiran napadom na Ivkovića: Moj glas Jankoviću" (in Serbian). March 9, 2017. Retrieved March 9, 2017. 
  65. ^ a b c Jelka Jovanović (March 2, 2017). "Intevju Saša Janković: Predsednik mora da bude kočnica populizmu" (in Serbian). Retrieved March 2, 2017. 
  66. ^ "Serbian Ombudsman received French Order of Merit". International Ombudsman Institute. 30 March 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  67. ^ "Nagrade "Ličnost godine" Neveni Petrušić, Rodoljubu Šabiću i Saši Jankoviću". Blic. 12 December 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 
  68. ^ "Saša Janković". Vreme. 31 December 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Position established
Ombudsman of the Republic of Serbia
2007–2017
Succeeded by
Miloš Janković
(interim)