Sa'dabad Complex

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Sa'dabad Complex
Majmue ye Sa’dābād
Mellat Palace Museum 02.jpg
The White Palace
Sa'dabad Complex is located in Tehran
Sa'dabad Complex
Location in Tehran
General information
Architectural styleNeoclassical
AddressDarband, Zafaraniyeh, Tajrish, Valiasr Street
Town or cityTehran
CountryIran
Coordinates35°49′00″N 51°25′21″E / 35.816664°N 51.422539°E / 35.816664; 51.422539
Current tenantsPresident of Iran
Construction started1921
Design and construction
ArchitectHossein Behzad

The Sa'dabad Palace Complex (Persian: مجموعه سعدآباد‎ – Majmue ye Sa’dābād) is a 300 hectare complex built by the Qajar and Pahlavi monarchs, located in Shemiran, Greater Tehran, Iran. Today, the official residence of the President of Iran is located adjacent to the complex.

The complex includes more than 180 hectares of natural forest, streets, qanats, galleries, mansions/ palaces and museums.

History[edit]

The complex was initially built and inhabited by Qajar dynasty off monarchs in the 19th century. After extensive expansions, Reza Shah of the Pahlavi Dynasty resided there in the 1920s. His son, Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, moved there in the 1970s. After the 1979 Revolution, the complex became a public museum.

Present use[edit]

Large parts of the complex are museums, which are accessible to visitors . Other parts are currently used to the Office of the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The complex is operated by the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran which is responsible for most of the artifacts, locations, and cultural aspects of the country.

Sites[edit]

Gates to the complex[edit]

  • Nezamie Gate, from which Reza Shah would enter the complex.
  • Zaferanie Gate, Currently used by the presidency organization.
  • Gate of Darband Street, from which the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi would enter the complex.
  • Gate of Darband Square
  • Ja'far Abad Gate (1st)
  • Ja'far Abad Gate (2nd)
  • River Gate
  • The White House Gate

Main buildings[edit]

Depictions of Persian mythology in the White House.
(not to be confused with the Pavilion of Ahmad Shah Qajar in the Niavaran Complex)
  • The Green Palace
(also known as the Shahvand House)
  • The Mellat Museum
The White Palace, former official residence of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Empress Farah Diba.
  • Museum of Natural History
The Special Palace, currently used by the presidency organization.
  • Museum of Fine Arts
The Black Palace
  • Museum of Anthropology
Princess Shams Palace, named after Shams Pahlavi.
  • Museum of Glassware and Handicrafts
Princess Ashraf Palace, named after the sister of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
  • Building of the Amendment 36 (a governmental agency)
Prince Gholam Reza palace, named after Gholam Reza Pahlavi.
  • Palace of the King Mother
Currently used by the presidency organization.
  • Prince Ahmad Reza Palace, named after 2nd son of Reza Shah
Currently used by the presidency organization.
  • Administration of the complex
Prince Abdol Reza Palace, named after Abdul Reza Pahlavi, the son of Reza Shah.
  • The Training Center
Prince Bahman Palace, named after the son of Gholam Reza Pahlavi.
  • The Military Museum
Prince Shahram Palace, named after the son of Ashraf Pahlavi.
  • Museum of Artistic Creatures
Palace of Farideh Ghotbi, mother of Empress Farah Diba.
  • The Behzad Museum
1st Palace of Reza Pahlavi, named after Reza Pahlavi II.
  • Museum of Treasure (The Dafine Museum)
2nd Palace of Reza Pahlavi, currently used by the presidency organization.
  • Museum of Mir Emad Calligraphy
Palace of Princess Farahnaz and Prince Ali Reza, named after Farahnaz and Ali Reza, children of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
  • The Abkar Museum
Princess Leila Palace, named after Leila Pahlavi.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°49′02″N 51°25′24″E / 35.817252°N 51.423451°E / 35.817252; 51.423451