Saad Hariri

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Saad Hariri
سعد الحريري
Hariri in April 2009.jpg
Prime Minister of Lebanon
Assumed office
18 December 2016
President Michel Aoun
Preceded by Tammam Salam
In office
9 November 2009 – 13 June 2011
President Michel Suleiman
Deputy Elias Murr
Preceded by Fouad Siniora
Succeeded by Najib Mikati
Leader of Future Movement
Assumed office
20 April 2005
Preceded by Rafic Hariri
Personal details
Born (1970-04-18) 18 April 1970 (age 46)
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Nationality Lebanese and Saudi Arabian[1]
Political party Future Movement,
March 14 Alliance
Spouse(s) Lara Bashir Al Azem (1998–present)
Alma mater Georgetown University
Religion Sunni Islam
Website Saad Hariri's Official Website
Saad Hariri (Facebook)
@SaadHariri (Twitter)

Saad Al-Hariri (Arabic: سعد الدين رفيق الحريري‎‎; born 18 April 1970) is a Lebanese politician. He became the Prime Minister of Lebanon for a second time on December 2016. He was also the Prime Minister from November 2009 to June 2011. He is the second son of Rafic Hariri, the former Lebanese Prime Minister who was assassinated in 2005. Hariri was prime minister from 9 November 2009 until the collapse of his cabinet on 12 January 2011 and has also been the leader of the Future Movement party since 2005. He is seen as "the strongest figurehead" of the March 14 movement.[2] Following the collapse of his government in 2011, Hariri moved overseas. On 8 August 2014 he returned to Lebanon unannounced, for the first time in three years.[3][4][5] He was designated as Prime Minister on 3 November 2016 for the second time, with his Cabinet formed on 18 December 2016.

Early years[edit]

Saad Hariri was born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia[6][7] on 18 April 1970, and is the son of Rafic Hariri and his first wife Nida Bustani, an Iraqi.[8] In addition to his native Arabic, Hariri speaks English, French and Italian. He graduated in 1992 from the McDonough School of Business at Georgetown University with a major in Business Administration.[9] He then returned to Saudi Arabia where he managed part of his father's business in Riyadh until his father's assassination in 2005.

Business activities[edit]

Prior to entering politics, Hariri served as the chairman of the executive committee of Oger Telecom, which pursues telecommunication interests in the Middle East and Africa. In addition, Hariri was the chairman of Omnia Holdings and a board member of Oger International Entreprise de Travaux Internationaux.

Political career[edit]

On 20 April 2005, Hariri family announced that Saad Hariri would lead the Future Movement, an essentially Sunni movement that was created and led by his late father.[8][10] He is also the leader of the March 14 Alliance, a coalition of political groups born out of the Cedar Revolution which, through mass popular demonstrations and Western support, led to the withdrawal of Syrian troops from Lebanon in 2005 after a 29-year presence.

In 2007, French President Jacques Chirac awarded Saad Hariri the "Legion d'Honneur" (Knight of the Legion of Honor).[11]

Premiership[edit]

Hariri was prime minister from 9 November 2009 until 13 June 2011.

Government collapse[edit]

On 12 January 2011, minutes after Hariri posed for pictures with President Barack Obama in the Oval Office, the opposition parties resigned from the cabinet, as an objection for the inability of the government to take detrimental decisions, causing his unity government to collapse. In fact, Hezbollah and its allies withdrew from the government due to political tensions arose from investigations of the assassination of Rafic Hariri.[12] Hezbollah operatives had been accused of the assassination of Rafic Hariri.[12]

Hariri remained caretaker Prime Minister for another four months after the collapse of his cabinet. The new Lebanese government was finally formed on 13 June 2011 and is headed by Najib Mikati. Mikati created a March 8-led government coalition.[12]

Arrest warrant[edit]

On 12 December 2012, Syria issued an arrest warrants against Hariri, Future bloc deputy Okab Sakr and Free Syrian Army official Louay Almokdad in accusing them of arming and providing financial support for Syrian opposition groups.[13] Upon this, Hariri released a statement, indicating that Bashar Assad is a "monster".[13] Lebanese judicial sources argued that the arrest warrant would likely be ignored by Lebanon and that since both Hariri and Sakr have parliamentary immunity, they cannot be prosecuted. The warrant remains issued to this day and since then he is yet to enter Syria. [13]

Second tenure[edit]

Following more than two years of deadlock in electing a president, March 8's Michel Aoun was elected. Shortly after, Aoun signed a decree appointing Hariri as prime minister for the second time.[14] On 18 december he became the prime minister of Lebanon for the second time.[14]

Personal life[edit]

Hariri holds dual citizenship, Lebanese and Saudi Arabian.[1] He married Lara Bashir Al Azem in 1998 and has three children: Houssam (born 1999), Loulwa (born 2001), and Abdulaziz (born 2005). His wife is from a prestigious[vague] Syrian family.[8] He lived in Paris, France, from 2011 for safety reasons, but returned to Lebanon on 8 August 2014.[2][15]

His net worth has fluctuated since the death of his father. Current figures usually vary between 1.5 and 2 billion USD. However, according to Forbes, as of 2011 he is the 595th richest person in the world with a net worth of $2 billion.[16]

Awards[edit]

In 2007, Hariri was awarded the Legion of Honour[17] by Lebanese Physician Dr. Sami Azar.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rola el Husseini (15 October 2012). Pax Syriana: Elite Politics in Postwar Lebanon. Syracuse University Press. p. 261. ISBN 978-0-8156-3304-4. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Lebanon and Syria: Peering into the abyss". The Economist. 27 October 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "Hariri Back in Lebanon for First Time in 3 Years His nephew's name is Sultan Al Shaikh". Lebanon News.Net. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "News article". Al Hadath. Al Arabiya. 8 August 2014. 
  5. ^ News presenter (8 August 2014). Prime Time News - 08/08/2014 (Video). MTVLebanonNews via YouTube. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  6. ^ "His Excellency Deputy Saadeddine Rafiq Hariri". Arab Decision. 
  7. ^ "The world's billionaires 2008: #334 Saad Hariri". Forbes. 3 May 2008. 
  8. ^ a b c Vloeberghs, Ward (July 2012). "The Hariri Political Dynasty after the Arab Spring". Mediterranean Politics. Taylor and Francis. 18 (2): 241–248. doi:10.1080/13629395.2012.694046.  Pdf.
  9. ^ "Hind Hariri is world's youngest billionaire". The Daily Star. 11 March 2006. 
  10. ^ Mallat, Chibli. Lebanon's Cedar Revolution An essay on non-violence and justice (PDF). Mallat. p. 122. 
  11. ^ "Saad Hariri". 
  12. ^ a b c Simon, Kevin (2012). "Hezbollah: Terror in Context". Olin College of Engineering. Retrieved 2 July 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c Dakroub, Hussein (13 December 2012). "Hariri calls Assad 'monster,' rejects warrants". The Daily Star. Retrieved 13 December 2012. 
  14. ^ a b "New Cabinet in Lebanon vows to 'preserve stability'". Gulf News. Beirut. AFB. 19 December 2016. Retrieved 23 December 2016. 
  15. ^ "Hassan Nasrallah answers Saad Hariri's speech: "Saad Hariri insulted his own father"". Iloubnan. 17 February 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2013. 
  16. ^ Saad Hariri profile - Forbes Retrieved April 2011.
  17. ^ "Speakers from the Government of Lebanon". The Economist. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Rafic Hariri
Leader of Movement of the Future
2005–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Fouad Siniora
Prime Minister of Lebanon
2009–2011
Succeeded by
Najib Mikati
Preceded by
Tammam Salam
Prime Minister of Lebanon
2016–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent