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|Regions with significant populations|
|• India • Pakistan|
|• Urdu • Hindi • Awadhi|
|• Islam 100% •|
|Related ethnic groups|
|• Sayyid • Arab • Sayyid of Uttar Pradesh• Sadaat Amroha• Gardezi Sadaat • Sadaat-e-Sirsi * Sadaat-e-Bilgram • Sadaat-e-Saithal|
Sadaat-e-Bara (Urdu: ہسادات بار), sometimes pronounced Sadaat-e-Barha, are a community of Sayyids, originally from a group of twelve villages situated in the Muzaffarnagar district of Uttar Pradesh in India. This community had considerable influence during the reign of the Mughal Empire. Its members were also found in Karnal District and Haryana, Gujarat & Karnataka state in India. The majority of the members of this community have migrated to Pakistan after independence and have settled in Karachi, Khairpur State in Sind and Lahore.
History and origin
The ancestor of Bārha Sayyids, Sayyid Abu'l Farah Al Hussaini Al Wasti, left his original home in Wasit, Iraq, with his twelve sons at the end of the 10th century or the beginning of the 11th century CE and migrated to India, where he obtained four estates in Punjab. Over time, Abu'l Farah's descendants took over Bārha riyasat (township) in Muzzafarnagar.
There are four sub-divisions of Barha Sadaat in Muzaffarnagar area:
- the Tihaanpuri, whose chief town was Jansath, belong to Syed Najm uddin
- the Chatraudi, whose chief town was Sambhalhera, belong to syed abu'l Fazaail Al Wasti,
- the Kundliwal, whose chief town was Mujhera, belong to Syed Daoud.
- the Jajneri, whose chief town was Bidauli, belong to Syed Abu'l Faraaish,
The origin of the Sadaat-e-Bara or Barha is traced to Sayyid Abu'l Farah Al Hussaini Al Wasti, son of Sayyid Daud Al Hussaini, who came to Ghazni in Afghanistan, from Wasit, at the invitation of Mahmud Ghaznavi. He had twelve sons of whom four settled in four villages Kundli Tihanpur, Jajner and Chhat-Banur, near the city of Patiala. These four sons founded a number of clans, the main ones being Chhatrodi, Kundliwal, Tihanpuri and Jajneri, from the villages assigned to them.
Another descendant of Sayyid Abu'l Farah was Syed Mustufa AlHussaini (Thasra Village- Gujarat)& his brothers Syed Alaad(Alauddin) AlHussaini( Gothada Village -Savli-Gujarat) & Syed Nateeb AlHussaini ( Pali Village -Gujarat )came During the Sultan Mahemud Begada's Sultanate 1484 AD & Syed Mustufa's son Syed Muhammed AlHussaini Qazi-ul-qazat who was given a post of Chief justice and a grant of three villages in Sarnal, Gujarat by emperor Aurangzeb in 1674 AD and he migrated there. These three brothers' descendants form the branched of Sadat Bárha in Gujarat (Thasra, Pali & Gothada).
When the Sayyids came to India from Central Asia they chose to settle in Muzaffarnagar; these people were called the Saiyids of Barha or (Sadaat-e-Barah)]. The area has one of the largest concentrations of Sayyids in India.
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Some of the villages where Barha Sayyids can be found are:
- Raigawan, founded by Sayyed Hashim AlHussaini Barha, a General in the Mughal Army
- Kahlaoda Kalan, repopulated by Nawab S.Parvarish Ali Khan,Governor of Bengal, Mughal Era
- KAITHORA founded ny Sayyed Nusrat Yar Khan
- Chitora,founded by Mir Jawwad Ali Governor of Royal Iran Army
- Sadaat e Saithal Founded by Syed Amaan ul laah and after that his grand son Syed Faiz ullaah, Dada Faiz ullaah, Sadaat e Saithal is a branch of Sadaat-e-Bara,They are descendants of Sayyid Abu'l Fazaail Chatraudi,son of Sayyid Abu'l Farah Al Hussaini Al Wasti,
- Sikrehra Khola
- Behra Sadaat
- Kamheda, near Jouli
- Saif Pur Nangla, founded by Syed Saif Khan of Mujhera; he named it after himself
- BahadarPur, founded by Syed Hafeezullah Khan of Chitora Sadaat.
- People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Three page 1247 Manohar Publications
- The Encyclopaedia of Islam: Supplement : Parts 1-2, page 126, Clifford Edmund Bosworth, Brill Archive, 1980
- Memoirs on the history, folk-lore, and distribution of the races of the North Western Provinces of India, Sir Henry Miers Elliot, Trübner & co., 1869
- ain-e-Akbari Abul Fazal Henry Beveridge's translation Footnote on Sayyeds of Barha