|• Mayor||Volker Ortwig|
|• Total||71.87 km2 (27.75 sq mi)|
|Elevation||431 m (1,414 ft)|
|• Density||48/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Postal codes||07929, 07368|
|Dialling codes||036647, 036651|
Saalburg-Ebersdorf is a town in the Saale-Orla-Kreis district, in Thuringia, Germany close to the Bavarian border. It is situated on the river Saale, 10 km southwest of Schleiz, 30 km west of Plauen and 30 km north-west of Hof.
The town is an administrative union of two large villages (Saalburg and Ebersdorf) lying either side of the Saale river near the Bleilochtalsperre as well as several smaller villages in between and around them.
The earliest records of the towns and villages of Saalburg-Ebersdorf are from the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. They lay on and around the historical trade route between Nuremberg and Leipzig.
Saalburg and Ebersdorf became increasingly important in the seventeenth century as regional seats of the Counts von Reuss.
Saalburg was established under the Lobdaburger reign in around 1313. Some ruins from this early settlement remain today, including a 3-meter-high remnant of the city wall.
From 1647-1666, Saalburg was the seat of the state of Reuss-Saalburg.
Saalburg subsequently became part of the state of Reuss-Greiz (or Reuss Elder Line).
Ebersdorf dates its foundation to 1401.
Under the influence of the Reuss Princes, Ebersdorf became a centre of Pietism in Germany. The related Moravian faith also took a minority hold in Ebersdorf after the marriage of Erdmuthe Dorothea Reuss-Ebersdorf to Nicolaus Zinzendorf.
The Moravian Church (pictured) was built in 1746. The classical west facade of Schloss Ebersdorf, shown in the main photo above, was designed by Christian Friedrich Schuricht and was completed in 1792.
Napoleonic wars and German confederation
On 8 October 1806, Napoleon's troops first entered Prussian territory and battles took place on the banks of the Saale between the forces of Napoleon I of France and Frederick William III of Prussia. Napoleon spent the night of 8 October in Schloss Ebersdorf. This (a precursor to the Battle of Schleiz on 9 October and the Battle of Jena-Auerstadt on 14 October), was the first battle of the War of the Fourth Coalition.
From 1807 until 1813, the Principality of Reuss-Ebersdorf became part of the Confederation of the Rhine. From 1813, the Principality became a member (successively) of the German Confederation the Thuringian Trade Association, the Central German Trade Association and (from 1833) the Zollverein. In 1849, the Principality became a constitutional monarchy. During the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, the Principality took a neutral position while the Reuss, Elder Line was aligned with the Austrian Empire. Both joined the North German Confederation in 1866 and became part of unified Germany in 1871.
In 1919, Ebersdorf became part of the independent (and short-lived) Republic of Reuss, before this state (and hence Ebersdorf) joined the Weimar Republic.
After the Second World War, the region became part of the newly created District of Gera (Bezirk Gera) in 1952 within the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). After German reunification in 1990, Salburg and Ebersdorf became part of the restored state of Thuringia.
Formation of Saalburg-Ebersdorf
Saalburg and Ebersdorf were legally merged on 1 January 2003 and, on 6 May 2006, they absorbed the previously independent municipalities of Friesau, Röppisch, Schönbrunn and Zoppoten.
Saalburg-Ebersdorf hosts the SonneMondSterne festival, an outdoor music festival which is one of the largest in Europe and which has featured acts such as Massive Attack; David Guetta; Skrillex; The Chemical Brothers; Hot Chip; Faithless; Kraftwerk; and Underworld.
Countess Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf, daughter of Count Heinrich XXIV, was the mother of Leopold I of Belgium and Victoria, Duchess of Kent and grandmother of Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Queen Victoria, Prince Albert, Ferdinand II of Portugal, Leopold II of Belgium, and Empress Carlota of Mexico, among others.
Erdmuthe Dorothea, Countess von Reuss-Ebersdorf (1700–1757) married Nicolaus Ludwig, Imperial Count von Zinzendorf (1700–1760) Renewer of the Moravian Church in 1722. Her family became very involved in the Moravian Church and a Moravian Settlement was started in Ebersdorf in the 1730s. The settlement was a center of education and social work in the Thuringian Forest. Today the Moravian Church operates a children's home and retreat center in the Congregation in Ebersdorf.
- "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, Gemeinschaftsfreie Gemeinde, erfüllende/beauftragende Gemeinden, Verwaltungsgemeinschaft/Mitgliedsgemeinden in Thüringen". Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik (in German). July 2016.
- Wolfgang Kahl.Ersterwähnung Thüringer Städte und Dörfer, Verlag Rochstuhl, Bad-Langensalza 2010, ISBN 978-3-86777-202-0, S. 63, 81, ?, 155, 222, 226, 238, 243, 255, 311,326
- Cf. Douglas H. Shantz, An Introduction to German Pietism. Cf. especially Reinhard Breymayer: Friedrich Christoph Steinhofer. Ein pietistischer Theologe zwischen Oetinger, Zinzendorf und Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Noûs-Verlag Thomas Leon Heck, Dußlingen 2012, ISBN 978-3-924249-53-3. – Cf. especially pp. 24–30: "Steinhofer und Goethes Umwelt". The Ebersdorf clergyman and teacher Steinhofer edited the 'Ebersdorfer Gesangbuch' and influenced Susanne von Klettenberg and her environment, particularly Goethe.
Titles of the 'Ebersdorfer Gesangbuch':
Evangelisches Gesang-Buch. In einem hinlänglichen Auszug der Alten, Neuern und Neuesten Lieder, Der Gemeine in Ebersdorf [im Vogtland] Zu öffentlichem und besonderm Gebrauch gewidmet. [Ed. by Friedrich Christoph Steinhofer.] Ebersdorf, Zu finden im Waysen-Haus. 1742.
Second edition: Evangelisches Gesang-Buch, [...] Die zweyte und vermehrte Auflage. Ebersdorf [im Vogtland], Zu finden im Waysen-Haus. 1745.
Goethe wrote on the eight of september 1768 to his Leipzig friend Ernst Theodor Langer about the religious community in the environment of Goethe's mother: "Das Ebersd[orfer]. Ges[ang]. B[uch]. ist bey dieser Gemeine in grossem Ansehen, meine M[utter]. weiß sogar daß es Herrnhuterlieder sind." Cf. Johann Wolfgang Goethe: Briefe. Historisch-kritische Ausgabe, Band 1. Ed. by Elke Richter and Georg Kurscheidt. Berlin 2008, p. 131. - Goethe mentions on the fifteenth of january 1769 in a letter to Langer, that in a pietistic conventicle in his father's house "die Frauenzimm[er]. an einem Tische mit Ebersd[orfer]. Ges[ang]. Büchern" saßen. (Goethe: Briefe, ibidem, p. 155.) - In the "Bekenntnisse einer schönen Seele" of volume 3, book 6, of his novel Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre Goethe puts an appreciation of the Ebersdorfer Gesangbuch in Susanne von Klettenberg's mouth. Cf. Goethe: Sämtliche Werke, Abteilung I, Band 9, p. 768 f. - See also Franz Götting: Die Bibliothek von Goethes Vater. In: Nassauische Annalen 64 (1953), pp. 23-69, here p. 38: "Ebersdorfer Gesangbuch 1743. 8^. 545". "1743" must be corrected to "1745"; a 1743 edition of the Ebersdorfer Gesangbuch doesn't exist.