Saane/Sarine (river)

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Saane/Sarine
Saane in Freiburg.jpg
Berner Brücke/Pont de Berne over the Saane/Sarine, near Fribourg.
Origin foot of the Sanetschhorn
Mouth 46°58′46″N 7°15′39″E / 46.97935°N 7.260918°E / 46.97935; 7.260918
west of Bern, into the Aar
Basin countries Switzerland
Length 128 km (80 mi)
Basin area 1,892 km2 (731 sq mi)
"Saane" redirects here. It is not to be confused with Saâne.

Saane (in German) or Sarine (in French) is a major river of Switzerland.[1] It is 128 km (80 mi) long and has a drainage area of 1,892 km2 (731 sq mi). It is a tributary of the river Aare.

The Saane rises in the Bernese Alps, near Sanetschhorn, in the Canton of Valais. It forms the Lac de Sanetch reservoir at 2034 m, and then enters the Canton of Bern, traversing the Sanetsch falls between 1900 and 1400 m. It then forms the westernmost valley of the Bernese Oberland, flowing past Gsteig, Gstaad and Saanen in the Obersimmental-Saanen district. Downstream of Saanen, at 982 m, it enters the Canton of Vaud, passing Rougemont, Château-d'Œx and Rossinière, forming the Lac du Vernex at 859 m. At 833, it traverses the Creux de l'Enfer and enters the Canton of Fribourg, forming Lac de Montbovon at 777 m. From this point, it more or less follows the linguistic boundary between French- and German-speaking Switzerland across the bilingual canton of Fribourg (and is often identified as the geographic representation of the Röstigraben division of Switzerland). Passing Villars-sous-Mont, Enney, Gruyères and Broc, it reaches Lac de la Gruyère at 677 m. It then continues in serpentines towards Fribourg itself; the historical city was built in 1157 on a peninsula of the River Sarine, protected on three sides by steep cliffs. Downstream of Fribourg, it widens into the Schiffenensee reservoir at 532 m (built 1963), and is then taken to Laupen in a channel, where it is joined by the Sense. Flowing north for another 6 km, it finally joins the Aar just downstream of Wohlensee, at 463 m, some 15 km (9.3 mi) west of Bern.

Reservoirs[edit]

Reservoirs on the Saane/Sarine river
Dam Location Elevation Reservoir Area Volume Length
Rossinière VD 860 m (2,820 ft) Lac du Vernex 0.32 km2 (0.12 sq mi) 002.9 mio m³ 1.2 km (0.75 mi)
Lessoc, Haut-Intyamon FR 774 m (2,539 ft) Lac de Lessoc 0.20 km2 (0.077 sq mi) 001.5 mio m³ 2.3 km (1.4 mi)
Rossens FR 677 m (2,221 ft) Lac de la Gruyère 9.60 km2 (3.71 sq mi) 220 mio m³ 13.5 km (8.4 mi)
Fribourg 554 m (1,818 ft) Lac de Pérolles 0.35 km2 (0.14 sq mi) 000.034 mio m³ 2.3 km (1.4 mi)
Düdingen FR 532 m (1,745 ft) Lake Schiffenen 4.25 km2 (1.64 sq mi) 065 mio m³ 12 km (7.5 mi)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 6th longest, 7th largest basin, see List of rivers of Switzerland

External links[edit]