Saar Statute referendum, 1955

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A referendum on the Saar statute was held in the Saar Protectorate on 23 October 1955.[1] The statute would make the territory independent under the auspices of a European Commissioner to be appointed by the Council of Ministers of the Western European Union, while remaining in the economic union with France.

Its rejection by voters was taken as an indication that they would rather reunite with West Germany.[2] So on 27 October 1956 France and West Germany concluded the Saar Treaty establishing that Saarland should be allowed to join West Germany, as provided by its Grundgesetz constitution article 23 and so Saarland did as a state of Germany with effect of 1 January 1957.[2]

Results[edit]

Choice Votes %
For 201,973 32.29
Against 423,434 67.71
Invalid/blank votes 15,725
Total 641,132 100
Registered voters/turnout 662,839 96.73
Source: CVCE

By constituency[edit]

Constituency For Against Invalid/
blank
Total Registered
voters
Turnout
Votes % Votes %
Saarbrücken-town 30,858 39.10 48,063 60.90 1,531 80,452 83,369 96.50
Saarbrücken-region 48,523 30.68 109,659 69.32 3,339 161,521 166,349 97.10
Saarlouis 36,074 34.63 68,094 65.37 3,590 107,758 111,260 96.85
Merzig-Wadern 16,980 32.67 34,991 67.33 1,691 53,662 55,661 96.41
Ottweiler 30,620 30.66 69,256 69.34 2,379 102,255 105,927 96.53
Sankt Wendel 12,200 24.56 37,484 75.44 1,266 50,950 52,824 96.45
Sankt Ingbert 15,866 37.39 26,573 62.61 1,104 43,543 45,287 96.15
Homburg 10,852 27.02 29,314 79.98 826 40,992 42,125 97.31
Total 201,973 32.29 423,434 67.71 15,725 641,132 662,839 96.73
Source: CVCE

Referendums[edit]