Saar Statute referendum, 1955

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For the 1935 referendum, see Saar status referendum, 1935.

A referendum on the Saar statute was held in the Saar Protectorate on 23 October 1955.[1] The statute would make the territory independent under the auspices of a European Commissioner to be appointed by the Council of Ministers of the Western European Union, while remaining in the economic union with France.

Its rejection by voters was taken as an indication that they would rather reunite with West Germany.[2] So on 27 October 1956 France and West Germany concluded the Saar Treaty establishing that Saarland should be allowed to join West Germany, as provided by its Grundgesetz constitution article 23 and so Saarland did as a state of Germany with effect of 1 January 1957.[2]

Results[edit]

Choice Votes %
For 201,973 32.29
Against 423,434 67.71
Invalid/blank votes 15,725
Total 641,132 100
Registered voters/turnout 662,839 96.72
Source: CVCE

By constituency[edit]

Constituency For Against Invalid/
blank
Votes cast Registered voters
Saarbrücken-town 30,858 48,063 1,531 80,452 83,369
Saarbrücken-region 48,523 109,659 3,339 161,521 166,349
Saarlouis 36,074 68,094 3,590 107,758 111,260
Merzig-Wadern 16,980 34,991 1,691 53,662 55,661
Ottweiler 30,620 69,256 2,379 102,255 105,927
Sankt Wendel 12,200 37,484 1,266 50,950 52,824
Source: CVCE

Referendums[edit]