Sabah I bin Jaber

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Sabah I bin Jaber
Reign1752 – 1762
SuccessorAbdullah I Al-Sabah
Bornc. 1700
Hadar, Aflaj region
Died1762 (aged 61–62)
Spousea sister of Shaikh Khalifa bin Muhammad bin Faisal al-Utabi
FatherJaber Al-Sabah
MotherSheikha Mariam bint Faisal al-Utabi

His Highness Sheikh Abu Abdullah Sabah I bin Jaber Al Sabah (Arabic: أبو عبدالله صباح الأول‎) (c. 1700 – 1762)[1][2] was the first ruler of Kuwait. The official Kuwaiti history states that he was unanimously chosen for the position of sheikh.[3][4]

Reign of Sabah bin Jaber[edit]

The newly settled family quickly sent its leader, Sabah bin Jaber, to the Ottoman governor of Iraq in order to declare his allegiance to the Ottoman Sultan, who was also the Caliph of all Muslims. He did this in order to gain a legitimate status. Thus Kuwait became a virtually independent city with Sabah bin Jaber as its first ruler, in spite of it nominally being under Ottoman control.[1] Upon his death Sabah I was succeeded by his youngest son, Abdullah bin Sabah.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Casey, Michael S. (2000). The History of Kuwait. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 28, 144. ISBN 0313340730.
  2. ^ Some sources have Sabah I living to the age of at least 100, with a year of birth of c. 1652 and a year of death between 1758 and 1764
  3. ^ Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, Oman, and Central Arabia, Geographical, Volume 1, Historical Part 1, John Gordon Lorimer,1905, p1000
  4. ^ The Royal Ark
  5. ^ The Royal Ark
Sabah I bin Jaber
Born: c. 1700 Died: 1762
Regnal titles
New title
Independence of Kuwait, himself as governor from 1718
Sheikh of Kuwait
Succeeded by
Abdullah I Al-Sabah