Sabah State Legislative Assembly
|Sabah State Legislative Assembly
Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri Sabah
|14th Sabah State Legislative Assembly|
|Founded||25 September 1963|
Yang di-Pertua Negeri
Since 1 January 2011
Leader of the Opposition
Simple majority: 31
Two-thirds majority: 40
|Plurality: First-past-the-post (60 single-member constituencies)|
|5 May 2013|
|on or before 13 September 2018|
|Sabah State Legislative Assembly Building, Likas, Kota Kinabalu|
The Sabah State Legislative Assembly (Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri Sabah) is a part of the Legislature of Sabah, Malaysia, the other being the Governor of Sabah. The Assembly meets at the Sabah State Legislative Assembly Building at Likas in the state capital of Kota Kinabalu.
Like at the federal level in Malaysia, Sabah uses a Westminster-style parliamentary government, in which members are elected to the Legislative Assembly through general elections, from which the Chief Minister and the Cabinet are appointed based on majority support. The Chief Minister is head of government, while the Governor acts as head of state. The largest party not forming the government is known as the Official Opposition, its leader being recognized as Leader of the Opposition by the Speaker.
Members of the Assembly refer to themselves as "Members of the Legislative Assembly" (MLAs) and sometimes as "state assemblymen".
The current Assembly was elected on 5 May 2013 as part of the 14th Sabah State Legislative Assembly. Barisan Nasional retained the majority while Pakatan Rakyat and State Reform Party became the Opposition and the third party respectively. The first session of the 14th Sabah State Legislative Assembly opened on 17 June 2013.
In accordance with the traditions of the Westminster system, most laws originate with the cabinet (Government bills), and are passed by the legislature after stages of debate and decision-making. Ordinary members may introduce privately (Private Members' Bills), play an integral role in scrutinising bills in debate and committee and amending bills presented to the legislature by cabinet.
|Barisan Nasional||Musa Aman||Government||48||48|
|Pakatan Harapan||Lajim Ukin||Official Opposition||11||8|
|State Reform Party||Jeffrey Kitingan||Third party||1||1|
According to the Constitution of the State of Sabah, Chair occupants of the Assembly are appointed by the Governor on the Chief Minister's advice. They are:
- Speaker: Syed Abas Syed Ali (BN-UMNO), since 7 August 2015
- Deputy Speaker: Johnny Mositun (BN-PBS), since 29 April 2008
- Deputy Speaker: Johnson Tee (BN-PBRS), since 21 May 2013
Majority leader is always the Chief Minister, who also leads the Cabinet. He is appointed by the Governor on a basis that he is able to command a majority in the Assembly. Since the last election, Musa Aman (BN-UMNO) is the majority leader, the position he held since becoming the Chief Minister on 27 March 2003.
- Standing Orders of the Legislative Assembly of the State of Sabah (PDF). Retrieved 26 May 2016. Standing Orders 89, 90 and 91.
- Previously it was Pakatan Rakyat.