Sabahan languages

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sabahan
Geographic
distribution
Sabah, Borneo
Linguistic classification Austronesian
Glottolog nort3172  (Northeast Sabahan)[1]
sout3154  (Southwest Sabahan)[2]

The Sabahan languages are a group of Austronesian languages centered on the Bornean province of Sabah.

Languages[edit]

Blust (2010)[edit]

The constituents are separated into two families in Blust (2010):

Northeast Sabahan
Southwest Sabahan

Lobel (2013)[edit]

Lobel (2013, p. 47, 361) proposes the following internal classification of Southwest Sabahan, based on phonological and morphological evidence.[3]

Lobel (2013:367-368) lists the following Proto-Southwest Sabahan phonological innovations that were developed from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian. (Note: PSWSAB stands for Proto-Southwest Sabahan, while PMP stands for Proto-Malayo-Polynesian.)

  • PMP *h > PSWSAB Ø
  • PMP *a > PSWSAB *ə / _# (possibly be an areal feature in Sabah or northern Borneo, since this is also found in Idaanic)
  • PMP *R > PSWSAB *h / (a,i,u)_(a,ə,u)
  • PMP *R > PSWSAB *g / ə_
  • PMP *-m- > ø in PSWSAB reflexes of the PMP pronoun forms *kami ‘1EXCL.NOM’, *mami ‘1EXCL.GEN’, and *kamu ‘2PL.NOM’
  • Reduction of most PMP consonant clusters to either singletons or prenasalized clusters

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Northeast Sabahan". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Southwest Sabahan". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Lobel, Jason William (2013). "Southwest Sabah revisited". Oceanic Linguistics. 52: 36–68. doi:10.1353/ol.2013.0013. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 

References[edit]