Sabahan languages

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Sabahan
Geographic
distribution
Sabah, Borneo
Linguistic classification Austronesian
Glottolog nort3172  (Northeast Sabahan)[1]
sout3154  (Southwest Sabahan)[2]

The Sabahan languages are a group of Austronesian languages centered on the Bornean province of Sabah.

Languages[edit]

Blust (2010)[edit]

The constituents are separated into two families in Blust (2010):

Northeast Sabahan
Southwest Sabahan

Lobel (2013)[edit]

Lobel (2013, p. 47, 361) proposes the following internal classification of Southwest Sabahan, based on phonological and morphological evidence.[3]

Lobel (2013:367-368) lists the following Proto-Southwest Sabahan phonological innovations that were developed from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian. (Note: PSWSAB stands for Proto-Southwest Sabahan, while PMP stands for Proto-Malayo-Polynesian.)

  • PMP *h > PSWSAB Ø
  • PMP *a > PSWSAB *ə / _# (possibly be an areal feature in Sabah or northern Borneo, since this is also found in Idaanic)
  • PMP *R > PSWSAB *h / (a,i,u)_(a,ə,u)
  • PMP *R > PSWSAB *g / ə_
  • PMP *-m- > ø in PSWSAB reflexes of the PMP pronoun forms *kami ‘1EXCL.NOM’, *mami ‘1EXCL.GEN’, and *kamu ‘2PL.NOM’
  • Reduction of most PMP consonant clusters to either singletons or prenasalized clusters

Smith (2017)[edit]

Smith (2017)[4] proposes a North Borneo group containing the North Sarawak, Northeast Sabah, and Southwest Sabah branches.

  • Northeast Sabah (Bonggi, Idaanic)
  • Southwest Sabah
    • Greater Dusunic
      • Bisaya-Lotud-Dusunic
        • Bisaya-Lotud (Sabah and Limbang Bisaya, Brunei Dusun, Lotud)
        • Dusunic (Rungus, Kadazan, Kujau, Minokok, Dusun, Dumpas)
      • Paitanic (Beluran, Lingkabau, Lobu, Kuamut, Murut Serudong)
    • Greater Murutic
      • Tatana
      • Papar
      • Murutic (Murut (Nabaay, Timugon, Paluan, Tagol, Kalabakan), Gana, Tingalan, Kolod, Abai, Bulusu, Tidung (Bengawong, Sumbol, Kalabakan, Mensalong, Malinau))

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Northeast Sabahan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Southwest Sabahan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Lobel, Jason William (2013). "Southwest Sabah revisited". Oceanic Linguistics. 52: 36–68. doi:10.1353/ol.2013.0013. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  4. ^ Smith, Alexander. 2017. The Languages of Borneo: A Comprehensive Classification. PhD Dissertation: University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa.

References[edit]