Sabal maritima

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Sabal maritima
Sabal-maritima.jpg
Sabal maritima at Huerto del Cura botanic garden in Elche, Alicante, Spain
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Sabal
Species: S. maritima
Binomial name
Sabal maritima
(Kunth) Burret
Synonyms

Corypha maritima Kunth
Sabal taurina Mart.
Sabal florida Becc.
Sabal jamaicensis Becc.[1]

Sabal maritima, is a species of palm which is native to Jamaica and Cuba.

Description[edit]

Sabal maritima is a fan palm with solitary, stout stems, which grows up to 15 metres (49 ft) tall and 25–40 centimetres (10–16 in) in diameter. Plants have about 25 leaves, each with 70–110 leaflets. The inflorescences, which are branched and as long as the leaves, bear pear-shaped to globose, black fruit. The fruit are 0.8–1.4 centimetres (0.3–0.6 in) in diameter.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Sabal is placed in the subfamily Coryphoideae and the tribe Sabaleae.[3] As of 2008, there appear to be no molecular phylogenetic studies of Sabal.[3]

The species was first described by Carl Sigismund Kunth as Corypha maritima in 1816, based on collections made by Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland. It was transferred to the genus Sabal by Italian naturalist Odoardo Beccari in 1933.[1]

Andrew Henderson and colleagues noted that Sabal maritima, S. causiarum and S. domingensis form a species complex that may constitute a single species.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sabal maritima". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2009-06-10. 
  2. ^ a b Henderson, Andrew; Gloria Galeano; Rodrigo Bernal (1995). Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. pp. 64–65. ISBN 0-691-08537-4. 
  3. ^ a b Roncal, Julissa; Scott Zona; Carl E. Lewis (2008). "Molecular Phylogenetic Studies of Caribbean Palms (Arecaceae) and Their Relationships to Biogeography and Conservation". The Botanical Review. 74 (1): 78–102. doi:10.1007/s12229-008-9005-9. no