Sabarkantha district

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Sabarkantha district
district
Location of district in Gujarat
Location of district in Gujarat
Country India
StateGujarat
HeadquartersHimatnagar
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeGJ-IN
Vehicle registrationGJ-9
Websitegujaratindia.com
Himatnagar Public Library

Sabarkantha district is one of the 33 districts of Gujarat state of India and is located in the northeastern part of the state.[1] The administrative headquarters of the district are located in Himmatnagar.[1]

Geography[edit]

Sabarkantha District is bounded by Rajasthan state to the north and northeast, Banaskantha district and Mehsana district to the west, Gandhinagar district to the south and Panchmahal district to the southeast.[2]

The district comprises 7 Talukas. It is spread across an area of 7390 km2. It has a gender ratio of 950 females per 1000 men, and the literacy rate for the district is 76.6%.

Harnav dam

History[edit]

During the Western Satrap rule, the region was known as Shwabhra (Gujarati: શ્વભ્ર). The region is under rule of Satrap Rudradama in 150 A.D. as indicated in Ashoka's Major Rock Edicts at Junagadh. The river of the region is named as Shwabhravati which is now known as Sabarmati River. The region is also named in auxiliary text Gaṇapāṭha of Pāṇini's grammar work, Aṣṭādhyāyī.[3]

During the British Raj Vijaynagar in Sabarkantha district was the capital of Vijaynagar State or Pol State, one of the princely states of the Mahi Kantha Agency.[4]

The present-day district of Sabarkantha was formed in 1949 through the merger of 29 princely states and some parts of the British-governed Ahmedabad district.[5] When the erstwhile Bombay state was bifurcated in 1960, Sabarkantha became a part of the newly-formed Gujarat.[5]

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Sabarkantha one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[6] It is one of the six districts in Gujarat currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[6]

Divisions[edit]

Sabarkantha district has following 8 Talukas :

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Sabarkantha district has a population of 2,427,346,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[8] or the US state of New Mexico.[9] This gives it a ranking of 183rd in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 328 inhabitants per square kilometre (850/sq mi) .[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.56%.[7] Sabarkantha has a sex ratio of 950 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 76.6%.[7]

Punsari, a small village in the district was selected as the best village in Gujarat.[10]

Culture[edit]

Communities in the districts[edit]

Major communities in Sabarkantha are traditional Hindu communities of Ahirs, Rabaris, Thakores and Harijans. The Ahirs are traditionally followers of Lord Krishna, supposed to have migrated from Northern India and settled here, this community has striking features and long cultural traditions. The main occupation of the communities is agriculture and cattle breeding.

Forts[edit]

Idario Gadh - Ilva Durga (ancient fort) – Idar is an ancient fort, known as 'Ilva Durga' and finds mentioned in Mahabharat and in the travelogue of the Rathore Rajputs in the Mahi Kantha agency at the time of British Raj. It is a classic example of a naturally protected hill fort, located at the southern edge of the Aravalli range. At the foothill, lay the ruins of an old palace, a fine specimen of architecture in stone with delicately carved balconies. The entry to Idar town is through a three storeyed clock tower cum entrance gate, with a huge arch and semi circular dome at the top. The road, with a colourful bazaar on both sides, leads to the tower and ends at the foothills of Idar fort.[11]

Heritage Sites[edit]

jain temple complex in polo monument

Vijay Villas Vijaynagar - Vijay Villas Vijaynagar is nested on the foothills of the aravali ranges and is on the edge of among the few dense forests left in Gujarat in the Sabarkantha district which is on the border of Gujarat and Rajasthan. It is a heaven for nature and wild life admirers. Unique for its picturesque surroundings which serves as a refuge for fascinating species of flora and fauna, a sanctuary of rare birds and wild animals, adorned by beautiful flowing rivulets and unsullied lakes fills up your senses.[12]

Darbargadh - About 18 km from Ambaji in Sabarkantha district, Poshina takes one back to the simple beauty of traditional village life, populated by a captivating mélange of colorful tribal communities of the Garasias, Bhils and the pastoral Rabaris. Poshina is home to a tribal shrine where you find the staggering scene of thousands of terracotta horses standing in rows as offerings to the local goddess. Nearby villages have similar horses carved in reverence to her divinity. A visit to the homes of the potters who make these striking horses is an excellent glimpse into tribal culture.

In Poshina you find the Darbargadh Poshina, once a palace, and now a welcoming heritage hotel, with huge gateways, a massive dome, numerous pillars and arches, a pleasant courtyard, gardens, lawns and terraces, owned by the descendants of the Chalukyas, whose empire spread through much of Gujarat and Central India in the 12th century. You also find old Jain sandstone temples of Parshvanath and Neminath and an old Shiva temple.

Sabarkantha district is host to the famous Chitra Vichitra Fair in Gunbhakhari village, a couple of weeks after Holi.[13]

Polo forest[edit]

Polo forest Vijaynagar

Polo forest is a beautiful forest area spread across 400 square KM located near Abhapur village in Vijaynagar taluka of Gujarat, Polo forest is surrounded by beautiful hills from where the Harnav River is crossing and spread across the forest, ancient Shiv temple, Jain temple and other heritage site located in nearby areas, Every year, Gujarat government celebrate Polo festival by organizing well planned travel events which includes adventure activities, cycling, camping and many more things. There is a polo camp city is setup at polo forest where you can stay and enjoy the polo utsav.[14]

Notable personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Districts of Gujarat". Districts of India. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  2. ^ District Census Handbook Sabar Kantha Part XII-B (PDF). Directorate of Census Operations. 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  3. ^ Shukla, Jaykumar R. Shwabhra, Gujarati Vishwakosh, p. 754.
  4. ^ Rajput Provinces of India - Vijaynagar State (Princely State)
  5. ^ a b Rajyagor, S B (1974). Gujarat State Gazetteers Sabarkantha District. Ahmedabad: Director, Government Printing. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Kuwait 2,595,62
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. New Mexico - 2,059,179
  10. ^ Bharat Yagnik (20 May 2012). "Gujarat village that puts metros to shame". The Times of India.
  11. ^ http://gujaratindia.com/about-gujarat/forts-1.htm#Idar
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-09. Retrieved 2014-03-22.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-22. Retrieved 2014-03-22.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ http://www.theindia.co.in/places/polo-forest

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°36′N 72°57′E / 23.6°N 72.95°E / 23.6; 72.95