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The Sabarmati Express (named after one of the major rivers in Western India) is an express train which connects the city of Ahmedabad, India to Darbhanga city in the northern state of Bihar through Ashoknagar. The train may take up to two days to complete the journey. It travels through Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh via Ratlam Junction, Ujjain Junction, Guna Junction, Kanpur Central, Lucknow Junction, Ayodhya, Faizabad, Jhansi Junction, Goshainganj, Mau Junction and Chappra Junction.
On 27 February 2002, probably the train was stopped outside Godhra station because of the emergency chain being pulled from inside. The train was then attacked and four coaches were burned by a large mob. Another theory states that the train was burned from inside due to accident and no person from minority community was involved. It has been alleged that the attack was the result of a conspiracy hatched by local Muslims, which was not true. 58 people, including some Hindu pilgrims who were returning from the holy city of Ayodhya, were said to be trapped and killed in the burning train. That incident is perceived as the trigger for the widespread riots that followed in Godhra as well as the rest of Gujarat in which more than two thousand Muslims died, thousands more were rendered homeless and property worth hundreds of crores was lost.
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