Sabena Flight 548
A Sabena Boeing 707 similar to the crashed aircraft
|Date||February 15, 1961|
|Site||near Brussels, Belgium
|Injuries (non-fatal)||1 (initially)|
|Fatalities||73 (all, including 1 on ground)|
|Aircraft type||Boeing 707-320|
|Flight origin||Idlewild Airport, New York|
Sabena Flight 548, registration OO-SJB, was a Boeing 707 aircraft that crashed en route from New York City to Brussels, Belgium, on February 15, 1961, killing 73 people, including the entire U.S. figure skating team, which was on its way to the World Figure Skating Championships in Prague, Czechoslovakia.
The flight originated at Idlewild International Airport (now John F. Kennedy International Airport) and crashed on approach to Brussels's Zaventem Airport. All 72 on board were killed, as well as one person on the ground (Theo de Laet, a farmer, was struck by debris). The crash was the first fatal accident involving a Boeing 707 in regular passenger service, 28 months after it was placed into commercial use.[nb 1] It is also the deadliest plane crash to occur on Belgian soil.
The Boeing had to abort its landing at Brussels because of an aircraft blocking one of the runways, and tried to climb and circle towards another one. It started banking dangerously, but the attempts to level its wings caused it to spiral rapidly down to the ground, where it crashed on a farm.
The cause of the crash was never established, but is believed to have been a failure of the stabilizer-adjusting mechanism.
There was no indication of trouble on board the plane until it was forced to cancel its final approach to the Brussels airport, as a small plane had not yet cleared the runway.
Under clear skies at about 10:00 a.m. Brussels time, the Boeing jet was on a long approach to runway 20 when, near the runway threshold and at a height of 900 feet (270 m), power was increased and the landing gear retracted. The airplane attempted to circle and land on another runway, but never made it back to the airport. The plane made three 360 degrees turns to the left. During these turns, the bank angle increased more and more until the aircraft had climbed to 1,500 feet (460 m) and was in a near vertical bank. The 707 then leveled wings, abruptly pitched up, lost speed and started to spiral rapidly nose down towards the ground. It crashed and caught fire in a marshy area adjacent to a farm field near the village of Berg (then independent, nowadays part of Kampenhout), less than two miles (3 km) from the airport, at 10:04 a.m. Brussels Time.
The wreckage burst into flames, though it is believed that all 72 aboard were killed instantly. Theo de Laet, a farmer who was working in his fields, was killed by a piece of aluminum debris from the plane, and another farmer's leg was severed by flying debris. A priest who witnessed the troubled plane rushed to the scene but was driven back by the heat of the fire. Baudouin I, King of the Belgians, and his consort, Queen Fabiola, went to the scene of the disaster and provided comfort to the families of the dead and injured farmers.
The exact cause of the crash was never determined beyond reasonable doubt. Investigators suspected that the aircraft may have been brought down by a failure of the stabilizer-adjusting mechanism.
Loss of U.S. team
All 18 athletes of the 1961 U.S. figure skating team and 16 family members, coaches, and officials were among the fatalities. The dead included 9-time U.S. ladies' champion, turned coach, Maribel Vinson-Owen and her two daughters, reigning U.S. ladies' champion Laurence Owen (age 16) and reigning U.S. pairs champion Maribel Owen (age 20). Maribel Owen's pairs champion partner Dudley Richards and reigning U.S. men's champion Bradley Lord also died, along with U.S. ice dancing champions Diane Sherbloom and Larry Pierce. The team also lost U.S. men's silver medalist Gregory Kelley, U.S. ladies' silver medalist Stephanie Westerfeld, and U.S. ladies' bronze medalist Rhode Lee Michelson. Laurence Owen was the cover story for the February 13 issue of Sports Illustrated.
In office less than a month, President John F. Kennedy issued a statement of condolence from the White House. He was particularly touched by the disaster; pairs skater Richards was a personal friend of the Kennedy family from summers spent at Hyannis Port, Massachusetts.
Because the casualties included many of the top American coaches as well as the athletes, the crash was a devastating blow to the U.S. Figure Skating program, which had enjoyed a position of dominance in the sport in the 1950s. Although Scott Allen won a bronze medal at the 1964 Winter Olympics – becoming one of the youngest Olympic medalists in history – the United States would not regain prominence in the sport until the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France, where Peggy Fleming won gold in the ladies' event and Tim Wood the silver in the men's. The crash was also indirectly responsible for bringing foreign coaches such as Carlo Fassi and John Nicks to the United States. Fleming's coach in 1961 was William Kipp, who was also on the flight.
U.S. Figure Skating President F. Ritter Shumway, in office less than two months at the time of the accident, established the USFS Memorial Fund in honor of the crash victims. The fund, which is still in existence, is used to support the training of promising young figure skaters throughout the country. Olympic gold medalists Fleming and Scott Hamilton credit the fund with being vital to their careers.
A film about the event, called RISE, was commissioned by U.S. Figure Skating to celebrate American figure skating and commemorate the 50th anniversary of the accident. RISE was filmed in 2010 and shown in theaters nationwide for one day only: February 17, 2011, with one encore performance on March 7, 2011. The film was shown on the Versus network on October 22, 2011.
Vinson-Owen Elementary School, in Winchester, MA, is named in honor of three local people who died in the accident.
- Singles skaters
- Pairs skaters
- Ila Ray Hadley / Ray Hadley, Jr.
- Laurie Jean Hickox / William Holmes Hickox
- Maribel Owen / Dudley Richards
- Ice dancers
- Three 707s had crashed previously during training or test flights.
- "Brussels Tragedy", Flight magazine, 24 February 1961.
- "Air crash fatal to 73 is probed". Spokesman-Review. February 16, 1961. p. 1.
- Johnson, Bonnie D. (2011). "Still Crystal Clear". ESPN. Outside the Lines. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- "Jet crash wipes out U.S. skate team". Spokesman-Review. AP photo. February 16, 1961. p. 20.
- Ranter, Harro. "Aviation Safety Network > ASN Aviation Safety Database > Geographical regions index > ASN Aviation Safety Database results". Retrieved 27 September 2016.
- "Brussels nightmare in blazing sunshine: 73 die in plane crash". Montreal Gazette. February 16, 1961. p. 1.
- "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 707-329 OO-SJB Brussel-Zaventem Airport (BRU)". ASN Aviation Safety Database.
- Grimsby, Will (February 16, 1961). "Visions of skating crowns vanish in Brussels tragedy". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. p. 13.
- "Cream of U.S. skating ranks wiped out in air crash". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. February 16, 1961. p. 26.
- Heilman, Barbara (February 13, 1961). "Mother set the style". Sports Illustrated: 39.
- "Skating cancelled". Ottawa Citizen. Associated Press. February 16, 1961. p. 1.
- Armour, Nancy (February 10, 2011). "US skating program rose from ashes of '61 crash". USA Today. Associated Press.
- Swift, E.M. (February 21, 2011). "The Day the Music Stopped". Sports Illustrated: 70–75.
- Kekis, John (November 14, 1995). "Still golden after all these years". Free Lance Star. Fredericksburg, Virginia. Associated Press. p. A7.
- "Welcome to U.S. Figure Skating". Usfsa.org. 1961-02-15. Retrieved 2015-10-24.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 16, 2011. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
- "Vinson-Owen Elementary School". Retrieved 27 September 2016.
- "List of victims on Belgian plane". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. February 16, 1961. p. 23.
- "World ended in fire for U.S. ice queen". Deseret News. UPI. February 15, 1961. p. 1A.
- Duffy, Bob. "Shattered Dreams: Potential for Greatness of 18 Skaters Perished En Route to Prague," The Boston Globe. December 29, 2000, p. E16.
- Nichols, Nikki. Frozen in Time: The Enduring Legacy of the 1961 U.S. Figure Skating Team. Emmis Books, 2006. ISBN 1-57860-260-2.
- Accident description at the Aviation Safety Network
- Silent newsreel footage of the crash scene (1961) from British Pathé (Record No:68364) at YouTube
- Photo of the crash scene
- US Figure Skating Memorial Fund
- RISE, a documentary movie about the 1961 team - will be shown in theaters in Feb 2011
- Other incidents involving Sabena
- Book about the crash
- I Dream of Genealogy Memorial to Victims of Sabena Flight 548