Sabetta

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Russian icebreaker Tor in the ice-covered port of Sabetta

Sabetta (Russian: Сабетта) is the location of a port and LNG plant—Yamal LNG—on the Yamal Peninsula, in the north of Russia.

Location[edit]

The site chosen for the port is on the western shore of the Ob estuary, on the Yamal peninsula. It is close to, and will serve, the Yuzhno-Tambeyskoye gas field.[1]

Project[edit]

The port is a joint venture between Novatek—a large producer of natural gas—and the Russian government. The groundbreaking ceremony was held in July 2012,[2] but construction of the port itself was scheduled to begin in the summer of 2013.[3] The project includes a large LNG plant, capable of producing 16.5 million tons of LNG per year. The port would allow LNG to be exported by sea, year round, from Siberian oil & gas fields. Construction of the LNG plant itself is contracted to JGC and Technip.

A 180 km railway line is being built, connecting Bovanenkovo to Sabetta.[4]

In December 2014, amid the 2014–15 Russian financial crisis, the Russian government gave a 150 billion rouble subsidy to the LNG project.

The port and first phase of the plant were opened by President Putin on 8 December 2017.[5]

Transportation[edit]

Sabetta International Airport (IATA: SBT, ICAO: USDA) is serving the city. A $3.22 billion proposal for a railway project connecting Sabetta to the broader Eurasian rail network has been approved.[6]

Shipping[edit]

The port requires extensive dredging of channels; this is being performed by DEME.[7] Ice also poses serious challenges to shipping.

DSME is building fifteen LNG carriers for the project.[8]

As well as LNG exports, some goods imports are expected too; the port plan includes at least one berth for customs inspections of foreign ships.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Russian crisis money for Yamal". Barents Observer. 5 January 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "Port of Sabetta". Ship Technology. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  3. ^ "Construction of Sabetta port to start this summer". Barents Observer. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  4. ^ "More details announced for the Arctic Northern Sea Route expansion" (16 December 2014). Siberian Times. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  5. ^ "Putin opens Russia's $27bn Arctic LNG plant". Russia Today. 2017-12-08. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  6. ^ Gudjonsson, Heidar; Nielsson, Egill Thor (March 31, 2017). "China's Belt and Road Enters the Arctic". The Diplomat. Retrieved April 1, 2017. The proposed $3.22 billion railway connecting Sabetta Port to the Eurasian railway network was recently awarded Russia’s infrastructure project of the year. 
  7. ^ "Sabetta Port Project". DEME. Archived from the original on 6 March 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "DSME beats Hyundai Heavy in shipbuilding performance". Hellenic Shipping News. 6 January 2015. Archived from the original on 2 August 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 

Coordinates: 71°16′24″N 72°04′21″E / 71.2733°N 72.0725°E / 71.2733; 72.0725