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CourseBreakfast (among Iraqi Jews) and Street food (entire country), Sandwich
Place of originIsrael
Main ingredientsTraditionally laffa, although Israeli pita is often used, eggplant, hard boiled eggs, Israeli salad, amba, parsley, tahini sauce, and hummus
Ingredients generally usedPotato, onion, and zhug

Sabich or sabih (Hebrew: סביח[saˈbiχ]) is an Israeli sandwich based on a traditional Iraqi Jewish dish. The ingredients of sabich constitute the traditional breakfast of Iraqi Jews on Shabbat morning. Sabich differs from this meal in that all the ingredients are put into a pita as opposed to the tradtional meal where the ingredients were served on a large tray. Sabich is sold in many businesses throughout Israel.

It consists of pita or laffa stuffed with fried eggplant, hard boiled eggs, Israeli salad, parsley, amba and tahini sauce.[1]


Sabich as served in a pita.

There are several theories on the origin of the name sabich.

Many credit the name to the first name of Sabich Tsvi Halabi, a Jewish man born in Iraq who operated a small Ramat Gan restaurant, who is credited for originally serving the sandwich. [2][3]

It may come from the Arabic word صباح [sˤaˈbaːħ], which means "morning", as the ingredients in the sabich are typical for an Iraqi breakfast.[2]

Another is that it is an acronym of the Hebrew words "Salat, Beitsa, Yoteir Ḥatsil" סלט ביצה יותר חציל, meaning "salad, egg, more eggplant". This is probably a humorous interpretation and hence a backronym.


The ingredients which make up sabich were brought to Israel by Iraqi Jews who came as refugees to Israel in the 1940s and 1950s. On the Sabbath, when no cooking is allowed, Iraqi Jews ate a cold meal of precooked fried eggplant, boiled potatoes and hard-boiled eggs. In Israel, these ingredients were stuffed in a pita and sold as fast food.

The dish is said to have first sold in Israel in 1961 at a small stall on Uziel Street in Ramat Gan.[4][3]

A version without the bread or pita is called Sabich salad (Salat Sabich in Hebrew).


Sabich, served in pita bread, traditionally contains fried eggplant slices, hard-cooked eggs, a thin tahini sauce (tahini, lemon juice, and garlic), Israeli Salad, chopped parsley, and amba, a condiment similar to mango chutney. Some versions use boiled potatoes. Traditionally it is made with haminados eggs, slow-cooked in Hamin until they turn brown. According to the diner's preference it can be served topped with green or red zhug as a condiment and sprinkled with minced onion.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Tales of a wandering chickpea". The Santa Fe New Mexican. Archived from the original on 2012-06-30. Retrieved 2008-10-21.
  2. ^ a b "אין כמו, אין כמו עמבה: מדריך הסביח - מדן ועד אילת", ynet, 12.11.06
  3. ^ a b Ungerleider, Neal (1 April 2011). "Hybrid Power: The Iraqi-Israeli Sabich". Saveur. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011.
  4. ^ [ Walla News 2007