Sabiha Gökçen International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Istanbul Sabiha Gökçen
International Airport

İstanbul Sabiha Gökçen
Uluslararası Havalimanı
Sabiha Gökçen International Airport logo.svg
Sabiha Gökçen Airport.JPG
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerHEAŞ (Airport Management & Aeronautical Industries Inc)
OperatorMalaysia Airports
ServesIstanbul, Turkey
LocationPendik, Istanbul
Hub for
Time zone(UTC+3)
Elevation AMSL312 ft / 95 m
Coordinates40°53′54″N 29°18′33″E / 40.89833°N 29.30917°E / 40.89833; 29.30917Coordinates: 40°53′54″N 29°18′33″E / 40.89833°N 29.30917°E / 40.89833; 29.30917
Websitesabihagokcen.aero
Map
SAW is located in Istanbul
SAW
SAW
Location of airport in Istanbul
SAW is located in Turkey
SAW
SAW
SAW (Turkey)
SAW is located in Europe
SAW
SAW
SAW (Europe)
SAW is located in Earth
SAW
SAW
SAW (Earth)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 3,000 9,843 Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passengers31,385,841
Passenger change 16–17Increase6%
Aircraft movements219,656
Movements change 16–17Decrease5%
Source: Turkish AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]
Passenger Traffic, ACI Europe[2]

Sabiha Gökçen International Airport (IATA: SAW, ICAO: LTFJ) is one of three international airports serving Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey. Located 35 km (22 mi) southeast[1] of the city center, Sabiha Gökçen Airport is in the Asian part of the bi-continental Istanbul and serves as the hub for some airliners, including Pegasus Airlines as well as a secondary base for Turkish Airlines and Borajet (currently suspended). The facility is named after Sabiha Gökçen, adoptive daughter of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and the first female fighter pilot in the world.[3] Although the neighboring Istanbul Atatürk Airport is larger, Sabiha Gökçen is still one of the largest airports in the country.

Overview[edit]

The airport was built because Atatürk International Airport (located on the European side) was not large enough to meet the booming passenger demands (both domestic and international). In June 2007, Turkish conglomerate Limak Holding, India's GMR Group and Malaysia Airport Holding Berhad (MAHB) consortium gained the contract for upgrading and maintaining the airport. In mid-2008, ground was broken to upgrade the international terminal to handle 25 million passengers annually. The new terminal was inaugurated on 31 October 2009.

SAW's international terminal capacity originally was 3 million passengers per year and the domestic terminal capacity was 0.5 million passengers per year. In 2010, Sabiha Gökçen airport handled 11,129,472 passengers, a 71% increase compared to 2009.[4] The airport was planning (in 2011) to host 25 million passengers by 2023,[5][6] but had already handled more than 31 million passengers by 2017.

In September 2010, the airport was voted the World's Best Airport at the World Low Cost Airlines Congress in London and received the award.[7] The other awards received by the airport in 2010 were: Turkey’s Most Successful Tourism Investment 2010, the highly commended award from Routes Europe, and the Airport Traffic Growth Award by Airline News & Network Analysis web site anna.aero.[8]

With 28,285,578 passengers and 206,180 aircraft movements in 2015, Sabiha Gökçen International Airport is the third busiest single-runway airport in the world, after Mumbai and London Gatwick. However, both Mumbai and Gatwick actually have two runways and are only considered "single-runway" because they can only operate the second runway if the main one is out of use. This makes Sabiha Gökçen the world's busiest true single-runway airport.[9]

A second runway is currently being built and is expected to be operational in June 2019.[10] The second runway will increase the hourly capacity from 40 to 80 movements.

Terminals[edit]

The new terminal building with a 25 million annual passenger capacity conducts domestic and international flights under one roof.

The features and services of the new terminal and its outlying buildings include:

  • a four-storey car park with a capacity of about 4,718 vehicles + 72 bus (3.836 indoors and 882 + 72 bus outdoors).
  • a four-storey hotel with 128 rooms, adjacent to the terminal and with separate entrances at air and ground sides.
  • 112 check-in, 24 online check-in counters
  • a VIP building & apron viewing CIP halls with business lounges
  • Multi Aircraft Ramp System (MARS), allowing simultaneous service to 8 aircraft with large fuselages (IATA code E) or 16 middle-sized fuselage aircraft (IATA code C).
  • a 400 m² conference center
  • 5,000 m² food court, for cafés and restaurants belonging the leading food & beverage brands
  • a duty-free shopping area, with a ground of 4,500 square-meters; with shops at international standards.

The airport's cargo terminal has a capacity of 90,000 tons per year and is equipped with 18 cold storage depots.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Sabiha Gökçen International Airport:[11]

AirlinesDestinations
Air Arabia Sharjah
Air Arabia Maroc Casablanca
Air Manas Bishkek
AnadoluJet Adana, Ankara, Bodrum, Diyarbakır, Edremit, Erzincan, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Hatay, Kars, Kayseri, Mardin, Nevşehir, Ordu–Giresun, Samsun, Sivas, Trabzon, Van
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku
Buta Airways Baku[12]
Emirates Dubai–International[13]
FlyBaghdad Baghdad
flydubai Dubai–International
Flynas Jeddah, Madinah, Riyadh
Jordan Aviation Amman-Queen Alia
Nile Air Cairo
Pegasus Airlines Abu Dhabi,[14] Adana, Almaty, Amasya/Merzifon, Amsterdam, Ankara, Antalya, Athens, Baghdad, Bahrain, Balıkesir/Edremit, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Batman, Beirut, Belgrade, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bishkek, Bodrum, Bologna, Bucharest, Budapest, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dalaman, Denizli, Diyarbakır, Doha, Dubai–International, Düsseldorf, Elazığ, Erbil, Ercan, Erzincan, Erzurum, Frankfurt, Gaziantep, Gazipaşa, Geneva, Grozny, Hamburg, Hannover, Hatay, Hurghada, Izmir, Kahramanmaraş, Kastamonu, Kars, Kayseri, Kharkiv, Konya, Krasnodar, Kuwait, London–Stansted, Lviv, Lyon, Madrid, Malatya, Mardin, Marseille, Milan–Malpensa, Mineralnye Vody, Moscow–Domodedovo, Munich, Münster/Osnabrück, Muş, Muscat,[15] Nevşehir, Nice, Nizhniy Novgorod,[14] Nuremberg, Oslo–Gardermoen, Ordu–Giresun, Paris–Orly, Prague, Pristina, Rome–Fiumicino, Rotterdam (begins 16 December 2018),[16] Samara,[14] Samsun, Şanlıurfa, Sarajevo, Sharm el-Sheikh, Sivas, Skopje, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Sulaymaniyah, Tbilisi, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tirana, Trabzon, Van, Volgograd,[14] Vienna, Zaporizhia, Zürich
Pobeda Moscow–Vnukovo,[17] Saint Petersburg[18]
Qatar Airways Doha
SunExpress Antalya, Izmir
Turkish Airlines Amsterdam, Ankara, Antalya, Baghdad, Barcelona, Berlin–Tegel, Bodrum, Brussels, Dalaman, Doha,[19] Dubai–International, Düsseldorf, Ercan, Frankfurt, Izmir, Jeddah, Kuwait, London–Gatwick, Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Riyadh, Rome–Fiumicino, Stuttgart, Tbilisi, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Vienna
Seasonal: Erbil, Bahrain
Wings of Lebanon Charter: Beirut

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
ASL Airlines BelgiumLiege
Buraq AirMisrata
CargoluxAmman–Queen Alia, Luxembourg
CAVOK AirLviv
Ethiopian Airlines CargoAddis Ababa, Liege
Fars Air QeshmTehran-Mehrabad
MNG AirlinesLeipzig/Halle, Barcelona, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Doha
MyCargo AirlinesBaku, Beirut, Frankfurt, Liege
Silk Road CargoTashkent
Silk Way AirlinesBaku
Ukraine Air AllianceLviv, Kiev
ULS Airlines CargoBeirut, Misrata, Tallinn, Tripoli

Statistics[edit]

Traffic figures[edit]

Terminal building
Check-in area
View of the apron
İstanbul Sabiha Gökçen International Airport passenger traffic statistics[20]
Year Domestic % change International % change Total % change
2017 21,056,767 Increase 4% 10,329,074 Increase 9% 31,385,841 Increase 6%
2016 20,131,365 Increase 9% 9,446,370 Decrease 1% 29,577,735 Increase 5%
2015 18,535,463 Increase 24% 9,576,975 Increase 12% 28,108,738 Increase 20%
2014 15,008,600 Increase 26% 8,499,541 Increase 29% 23,508,141 Increase 27%
2013 11,947,424 Increase 23% 6,694,418 Increase 35% 18,641,842 Increase 27%
2012 9,486,469 Increase 9% 5,000,773 Increase 13% 14,487,242 Increase 10%
2011 8,704,249 Increase 16% 4,420,421 Increase 20% 13,124,670 Increase 17%
2010 7,435,158 Increase 65% 3,694,314 Increase 84% 11,129,472 Increase 71%
2009 4,547,673 Increase 63% 2,092,285 Increase 33% 6,639,958 Increase 52%
2008 2,764,856 Increase 9% 1,516,337 Increase 27% 4,281,193 Increase 15%
2007 2,528,549 Increase 17% 1,191,946 Increase 56% 3,720,495 Increase 28%
2006 2,153,561 Increase 285% 762,893 Increase 66% 2,916,454 Increase 186%
2005 559,824 Increase 5,323% 459,922 Increase 96% 1,019,746 Increase 315%
2004 10,323 Increase 265% 235,278 Increase 52% 245,601 Increase 56%
2003 2,826 154,346 157,172

Passenger development[edit]

Sabiha Gökçen passenger totals, 2005–2017 (millions)

Ground transport[edit]

Sabiha Gökçen International Airport is connected to the city of Istanbul and the city's wider metropolitan area through a number of transport options.

Rail[edit]

The airport is located 14 km from the district of Pendik's railway and sea-taxi stations but a connection via Marmaray is planned.

Metro[edit]

The M4 metro line is being extended towards the airport. The current terminus at Tavşantepe is about 10 km from the airport and reachable by taxi or bus E9.

Shuttlebuses and coaches[edit]

Shuttlebuses E10 and E11 serve Taksim and Kadıköy and there are coaches to nearby towns and cities.

Car and taxi[edit]

The airport is reachable by car from the E80 (Trans-European Motorway) which passes through the Istanbul Metropolitan Area.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 23 December 2015 at approximately 2:00 AM, explosions were reported to have occurred in a parked Pegasus Airlines aircraft, killing one cleaner and wounding another inside the plane. Five nearby planes were reported to be damaged as well. The operations were reported to continue normally soon after, however with heightened security measured in place.[21] Three days later, it was reported that PKK-affiliated terrorist group Kurdistan Freedom Falcons had organized the attack.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b EAD Basic. Ead.eurocontrol.int. Retrieved on 2011-08-01.
  2. ^ "ACI EUROPE Airport Traffic Report. December, Q4 and Full Year 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  3. ^ "First female combat pilot". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2018-04-19.
  4. ^ 2010 airport statistics. Retrieved on 2011-08-01.
  5. ^ İstanbul's 2nd Airport To Reach 25 Million Passengers By 2023. Nasdaq.com (2011-05-24). Retrieved on 2011-08-01.
  6. ^ Sabiha Gökçen'de rekor yolcu sayısı. Hurriyet.com.tr. Retrieved on 2011-08-01.
  7. ^ Sabiha Gökçen dünyanın en iyi havalimanı seçildi – Hürriyet Ekonomi. Hurriyet.com.tr. Retrieved on 2011-08-01.
  8. ^ "EURO ANNIES 2011: Airport Awards". anna.aero Airline Network News & Analysis. Retrieved 19 May 2011. In December 2013, MAHB acquired GMR's 40 percent stake in a deal worthed 225 million euros.
  9. ^ V, Manju (13 May 2017). "Now, Mumbai world's busiest airport with only one runway". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  10. ^ World`s busiest single-runway commercial airports. Retrieved on 2016-11-13.
  11. ^ sabihagokcen.aero - Flight Destinations retrieved 3 August 2016
  12. ^ "Timetable of Buta Airways flights". Buta Airways.
  13. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Emirates resumes Istanbul Sabiha Gokcen route from June 2018".
  14. ^ a b c d "Pegasus adds new international routes from June 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  15. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Pegasus adds Muscat service from July 2018".
  16. ^ "Pegasus adds Hamburg / Rotterdam service in W18". routesonline.com. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  17. ^ Pobeda adds Moscow – Istanbul Sabiha Gokcen service from late-Sep 2018 Routesonline. 16 September 2018.
  18. ^ Liu, Jim (25 August 2018). "Pobeda adds new European routes from Kaliningrad / St. Petersburg in 4Q18". Routesonline. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
  19. ^ "Turkish Airlines adds Istanbul Sabiha Gokcen – Doha from late-Oct 2018". Routesonline. 9 October 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  20. ^ DHMİ Genel Müdürlüğü. "Devlet Hava Meydanları İşletmesi Genel Müdürlüğü". dhmi.gov.tr. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  21. ^ Daren Butler (23 December 2015). "Suspected bomb kills one at Istanbul airport, investigation launched". Reuters UK.
  22. ^ "PKK-affiliated terrorist group claims responsibility for Istanbul airport attack". DailySabah. 26 December 2015.

External links[edit]

Media related to Sabiha Gökçen International Airport at Wikimedia Commons