Sabine County, Texas
The Sabine County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Sabine River|
|• Total||577 sq mi (1,490 km2)|
|• Land||491 sq mi (1,270 km2)|
|• Water||85 sq mi (220 km2) 15%%|
|• Density||22/sq mi (8/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Sabine County is a county located on the central eastern border of the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 10,834. Its county seat is Hemphill. The county was organized on December 14, 1837, and named for the Sabine River, which forms its eastern border.
National Protected Areas
- Sabine National Forest (part)
Adjacent counties and parish
- Shelby County (north)
- Sabine Parish, Louisiana (east)
- Newton County (south)
- Jasper County (southwest)
- San Augustine County (west)
Like other eastern Texas counties, Sabine was originally developed as cotton plantations, which depended on the labor of numerous enslaved African Americans. After the Civil War and emancipation, many freedmen remained in the rural area, working as tenant farmers and sharecroppers. There was considerable violence by whites against blacks during and after Reconstruction. After 1877 and through the early 20th century, Sabine County had 10 lynchings of blacks by whites in acts of racial terrorism. This was the fourth-highest total in the state, where lynchings took place in nearly all counties through this period.
From 1930 to 1970, the population declined as many African Americans left this rural county and other parts of the South in the Great Migration to escape Jim Crow oppression and seek better jobs, especially in Northern industrial cities and on the West Coast, where the defense industry built up beginning during World War II.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 10,469 people, 4,485 households, and 3,157 families residing in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile (8/km2). There were 7,659 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.85% White, 9.92% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 1.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 4,485 households, out of which 23.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.78.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 21.10% under the age of 18, 5.60% from 18 to 24, 21.10% from 25 to 44, 27.20% from 45 to 64, and 24.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 93.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $27,198, and the median income for a family was $32,554. Males had a median income of $28,695 versus $21,141 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,821. About 11.80% of families and 15.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.90% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of those age 65 or over.
The following school districts serve Sabine County:
- Brookeland Independent School District (partial)
- Hemphill Independent School District
- Shelbyville Independent School District (partial)
- West Sabine Independent School District
- Brookeland (partly in Jasper County)
- Pendleton Harbor
Sabine County has become a solidly Republican county since the beginning of the 21st century but previously leaned Democratic, voting for Bill Clinton in both 1992 and 1996 and also against Texas native George H. W. Bush in 1988.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Sabine County, Texas
- Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Sabine County
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
- Lynching in America, Third Edition: Supplement by County, pp. 9-10, Equal Justice Initiative, Mobile, AL, 2017
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sabine County, Texas.|
- Sabine County website
- Sabine County Chamber of Commerce
- Sabine County from the Handbook of Texas Online