Sabiniano Manrique de Lara

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Sabiniano Manrique de Lara was Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines Islands, 25 July 1653 – 8 September 1663.


He succeeded Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines Islands Diego Fajardo Chacon y Entenza, who served from 11 August 1644 to 25 July 1653. He was a cadet brother of the Juan Fajardo de Guevara, 1st Marquis of Espinardo, a title awarded by King Philip IV of Spain in 1626, the purchaser of former morisco populated lands, and may have been connected with the "Fajardo Chacón" Royal Accountants family, from the Murcia and Almeria lands, who obtained earlier the title of Marquis of los Marquis of Los VélezVélez, a title awarded by Queen Joan I of Castile "the Mad", in 1507.

The attacks on Manila in April 1662 of the Taiwanese - Chinese seafarer Koxinga, a.k.a. Koseng, who drove the Dutch from Taiwan, a.k.a. Formosa Island, prompted him to secure help from the Spanish soldiers settled at Zamboanga, 6° 54′ 0″ N, 122° 4′ 0″ E, a.k.a. Bagumbayan, Mindanao Island, since April 1635 to counteract Koxinga previsible military actions in Manila.

The Jesuit father Francisco Xavier Baranera records, however, Koxinga's death on 23 July 1662. On 8 September 1663, Manrique de Lara was replaced by Diego de Salcedo, who was chosen by the king on 2 December 1661, but effective 8 September 1663 – 28 September 1668.

He arrived at Manila, overland from Cagayan, 8 September 1663. Troubles with archbishop and ecclesiastics led to his arrest by the Holy Office of the Inquisition, 28 September 1668. He was sent to Mexico for trial in 1669, but died at sea and later was exonerated by the Inquisition of Mexico.

He was replaced in the interim by Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz, Junior auditor of Manila Audiencia who succeeded as governor (ad interim) by trickery, 28 September (?), 1668 -24 September 1669. He later took refuge in Recoletos convent, being replaced by Manuel de Leon, native of Paredes de Nava, Spain and military officer, who was appointed by royal provision 24 June 1668. He arrived in Manila, 24 September 1669 but became embroiled with the archbishop in 1673, and died on 11 April 1677.

Some references[edit]

  • Luis de Salazar : "Historia genealógica de la Casa de Lara", (1697), vol 2, pag. 872: (see in Internet):

Modern reprints of this monumental work can be found sometimes at the Spanish Government Public Libraries also.

  • Compendio de La Historia de Filipinas Por El P. Francisco X. Baranera de La ...

Author: Baranera, Francisco Xavier, Publisher: BIBLIOBAZAAR. Language: English, (????), EAN: 978-0554575919, August 2008 - 148 Pages Paperback. Found searching IT second hand bookshops.

  • "Compendio de la historia de Filipinas" por el P. Francisco X. Baranera de la Compañia de Jesus ... Obra de texto para la 2.a enseñanza, Manila, 1884, 131 pp. in Spanish. The Philippines were under Spanish Administration over three centuries, till 1898, whereby Cuba, Puerto Rico and Philippines passed to U.S.A. Military Administration. Cuba, some 111,000 km2., became fully independent on 20 May 1902.
  • Template:Governor-General of the Philippines