Sabirabad District

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Sabirabad rayonu.jpg
Map of Azerbaijan showing Sabirabad Rayon
Map of Azerbaijan showing Sabirabad Rayon
Country Azerbaijan
Capital Sabirabad
 • Mayor Nazim Ismailov
 • Total 1,469,6 km2 (5,674 sq mi)
Population (2018)[2][3]
 • Total 174,813
 • Density 119/km2 (310/sq mi)
Postal code AZ 5400
Telephone code (+994) 21
Vehicle registration 54 AZ

Sabirabad is a rayon of Azerbaijan whose capital which lies at the junction of the Araz and Kura rivers. Sabirabad is its administrative center. The low-lying area is dependent on canals and dams whose damage during 2010 caused waters from Lake Sarisu to flood several of the region's villages.[4][5]

There are State Social-Economic College, Vocational High School, 85 general education schools, 22 kindergartens and out-of-school education institutions. 126 healthcare and 77 healthcare facilities serve the population. The basis of the economy of the region is agriculture and industry.


The area of Sabirabad is rich with ancient monuments and settlements. As a result of the excavation in the district, ancient necropolis as well as settlements which belong to V-I, V-II, and I B.C were found in Surra, Javad, Abdulyan, Garatepe, Guruzma, Garagashil, Bulagli, Zangana and Galagayin. Materials which were found in “Shahargah” place of the village show that the ancient findings belong to 11th-12th centuries. Historically, some nations attacked Mughan lands known as “Khaver zemin”, “Guneshli land”. However, all those pressures were overcome. Since that time, “Khaver Zamin” replaced with Galagain. Currently, Sabirabad district has Galagayin village. Archaeological investigations carried out in Sugovushan where Kura Araz is located in the northern part of Mugan, Starting from the VI millennium, it enlightens history, household and farm. The territory of the Sabirabad district is historically included in the Mughan plain. In the ancient times of Mugan, Midian, e. It was the state of Atropathena from the 4th century. The Albanian state covered the territory of the southern part of the Kurdish part of the Kura with the Araz from the point of Khazar, including the territory of the present Sabirabad district. Mugan is one of the regions where early irrigation systems are formed. In the third millennium BC, the main occupation of the population living here was agriculture and cattle breeding. Here craftsmanship and carpet weaving were widely developed. In the Bronze Age artifacts, garnished and pear-shaped cubes are attracted to the attention. Most of them were used for economic purposes. Some of the many cube graves found in archaeological excavations are rounded. These cubes belong to domestic production.Significant quantities of pottery have been found in medieval settlements of the region. In written sources, valuable information was given on the carpet, sack, saddlebag and palace production in Mugan. Numuzmatik materials were found in the town, which was found near Zanganne village of the district. In 1926, it was discovered that the coins, which were found in the same area as the "Sabirabad treasure" in the history of Azerbaijan, belonged to Shirvanshah-Kesrani. These units belong to I Axistana (end of XII century), II Togrula (1177-1194), II Farubuz. Money belonging to Eldegiz and Shirvanshahs in this region was later discovered. In the 9th century, as a result of the Arab caliphate weakening, several independent feudal states emerged in Azerbaijan. There is also a relatively small feudal state, such as Mughanshalik. Arab sources of that time indicate that Mughan Allan shah (Amukhan shah) was in power during the Sassanid era and Mugan was included in the Arab caliphate. Javad lands, which is an important part of modern Sabirabad-historic lands, have been part of the state of Sacids in the IX-X centuries, in the middle of the X century and the Salaris (941-981) in the middle of the XI century in the Mazidian state. Although Javad was part of the Shirvanshahs state in the 15th century, frequent changes took place at that time. The majority of the Mughan lands were included in the Garagoyunlu state, then Aggoyunlu and Safavid states in 1410-1468. Javad in the XVII century included Shirvanshahlar baylarbeyi, western part of Mugan was included in Garabagh Beylerbey. Javad, the largest village in the district, has been a historic city, and the name originates from the 16th century. Located at the junction of the Kura and Araz rivers, Javad was one of the main cities of the Shirvan beys, and as a part of the Safavid state, it was a land of art and trade. A prominent historian, Abbasqulu Bakikhanov, wrote in Gulistani-Iram: "In 1606, Shah Abbas moved to Cavada (a village near Araz's Kura) in Azerbaijan. Having gone through some difficulties, the Shah moved forward to Shamakhi, which was free of charge. After resolving all the problems of Shah Abbas in Shirvan and Dagestan, Ali Bey gave Javanshir the task of ponton bridge over the Kura River to carry troops to Ardabil.During the Safavid-Ottoman War, Cavad was occupied by the Ottomans, in 1607 the Ottomans dissolved the Javad Basin to prevent the Safavids from entering Shirvan. Abbasqulu Bakikhanov wrote in his work "From the history of the Baku khanates": "On January 15, 1148 (in the new calendar of 1736) Nadir dugged tribes in Dagestan and returned to the camp near the Javad passage in Mugan Plain. Here all the servants of the Persians were waiting for him. After more than one month of dispute among the ancestors, Nadir was proclaimed king on February 25, 1148 (1736). " In the 40s of the XVIII century, the power of Nadir Shah and the Persian Persians were devastated and formed 17 khanates. In the small khanates, the Cavad khanate was particularly noteworthy. The center of this khanate was Javad. The main territory of the khanate was on the right bank of the Kura river, and a small part was on the left bank of the river.

The biggest village of the district is Javad which has been a historical city. Javad has been a center of Javad Khanlig. Javad became part of Guba Khanlig in 1768. When Azerbaijan became part of Russia, a number of Russians were settled in Javad. The district was named Petropavlovka in 1888. After joining Russia again on May 1, 1920, Petropavlovsk started operating for the first time as a new state power body of the Salyan Accident Circular Revolutionary Committee. From May 1, 1921 to April 8, 1929, Sabirabad region operated as the Petropavlovsk district of Salyan. On April 8, 1929, by the crash of the VI All-Soviet Soviet Congress, it was called the Petropavlovsk district of Mugan district. On August 8, 1930, according to the Central Executive Committee's decision # 476, the county system was abolished and Peropavlovka was an independent region

On October 7 1931, Petropavlokva was renamed after famous Azerbaijani satirical poet M.A.Sabir with the decree of Azerbaijan Central Executive Committee. Since 1959 the district has been called Sabirabad.


The rayon is located in the south of Mugan plain.[6] Rayon borders upon Kurdamir Rayon in the north for a distance of 30 km, Shamakhi Rayon in the north-west for a distance of 5 km, Shirvan city in the south for a distance of 24 km, Salyan Rayon in the south-west for a distance of 48 km, Bilasuvar Rayon in the south for a distance of 18 km, Saatly Rayon in the east for a distance of 136 km and Imishli Rayon for a distance of 8 km. Its length from the north to the south is 66 km, and from the east to the west is 24 km. A part of the rayon’s territory is on the right coast of the Kura River, in Shirvan plain.[7]


Total number of secondary schools: 85

1) In the city: 9

2) In the villages: 76

Complete Secondary Schools: 65

1) In the city 8

2) Villages 57

Secondary schools: 15

1) In the city 1

2) In the villages 14

Primary schools: 5

Number of pupils in the region: 24606

Number of teachers in the district: 2688

Number of technical staff in the district: 1084

Number of out-of-school education institutions: 1

Number of students involved in these enterprises: 348


The Sabirabad District Youth and Sports Department has been operating since 1994. Since its inception, the management has united around all sports organizations. Sabirabad Olympic Sports Complex was commissioned in 2008 on the initiative of our prime-minister Ilham Aliyev. The commissioning of the Sabirabad RIC has made a great contribution to the development of the Sabirabad district. At present, Sabirabad Olympic Sports Complex is training freestyle wrestling, boxing, mini football, karate, simulator, ping-pong, swimming and athletics. Information on the activities of the Sabirabad District Youth and Sport Office can be obtained from the official website of the Department.


In Sabirabad region, 24 telephone stations are provided to the population via telephone. All coordinate type ATSs have been replaced with electronic ATSs. 6727 of the 8960 mounting capacity of the ATS are used. In the future 2227 subscribers will be able to use this kind of communication service. 3559 subscribers use broadband internet service with 2232 mounting capacity. There are 531 empty ports for using the Internet. Internet service is provided in each city and 23 rural ATS. In 23 districts of the country, including Sabirabad, the equipment is replaced by more modern equipment to improve the internet service. After the event, the speed of Internet service will increase. To create broadband internet in the villages and improve communications services, 48 ports of DSLAM equipment were installed in a number of rural ATS and high speed internet service was provided to subscribers. In 2017 a telephone line for 168 subscribers was installed, of which 80 were received by the city, 88 while in rural areas.


# Name of municipalities Number of population according to municipalities Territory Municipality

number of members

1 Sabirabad city municipality 30612 12,46 15
2 Azadkend municipality 6885 51,13 10
3 Akhiska municipality 2465 24,19 7
4 Galagain municipality 7489 27,12 10
5 Garalar municipality 6063 39,18 10
6 Garatepe municipality 6017 49,69 9
7 Garaguney municipality 4850 27,35 9
8 Gasimbayli municipality 5320 37,05 9
9 Guruzma municipality 12878 87,77 13
10 Yolchubayli municipality 8699 50,34 10
11 Kurkendi municipality 6742 53,12 8
12 Minbashı municipality 5675 50,86 11
13 Moranly municipality 7847 86,79 10
14 Mughan Ganjali municipality 7181 87,65 11
15 Nizami municipality 6504 84,16 11
16 Surra municipality 2775 34,11 9
17 Ulajali municipality 9666 57,76 11
18 Chol Beshdali municipality 2897 43,35 8
19 Shikh Salahly municipality 3102 25,55 6
20 Hashimkhanly municipality 4450 32,06 8
21 Javad municipality 9371 68,09 11
22 Gudajuhur municipality 6769 62,51 11
23 Alilembeyli municipality 1578 26,66 9
24 Ahmadabad municipality 3009 19.02 8
25 Shahriyar municipality 5932 54,69 11
Total 174776 1192,66 245


Kur river
Kür çayı.Tuqay meşəsindən qalan ağaclar.png
Suqovuşan (Kür-Araz).png
Qalaqayın məscidi.png


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Sabirabad rayonu". 
  2. ^ "Sabirabad rayonu". Archived from the original on 2012-04-21. 
  3. ^ "Sabirabad rayonu". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Archived from the original on 2011-11-05. 
  4. ^ Flooding in Sabirabad
  5. ^ Sarisu waters burst through dam Archived 2012-03-11 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "Sabirabad Rayon". Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. 
  7. ^ "Sabirabad Rayon". 

Coordinates: 40°0′N 48°36′E / 40.000°N 48.600°E / 40.000; 48.600