|Purpose||Combat communalism and caste-based discrimination|
|Javed Anand and Teesta Setalvad|
Sabrang Communications is an organization founded in 1993 that publishes the monthly Communalism Combat magazine and that operates KHOJ, a secular education program, in schools in Mumbai, India. Communalism Combat is edited by Javed Anand and Teesta Setalvad. The Khoj programs try to help children to get past identity labels.
Javed Anand left his job as a Bombay-based journalist in the mainstream press and founded Communalism Combat in 1993 to fight religious intolerance and communal violence. His decision followed the December 1992 destruction of the Babri Mosque by Hindu fundamentalists. Communalism Combat first appeared in August 1993. Javed Anand and Teesta Setalvad, founders of Sabrang, are also founders of the NGO "Citizens for Peace and Justice", which fights communalism through the courts.
Objectives and activities
Sabrang says its purpose is "to provide information on, analyse and expose the machinations of communal politics in India, on the subcontinent and abroad and to publicise the attempt of secular individuals, groups and organisations engaged in fighting them". Sabrang also aimed to create new books on Indian history as an alternative to official accounts that distort or truncate reality. Part of the objective would be to destroy traditional stereotypes. Another project begun in 1996 was named "Aman", which means "Olive Branch". It encouraged correspondence between Indian and Pakistani children as a way to start overcoming the hostility that has existed between the two countries since partition in 1947.
In 2006 the Ford Foundation gave a grant of $200,000 to Sabrang Communications "to address communalism and caste-based discrimination in India through active research, Web-based information dissemination, development of civil society networks and media strategies".
A report published in The Pioneer on 28 June 2013 quoted unnamed sources as saying that significant amounts of money donated to the Sabrang Trust to help riot victims had been diverted to the bank accounts of Haved Annand and Teesta Setalvad, and to Sabrang Communications.
In 1998 Sabrang published Damning Verdict: Report of the Srikrishna Commission on the riots in Mumbai in December 1992 and January 1993, and the 12 March 1993 bomb blasts. Following ongoing communal violence in Gujarat, in 2000 Sabrang published Saffron on the rampage: Gujarat's Muslims pay for the Lashkar's deeds. In 2002 Sabrang and South Asia Citizens Web published The Foreign Exchange of Hate: IDRF and the American Funding of Hindutva, which investigated how funding raised by the India Development and Relief Fund (IDRF) in the USA was being distributed in India. It found that most of the money went to Sangh Parivar for use in education, tribal or cultural activities. The report alleged that Ekal Vidyalaya one-teacher schools that the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) had launched in the 1990s with funding from overseas charities had the goal of "Hinduizing" tribals and spreading hatred against Indian minorities.
The 2002 Sabrang report included a diagram that illustrated how the US/UK and Indian components of the sangh parivar were related. The report may have contributed to growing criticism of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) by prominent overseas Indians, and to the decision by the US State and Justice departments to begin investigations of the IDRF for illicit donations and money laundering. The IDRF issued a counter-report denying the implied accusation in the Sabrang report that tribal activists, who had played a major role in the violence in Gujarat in 2002, were linked to US funding sources. In the rebuttal the IDRF said Hindutva was simply a framework for maintaining identity in societies where Hindus are small minorities.
- About Us.
- Kapoor 1995, p. 11.
- Peer 2007, p. 212.
- Peer 2007, p. 229.
- Albert 2000, p. 113.
- Peer 2007, p. 218.
- Albert 2000, p. 114.
- Albert 2000, p. 115.
- Ford Foundation 2006.
- Dave 2013.
- Breckenridge 2002, p. 80.
- Ghassem-Fachandi 2012, p. 304.
- Tow & Chin 2009, p. 289.
- Kurien 2007, p. 151.
- Davies & Nyland 2004, p. 106.
- Cady & Simon 2007, p. 110.
- Blanco & Zlotnik 2006, p. 83.
- "About Us". Sabrang Communications. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
- Albert, Odile (2000). Se former à l'interculturel: expériences et propositions (in French). ECLM. ISBN 2843770238.
- Blanco, María Cristina; Zlotnik, Hania (2006). Migraciones: nuevas movilidades en un mundo en movimiento (Migration: new mobilities in a moving world) (in Spanish). Anthropos Editorial. ISBN 8476587902.
- Breckenridge, Carol Appadurai (2002). Cosmopolitanism. Duke University Press. ISBN 0822328992.
- Cady, Linell Elizabeth; Simon, Sheldon W. (2007). Religion and conflict in South and Southeast Asia: disrupting violence. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0415397340.
- Dave, Nayan (28 June 2013). "NGOs pocket funds for riot victims?". The Pioneer. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
- Davies, Gloria; Nyland, Chris (2004). Globalization in the Asian region: impacts and consequences. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 1845422198.
- Ford Foundation. "Annual Report 2006" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-20.
- Ghassem-Fachandi, Parvis (2012). Pogrom in Gujarat: Hindu Nationalism and Anti-Muslim Violence in India. Princeton University Press. ISBN 140084259X.
- Kapoor, Harsh (April 1995). "Resources Against Communalism and Religious Fundamentalism in India". Retrieved 2012-03-20.
- Kurien, Prema A. (2007). A place at the multicultural table: the development of an American Hinduism. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0813540569.
- Peer, Yasmeen (2007). Communal violence in Gujarat: Rethinking the role of communalism and institutionalized injustices in India. ProQuest. ISBN 0549517537.
- Tow, William T.; Chin, Kin Wah (2009). ASEAN, India, Australia: towards closer engagement in a new Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. ISBN 9812309632.
- "The Foreign Exchange of Hate - IDRF and the American Funding of Hindutva". Sabrang Communications &Publishing Pvt. Ltd; South Asia Citizens Web. 2002. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
- Ramesh N. Rao, Narayanan Komerath, Chitra Raman, Beloo Mehra and Sugrutha Ramaswamy. "A Factual Response to the Hate Attack on the India Development and Relief Fund (IDRF)". Friends of India. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
- "Training to Hate: The Ekal Vidyalaya Way" (PDF). Communalism Combat. Sabrang Communications. April 2009. Retrieved 2012-03-20.