Sabre Dance

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The cover of a 1953 record of the "Sabre Dance" by the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra[1]

"Sabre Dance"[a] is a movement in the final act of Aram Khachaturian's ballet Gayane (1942), where the dancers display their skill with sabres.[2] It is Khachaturian's best known and most recognizable work worldwide.[3][4]

It is notable for its employment of percussion instruments, especially the xylophone.[5][6] Its middle section is based on an unnamed Armenian folk song.[2][7] According to Tigran Mansurian, it is a synthesis of an Armenian wedding dance tune from Gyumri tied in a saxophone counterpoint "that seems to come straight from America."[8]

"Sabre Dance" is considered one of the signature pieces of 20th-century popular music.[9] It was popularized by covers by pop artists,[10] first in the US in 1948 and later elsewhere. Its use in a wide range in films and television over the decades have significantly contributed to its renown.[11] "Sabre Dance" has also been used by a number of figure skaters from at least five countries in their performances.

Popularity[edit]

NPR described it as "one of the catchiest, most familiar—perhaps most maddening—tunes to come out of the 20th century."[12] Steven Poole notes that the "insistent xylophone-accented melody" of the Sabre Dance has "become a kind of global musical shorthand for cartoonish urgency."[13] Critics Peter G. Davis and Martin Bernheimer have called it "infamous" and "obnoxious,"[14][15] while David Mermelstein called it "garish and ubiquitous."[16] A New York Times obituary noted that Khachaturian "never disowned the 'Sabre Dance', but he did feel, apparently, that it deflected attention from his other works."[17]

Classical performances and recordings[edit]

Oscar Levant helped popularize the "Sabre Dance" in the United States in 1947–49.

After World War II, records of dances from Khachaturian's ballet Gayane reached the west and the "Sabre Dance" "caused an immediate sensation and straight away becoming a popular classical hit."[18] In 1948, three records of the "Sabre Dance" reached number one in the Billboard Best-Selling Records by Classical Artists: by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra (conducted by Artur Rodziński),[19][20] by the New York Philharmonic (conducted by Efrem Kurtz),[21] and by the pianist Oscar Levant (Columbia Records).[22] These records made them one of the Billboard Year's Top Selling Classical Artists.[23] A record by the Boston Pops Orchestra also made it to the classical chart.[24] It became the first million-selling record of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra.[25]

According to the Current Biography Yearbook, it was Levant's performance that "received popular attention."[26] Levant published a piano solo version of it and played the piece five times on Kraft Music Hall between December 1947 and December 1948.[27] He also played it on the piano in the 1949 film The Barkleys of Broadway.[28]

"Sabre Dance" was also recorded by Russian-American violinist Jascha Heifetz (1948, transcribed it for violin/piano),[29] Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra (conducted by Fabien Sevitzky, in 1953),[1] the Hungarian-French pianist György Cziffra (1956),[30] the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra (conducted by Yuri Temirkanov, 1986),[31] the London Symphony Orchestra (conducted by Stanley Black, 1989),[32] the Irish flute player James Galway (1993 album Dances for Flute),[33] the Bolshoi Symphony Orchestra (conducted by Alexander Lazarev, 1994),[34] the National Symphony Orchestra (conducted by Loris Tjeknavorian, 2005),[35] Franco-Serbian violinist Nemanja Radulović (2014).[36][37]

Covers[edit]

US hit (1948)[edit]

In 1948 the "Sabre Dance" was recorded by a number of singers and became a jukebox hit in the United States.[38][39][40] Newsweek suggested that 1948 could be called "Khachaturian Year in the United States."[41] In February 1948, Billboard wrote that "There's a rash of sabre dance disks based on the familiar excerpts from Aram Khachaturian's Gay[a]ne Ballet Suite."[42] Life Magazine noted that when the Communist Party denounced the Soviet Union's top composers for "formalism", Khachaturian "could only gnaw his nails in despair, waiting for the [Central] Committee to find out that his 'Sabre Dance,' now called 'Sabre Dance Boogie,' is a hit in the hopelessly decadent jukeboxes in the hopelessly bourgeois U.S.A."[43]

By May 1948, three records of Sabre Dance—a pop-boogie hit by Freddy Martin,[44] a dance-band version by Woody Herman,[45] and a vocal version by The Andrews Sisters with harmonica backing[46]—made it to Billboard's Most-Played Juke Box Records at No. 8, No. 13, and No. 28, respectively.[47] Aside from these three versions, it was also recorded by Victor Young's orchestra (Decca Records), Ray Bloch's orchestra (Signature Records), Macklin Marrow's orchestra (MGM), pianist Oscar Levant (Columbia Records), the Angie Bond Trio (Dick Records), and the Harmonickings (Jubilee Records). According to John Sforza "Sabre Dance" is a "good example of multiple recordings of the same song in the 1940s recording industry."[48]

Two decades later, in 1968, when Khachaturian visited the US, New York Post music critic Harriett Johnson noted that "Sabre Dance" is Khachaturian's "most popular piece in this country."[49] New York Times critic Harold C. Schonberg agreed, calling it "enormously popular" and adding that the "little whirling piece occupies the same place in his output that the C sharp minor Prelude did in Rachmaninoff's."[50]

Later versions[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

The "Sabre Dance" has been used in numerous films, animated films, television series, video games, and commercials over the years, oftentimes for humorous effects.[75] The piece's popular familiarity has been enhanced by its traditional use as accompaniment by travelling circuses[76] and on television variety shows such as The Ed Sullivan Show when novelty acts such as plate spinners appeared.[12]

On June 6, 2013, on the 110th anniversary of Khachaturian's birthday a modern take of the Sabre Dance—Sabre Dance on the Street—was performed at Yerevan Cascade by the Barekamutyun dance ensemble and Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra.[77][78][79]

Films and series[edit]

Films in which the "Sabre Dance" was used include The Barkleys of Broadway (1949), One, Two, Three (1961),[80] The System (1964), The Seven Brides of Lance-Corporal Zbruyev (1970),[81] Amarcord (1973), Well, Just You Wait! 6th episode "Countryside" (1973), Pee-wee's Big Adventure (1985), Jumpin' Jack Flash (1986), Repentance (1987), Punchline (1988), Hocus Pocus (1993), Radioland Murders (1994), The Hudsucker Proxy (1994),[82][83] Don't Drink the Water (1994), I Married a Strange Person! (1997), Vegas Vacation (1997), A Simple Wish (1997), Blues Brothers 2000 (1998), The Lion King 1½ (2004), Kung Fu Hustle (2005), Scoop (2006), Sicko (2007), Ghost Town (2008), Witless Protection (2008), Le Concert (2009), Pájaros de papel (2010), Sabre Dance (2015).[75] In his frenzied comedy One, Two, Three, director Billy Wilder used the dance repeatedly for comic effect, including a crazed chase through East Berlin, and the chaotic closing ride to the airport featuring James Cagney and Horst Bucholz. It was also played briefly in Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted. A band plays the song in the beginning of the movie Hotel Transylvania: Transformania (2022).

Some notable television shows that have used it include The Jack Benny Program (1961), "A Piano in the House" from The Twilight Zone (1962), The Onedin Line (1971 and 1972), The Benny Hill Show (1985), Our Very First Telethon episode of Full House (1990), The Simpsons (1991), The Nanny (1996), Two and a Half Men (2004), "Recipe for Disaster" from What's New, Scooby-Doo? (2004), "Peterotica" episode of Family Guy (2006), SpongeBob SquarePants (2007), and The Big Bang Theory (2009).[84] The song was featured in The Amazing Race 28, when teams travelled to Armenia and had to search the Yerevan Opera Theater for their next clue.

Video games[edit]

Video games in which the "Sabre Dance" was used include:

In sports[edit]

The National Hockey League (NHL)'s Buffalo Sabres have used the piece as a theme song since the team was established in 1970.[85] After a hiatus, the "Sabre Dance" was again made their theme song in 2011.[86][87]

In 2010–13, the "Sabre Dance" was played at Donbass Arena, the venue of the Ukrainian football club Shakhtar Donetsk, whenever the Armenian football player Henrikh Mkhitaryan scored a goal.[88]

The "Sabre Dance" was featured in the 2014 Winter Olympics opening ceremony held in Fisht Olympic Stadium, Sochi, Russia on February 7.[89][90]

Figure skating[edit]

The "Sabre Dance" has been used by numerous figure skaters, including:

Season(s) Athlete(s) Country Competition Ref
1981–82 Natalia Bestemianova
Andrei Bukin
 Soviet Union 1982 World Figure Skating Championships: free skating [91][92][93]
1986 Suzanne Semanick
Scott Gregory
 United States U.S. Championship [94]
1986–88 Debi Thomas  United States [95][96][97][98]
1994 Scott Hamilton  United States 1994 World Professional Figure Skating Championships [99][100]
1994 Michelle Kwan  United States 1994 U.S. Figure Skating Championships: short program [101]
1999 Johnny Weir  United States short program [102]
1999–00 Evgeni Plushenko  Russia short program [103]
2001–02 Stanislav Morozov
Aliona Savchenko
 Ukraine short program [104]
2001–02 Takahiko Kozuka  Japan short program [105]
2004–05 Stanislav Morozov
Tatiana Volosozhar
 Ukraine free skating [106]
2004–05 Daisuke Takahashi  Japan short program [107][108]
2005–06 Takahito Mura  Japan short program [109]
2006–07 Maximin Coia
Adeline Canac
 France free skating [110]
2007 Ryuju Hino  Japan Skate Asia 2007: short program [111]
2012–13 Yulia Lipnitskaya  Russia short program [112][113]
2014 2014 European Figure Skating Championships exhibition [114]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Armenian: Սուսերով պար, Suserov par; Russian: Танец с саблями, Tanets s sablyami
Citations
  1. ^ a b "Classical Selections of EP Singles ...". Billboard. August 29, 1953. p. 29.
  2. ^ a b "2011–2012 Concerts for Young People: Aram Khachaturian (1903–1978) "Sabre Dance" from Gayane" (PDF). Atlanta Symphony Orchestra. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 12, 2014. The "Sabre Dance" is in the final act. It is where the dancers display their skills with sabres. Its middle section is based on an Armenian folk song ...
  3. ^ Frolova-Walker, Marina (Summer 1998). ""National in Form, Socialist in Content": Musical Nation-Building in the Soviet Republics". Journal of the American Musicological Society. University of California Press on behalf of the American Musicological Society. 51 (2): 362. doi:10.2307/831980. JSTOR 831980. ... Khachaturian's most popular piece, the Sabre Dance ...
  4. ^ Robinson, Harlow (2013). "The Caucasian Connection: National Identity in the Ballets of Aram Khachaturian". In Kanet, Roger E. (ed.). Identities, Nations and Politics After Communism. Routledge. p. 23. ISBN 9781317968665. ...particularly the "Sabre Dance," which became the single most recognized piece of Khachaturian...
  5. ^ Blades, James (1992). Percussion Instruments and Their History. Bold Strummer. p. 341. ISBN 9780933224612. Khachaturian employs the xylophone freely in Dance of Young Maidens and Sabre Dance in his Gayaneh Ballet (1942)...
  6. ^ Longe, Jacqueline L. (2001). How Products are Made: An Illustrated Guide to Product Manufacturing, Volume 6. Gale Group. p. 462. ISBN 9780787636425. Khachaturian's "Sabre Dance" from his ballet called "Gayane Suite" has a challenging xylophone part...
  7. ^ "Sabre Dance from Gayane". Fort Wayne Philharmonic Orchestra. Archived from the original on 11 September 2014. There is a brief moment of contrast at the center, with a quotation of an Armenian folk song.
  8. ^ In the documentary Khachaturian (2003, directed by Peter Rosen), Tigran Mansurian states at around 33:00: "What an interesting synthesis! He's taken a melody from Gyumri, an Armenian wedding dance tune ... and he's tied in a saxophone counterpoint that seems to come straight from America. The relationship between the two seems so organic, so interesting!"
    The film is available online: "Khachaturian: The virtuous Soviet Armenian composer (2003)". EuroArtsChannel on YouTube. July 29, 2017. Archived from the original on 19 January 2022.
  9. ^ Adalian, Rouben Paul (2010). Historical Dictionary of Armenia. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 381. ISBN 978-0-8108-7450-3.
  10. ^ Staines, Joe (2010). The Rough Guide to Classical Music. Penguin. ISBN 9781405383219. Filled with a sparkling array of folk-inspired tunes, its most famous episode, the manic "Sabre Dance", has had a life of its own, even materializing as a pop single.
  11. ^ "Khachaturian: "Sabre Dance" from Gayaneh". University of North Georgia Department of Music. 15 October 2013. Archived from the original on 11 June 2016.
  12. ^ a b Huizenga, Tom (5 June 2003). "The 'Sabre Dance' Man". NPR. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016.
  13. ^ Poole, Steven (12 June 2003). "Cinematic for the people". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 11 September 2014.
  14. ^ Davis, Peter G. (July 29, 1979). "A Festival of Russian Ballet Scores". The New York Times. ...the familiar material, including the infamous "Sabre Dance,"...
  15. ^ Bernheimer, Martin (July 3, 2009). "New York Philharmonic/Tovey, Avery Fisher Hall". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 2022-12-10. The obnoxious "Sabre Dance" rattled brashly, as is its wont.
  16. ^ Mermelstein, David (September 23, 2001). "MUSIC; A Big Hit In Need Of Revival". The New York Times.
  17. ^ "Khachaturian, a Leading Soviet Composer, Dies at 74". The New York Times. 3 May 1978. (archived)
  18. ^ March, Ivan (2011). "Khachaturian Gayaneh; Spartacus". Gramophone. Archived from the original on 6 September 2021.
  19. ^ "Retail Record Sales: Best-Selling Records by Classical Artists". Billboard. 10 April 1948. p. 30.
  20. ^ "Retail Record Sales: Best-Selling Records by Classical Artists". Billboard. 26 June 1948. p. 27.
  21. ^ "Retail Record Sales: Best-Selling Records by Classical Artists". Billboard. 10 April 1948. p. 39.
  22. ^ "Retail Record Sales: Best-Selling Records by Classical Artists". Billboard. 15 May 1948. p. 25.
  23. ^ "The Year's Top Selling Classical Artists Over Retail Counters". Billboard. 1 January 1949. p. 19.
  24. ^ "Best-Selling Records by Classical Artists". Billboard. April 3, 1948. p. 26.
  25. ^ Hoffman, Frank, ed. (2005). Encyclopedia of Recorded Sound, Volume 1: A-L. New York: Routledge. p. 184. ISBN 978-0-203-48427-2.
  26. ^ "Khachaturian, Aram". Current Biography Yearbook. New York: H. W. Wilson Company. 9: 345. 1949. The music is available on records, however, and as a result of its performance by Oscar Levant, the "Sabre Dance," a part of the suite, has received popular attention. Played in four-quarter rather than the three-quarter time in which it was written, "Sabre Dance" is "a juke-box sensation"; an adaptation, "Sabre Dance Boogie," has also been introduced.
  27. ^ Boyd, Caleb Taylor (15 May 2020). "Oscar Levant: Pianist, Gershwinite, Middlebrow Media Star". Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Washington University in St. Louis. Archived from the original on 6 September 2021.
  28. ^ Faris, Jocelyn (1994). Ginger Rogers: A Bio-bibliography. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. p. 186. ISBN 978-0-313-29177-7.
  29. ^ Heifetz, Jascha. "Sabre Dance, arrangement for violin & piano (after Khachaturian's Gayane) (1948)". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 26 August 2021.
  30. ^ "Georges Cziffra: Ses Enregistrements Studio, 1956–1986 Danse du Sabre (after Khatchaturian's Gayaneh), for piano". AllMusic. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  31. ^ Yuri Temirkanov / Royal Philharmonic Orchestra. "Khachaturian: Suites from the Ballets Spartacus & Gayaneh (March 1986)". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 27 June 2021.
  32. ^ Stanley Black / London Symphony Orchestra. "Khachaturian: Spartacus; Masquerade; Gayaneh (Release Date October 23, 1989)". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 15 December 2019.
  33. ^ "James Galway Dances for Flute". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  34. ^ Bolshoi Symphony Orchestra / Alexander Lazarev. "Aram Khachaturian: Sabre Dance from Gayaneh; Excerpts from Spartacus & Masquerade (Release Date March 8, 1994)". AllMusic.
  35. ^ "Loris Tjeknavorian Khachaturian: Gayne (Complete Ballet); Selections from Spartacus; Masquerade Suite". AllMusic. March 22, 2005. Archived from the original on 26 August 2021.
  36. ^ "Classic Drive: Sporting Requests". abc.net.au. ABC Classic. 23 July 2021. Archived from the original on 21 September 2021.
  37. ^ Barber, Stephen. "Review: Journey East - Nemanja Radulović (violin)". Musicweb International. Archived from the original on 21 September 2021.
  38. ^ "Soviets throw book at Beria". Life. New York. December 28, 1957. p. 17. Meanwhile a musical revolt was stirred up in Russia by Aram Khachaturian, one of the U.S.S.R.'s leading composers, who wrote the U.S. juke box favorite of 1948, Sabre Dance.
  39. ^ Taruskin, Richard (2009). Music in the Late Twentieth Century: The Oxford History of Western Music. Oxford University Press. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-19-979600-7. Khachaturian .. famous in the West for some colorful concertos and a ballet suite containing a rousing "Sabre Dance" that became a jukebox hit.
  40. ^ Petrak, Albert M., ed. (1985). "Khachaturian, Aram Ilyich". David Mason Greene's Biographical Encyclopedia of Composers (1st ed.). Garden City, New York: Reproducing Piano Roll Foundation. pp. 1329–30. ISBN 978-0-385-14278-6. Meanwhile its flashy "Sabre Dance" had conquered the U.S.S.R.'s new American allies and at one time was a standard on juke-boxes.
  41. ^ "Juke-Box Red". Music. Newsweek. Vol. 31. New York. 1948. p. 72. ...the music agenda in this country shows plenty to indicate that 1948 may be Khachaturian Year in the United States.
  42. ^ "The Billboard Picks [Week Ending January 30]". Billboard. February 7, 1948. p. 32.
  43. ^ ""Bourgeois" Composers". Life: 48. 23 February 1948.
  44. ^ Birnbaum, Larry (2013). Before Elvis: The Prehistory of Rock 'n' Roll. Scarecrow Press. p. 116. ISBN 9780810886384.
  45. ^ "Scratching the Surface". The Saturday Review of Literature. 31 (1): 48. 1948. Not to be outdone by Levant, Woody Herman has recorded a dance-band version of the "Sabre Dance."
  46. ^ Nimmo, H. Arlo (2007). The Andrews Sisters: A Biography and Career Record. McFarland & Company. p. 249. ISBN 9780786432608.
  47. ^ "Most-Played Juke Box Records". Billboard. May 22, 1948. p. 35.
  48. ^ Sforza, John (2014). Swing It!: The Andrews Sisters Story. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 115–116. ISBN 9780813148977.
  49. ^ Johnson, Harriett (January 29, 1968). "Khachaturian Debuts as Conductor". New York Post. Archived from the original on 12 February 2022.
  50. ^ Schonberg, Harold C. (January 29, 1968). "Music: Khachaturian Leads the Washington National Symphony". The New York Times.
  51. ^ "Liberace Plays the Saber Dance". EVTV1. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014.
  52. ^ "Liberace Legendary Liberace: Musical Highlights of the PBS Special". AllMusic. June 5, 2002. Archived from the original on 26 August 2021.
  53. ^ "Sabre Dance". officialcharts.com. Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 30 June 2021.
  54. ^ "Love Sculpture – Sabre Dance". hitparade.ch (in German). Swiss Hitparade. Archived from the original on 12 April 2022.
  55. ^ "Love Sculpture – Sabre Dance". dutchcharts.nl. DutchCharts. Archived from the original on 12 April 2022.
  56. ^ "Love Sculpture: Sabre Dance". offiziellecharts.de. GfK Entertainment charts. Archived from the original on 5 August 2022.
  57. ^ "Ekseption - Ekseption (1969)". Classic Rock Covers Database. July 5, 2021. Archived from the original on 19 January 2022. 4."Sabre dance" (Aram Khachaturian) 3:46
  58. ^ "Ekseption (Re-Issue)". Spotify. Universal International Music B.V. 1969.
  59. ^ Le Maire, Johan; Le Maire, Marc. "James Last discographie: Russland zwischen Tag und Nacht - In Russia". jameslastbenelux.com (in French). James Last Benelux Club. Archived from the original on 26 August 2021. Säbeltanz [ 1972 ] [ Khatschaturian ]
  60. ^ "The Boys To Hell with the Boys". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014.
  61. ^ Sawyer, Philip. "Ivan Rebroff-Live in Concert: Sydney-Australia (1982)". michaeldvd.com.au. Archived from the original on 27 September 2021.
  62. ^ "Ivan Rebroff - Live in Concert : Sydney-Australia (1982): Sabre Dance". YouTube. Archived from the original on 13 March 2022.
  63. ^ "Nina Hagen – In Ekstasy". Discogs. Archived from the original on 27 September 2021. Written By [Inserts From Sabre Dance] – Aram Khatchaturian
  64. ^ Valdivia, Victor W. "U.K. Subs Killing Time". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014.
  65. ^ "Toy Dolls – Wakey Wakey!". Discogs. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  66. ^ Lawson, Robert (2017). "Selected discography". Still Competition: The Listener's Guide to Cheap Trick. FriesenPress. p. 263. ISBN 9781525512254. "Didn't Know I Had It All"/ "Love Me For A Minute", "Sabre Dance" (9362-41584-2)
  67. ^ "Woke Up with a Monster". ricknielsen.com. Rick Nielsen of Cheap Trick Official Site. Archived from the original on 16 April 2021. Japanese version
    "Sabre Dance"
  68. ^ "Musical Mayhem and The Black Fire Concerto". Black Gate. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Aram Khachaturian's "Sabre Dance" in the midst of "Sodom and Gomorrah" from their way underrated album Death Row.
  69. ^ Patterson, Dayal (2013). Black Metal: Evolution of the Cult. Feral House. p. 104. ISBN 9781936239764. ...irreverent and highly experimental covers of pre-existing compositions (among them Aram Khachaturian's "Sabre Dance"...
  70. ^ "Skyclad - Irrational Anthems". metal-archives.com. Encyclopaedia Metallum. Archived from the original on 9 April 2017. Sabre Dance (Aram Khachaturian cover)
  71. ^ "Vanessa-Mae Choreography". AllMusic. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  72. ^ Dominic, Serene (December 22, 2004). "Classified". Metro Times. Archived from the original on 6 September 2021. Bond has the same disregard for public domain as Barney the dinosaur and renamed "Sabre Dance" something far catchier like "High Strung."
  73. ^ Loftus, Johnny. "Bond Classified". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. "Highly Strung," for example, tries to marry Khachaturian's manic Sabre Dance to spy movie guitar and chattering electronics, the result being more garishly cartoonish than interpretive.
  74. ^ Joyce, Mike (14 April 2006). "TONY LEVIN "Resonator" Narada Jazz". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 6 September 2021. ...a rhythmically stampeding progressive rock version of Khachaturian's "Sabre Dance,"...
  75. ^ a b "Aram Khachaturyan". IMDb. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  76. ^ "Notable Numbers: Patterns + Forms in Music" (PDF). charlottesymphony.org. Charlotte Symphony Orchestra. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 September 2021.
  77. ^ "Happy Birthday Aram Khachaturian!". Armenian General Benevolent Union. 6 June 2013. Archived from the original on 28 August 2014.
  78. ^ AGBUvideo (6 June 2013). "Saber Dance on the Street: AGBU, APO and Emporium Celebrate 110th Anniversary of Aram Khachaturian". Retrieved 15 March 2017 – via YouTube.
  79. ^ Emporium Armenia (5 June 2013). "Sabre Dance on the Street. Սուսերով պար՝ փողոցում/ Suserov par". Retrieved 15 March 2017 – via YouTube.
  80. ^ Elliott, Stuart (January 13, 1994). "Advertising; Coke Adds Life to Its Diet Coke Ads". The New York Times. ...the Khatchaturian "Sabre Dance" from "One, Two, Three," Billy Wilder's 1961 comedy....
  81. ^ "Train dance from 1970 Soviet film "The Seven Brides of Corporal Zbruev"". Soviet Visuals on Twitter. August 24, 2016.
  82. ^ Eddie Robson (2003). Coen Brothers. London: Virgin Books. pp. 139–142. ISBN 1-57488-273-2.
  83. ^ Adams, Jeffrey (2015). The Cinema of the Coen Brothers: Hard-Boiled Entertainments. New York: Wallflower Press. p. 98. ISBN 978-0-231-17460-2. Khachaturian's 'Saber Dance' accompanies the lengthy Hula Hoop montage depicting the toy's highly efficient industrial development from design stage to manufacture and distribution, finally ending up on the hips of an All-American youngster who magically discovers the joys of Hula Hooping and ignites a craze that swept the US in the 1950s.
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  85. ^ Maiorana, Sal (2012). 100 Things Sabres Fans Should Know and Do Before They Die. Triumph Books. p. 22. ISBN 9781623680152.
  86. ^ Dunford, Jen; Bellas, Chrisanne (11 March 2011). "Opening the suggestion box". sabres.nhl.com. Archived from the original on 10 September 2014. This signature song is still typically heard at various times during Sabres games, but many fans suggested a return to the tradition of playing the "Sabre Dance" when the team takes the ice. Beginning Sunday when the Sabres host the Senators, the song will be played when the team takes the ice prior to the second and third periods.
  87. ^ Vogl, John (11 March 2011). "Sabres putting a fan imprint on arena". The Buffalo News. Archived from the original on 14 March 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2014. Two topics generated significant chatter: music and the team logo. The Sabres will change the tune for their television opening, going from the Scorpions' "Hurricane 2000" to old franchise favorite "Sabre Dance," performed by violinist Vanessa Mae.
  88. ^ Wilson, Jonathan (22 October 2012). "Henrik Mkhitaryan orchestrates Shakhtar Donetsk's great leap forward". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Aram Khachaturian's Sabre Dance, the Armenian war dance played each time Mkhitaryan scores, may have become the most popular tune at the Donbass Arena this season ...
  89. ^ Wise, Brian (7 February 2014). "Anna Netrebko Performs at the Olympics Opening Ceremony". New York: WQXR-FM. Retrieved 28 August 2014. ...a snippet of Khachaturian's Saber Dance as Soviet-era cars whizzed around...
  90. ^ "Սոչի-2014. Առնո Բաբաջանյանի եւ Արամ Խաչատրյանի անմահ երաժշտությունը՝ բացման արարողությանը [Sochi 2014: Arno Babajanian's and Aram Khachaturian's music at the opening ceremony]". sport.news.am (in Armenian). 7 February 2014. Retrieved 28 August 2014. Հնչեցին հատվածներ Բաբաջանյանի «Աշխարհի լավագույն քաղաքը» երգից եւ Խաչատրյանի «Սուսերով պարից»:
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