Sabri Hamadeh

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Sabri Hamadé.
Hamadé with Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser in Cairo, 1968

Sabri Hamadeh (1902-1976) (Arabic: صبري حماده‎‎) was a Lebanese politician and long-time Speaker of the Lebanese Parliament.

Sabri Hamadeh also written as Sabri Hamadé (preferred French transliteration) or Hamada served as a pioneer in the Lebanese Independence. He worked with the government at that time, including Riad El Solh, the prime minister, and Bechara El Khoury, the president. He also signed the first official Lebanese flag of independence

He served as Speaker of the Lebanese Parliament for five terms:

  • 21 July 1943 to 22 October 1946
  • 9 June 1947 to 20 May 1950
  • 20 October 1959 to 8 May 1964
  • 20 October 1964 to 9 May 1968
  • 22 October 1968 to 20 October 1970

He played a very crucial role during the Lebanese presidential election held on August 17, 1970. There were three rounds of elections in the Lebanese Parliament that year resided by Sabri Hamadeh. In the third decisive round, and out of a total of 99 possible votes, presidential candidate and MP Suleiman Frangieh received 50 votes against 49 to rival the ruling Shihabist candidate Elias Sarkis, a non-MP. Speaker Sabri Hamadeh, refused to announce the election of a President on a 1-vote difference, particularly as this was Frangieh's own decisive vote as a Member of Parliament in his own favor. As Hamadeh, an ally of the Shehabis, exited parliament in protest, Michel Sassine, Deputy Speaker of Parliament, stepped up and exercised his powers of Deputy Speaker to announce Frangieh as legally elected President.[1] Hamadeh's term ended on 20 October 1970 after Frangieh was sworn as President 23 September 1970. Hamadeh was replaced by Kamel Asaad as Speaker of Parliament.


Political career[edit]

Sabri Hamadeh was born in 1902 in the city of Hermel, he was elected vice-one and fifty years in a row without a break and re-elected in each electoral benefits to be moved to the mercy of his Lord in 1976 and is in office exercising his constitutional duties. Sabri Hamadeh hails from a family has always been her position and will in Lebanese politics, particularly in the Baalbek-Hermel region, which is a big part Basha Ir Hamadia. Sabri Hamadeh had a lot of political and service achievements, the most prominent was the Lebanese independence movement, where he was an early supporter of the occupants to secure independence also assuming the presidency of the Chamber of Deputies period was a period where he got up in Lebanon economically and culturally. And characterized Sabri Hamadeh, along with moderation in the national political attitudes, openness and breadth of his chest, and the vision have taken the decision and embraced Bhmolath and dimensions.

Sabri Hamadeh in the era of Lebanese independence[edit]

After that the French High Commissioner issued instructions to dissolve parliament and suspend the constitution and arrest of President Bechara El Khoury and Prime Minister Riad Solh in 1943, as Camille Chamoun was arrested and Adel Osseiran, following the amendment of the Lebanese constitution on November 8, 1943. gathered MPs and ministers headed by Sabri Hamadeh in on November 11, 1943 morning and demanded the abolition of arbitrary procedures practiced by the French High Commissioner. She took the masses of the Lebanese people, the House of Representatives, and shouted for the release of detainees, chanting slogans for freedom and independence. Sabri Hamadeh and his companions as he changed the Lebanon knew who put under the occupation with the knowledge of the Lebanese new exhibit concept and character Lebanese, became aware of Lebanon is composed of three sections horizontal: red, white, and red, and in the center a green cedar tree in the white color. The lifting of House Speaker Sabri Hamadeh and his colleagues strongly worded memorandum to a representative of the French government in Lebanon, and to neighboring Arab countries denounced the acts of oppression practiced by the French soldiers and the Lebanese police support to the French commissioner. They sent another note to the ambassadors of Britain and the United States in Lebanon, and to the governments of Egypt and Iraq, explained the deteriorating situation in Lebanon, poor French public commission acted in Lebanon, and arbitrary actions and illegal practiced by the French High Commissioner in Lebanon, the French where officials. The Lebanese people have been endorsed by all its sects and denominations national actions taken by Sabri Hamadeh, his members of the House of Representatives of the procedures during the arrest of the Lebanese President and Prime Minister and other Liberals. The chaos and turmoil in all parts of Lebanon, particularly in Beirut. On the day of November 12 (November) of the deputies gathered at the home of Deputy Saeb Salam, where they decided to give confidence to the interim government, which was present in Bchamoun, and then was joined by House Speaker Sabri Hamadeh, and began experiencing Bchamoun influx of hundreds of volunteers from all over the country who had come to defend Men of independence, and in the fifteenth of November morning (November) advanced armored French army sent troops overcame her Senegalese National Guard. After three confrontations popular boiling and pressure from Britain, the person of Gen. Spears to make France Ogiraady back down and release the detainees statesmen in Rashayya on November 22 (November) 1943, the date of which has proved a feast day of independence.

Sabri Hamadeh and the establishment of the Higher Islamic Shiite[edit]

Since his arrival in Lebanon, Imam Musa Sadr open a new phase of social and political action. Since 1966, began his political project, including: disadvantaged areas, and fairness on the basis of citizenship is not sectarian and rights of the disadvantaged, and the start of the clear establishment of the Council for the organization of the Shiite community affairs claim, as the Imam Moussa al-Sadr Sabri Hamadeh was the founder of a prominent Islamic Shiite Council Top. Shiite official personal and the first leader of the Popular sole of the Shiite community in the northern Bekaa was in that era in 02/17/1966 was formed a delegation that included both the Imam Moussa al-Sadr and Sheikh Hussein al-Khatib for scientists, the meeting was attended by House Speaker Sabri Hamadeh and all deputies Shiites nineteen started It took over the wording of the statement to the visit of President Charles Helou and make his statement on behalf of the Shiite community.

On 05/12/1967 Committees money management Alaniapetan approved in a joint meeting chaired by President Akdtah Sabri Hamadeh, the proposal of the law. This was preceded by the meeting of the House of Representatives Shiites in the office of President Hamada, was the adoption of a consolidated text establishing the council consists of three bodies: General Commission, the executive body and the Shariah. At its meeting held on 21.11.1967 House of Representatives ratified textured sole to an amendment proposed by the government to organize the Shiite community law, which was approved by the House of Representatives on 16/5/1967, which included the second amendment and the twenty-sixth and thirty articles, headed by Parliament Speaker Sabri Hamadeh and the presence of Prime Minister Rashid Karami.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Akouri, George (18 September 2007). "Talking To: Edmund Rizk". Now Lebanon. Retrieved 24 October 2012.