Sabrina (1954 film)

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Sabrina
Sabrina (1954 film poster).jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byBilly Wilder
Screenplay by
Based onSabrina Fair
by Samuel A. Taylor
Produced byBilly Wilder
Starring
CinematographyCharles Lang
Edited byArthur P. Schmidt
Music byFrederick Hollander
Production
company
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release dates
  • September 3, 1954 (1954-09-03) (Toronto premiere)
  • September 23, 1954 (1954-09-23) (New York and Los Angeles)
[1]
Running time
113 minutes[2]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$2.2 million
Box office$4 million (rentals)[3]

Sabrina (Sabrina Fair/La Vie en Rose in the United Kingdom) is a 1954 American romantic comedy-drama film directed by Billy Wilder, adapted for the screen by Wilder, Samuel A. Taylor and Ernest Lehman from Taylor's 1953 play Sabrina Fair.[4] The picture stars Humphrey Bogart, Audrey Hepburn and William Holden. This was Wilder's last film released by Paramount Pictures, ending a 12-year business relationship between him and the company.

In 2002, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".[5]

Plot[edit]

Hepburn and Holden

Sabrina Fairchild is the young daughter of the Larrabee family's chauffeur, Thomas, and has been in love with David Larrabee all her life. David is a three-times-married playboy who has never paid attention to Sabrina because to him she was still a child. Eavesdropping on a party at the Larrabee mansion, as she has often done before, Sabrina notices David enticing yet another woman. Distraught, she leaves her father a suicide note and starts every car in the garage so as to kill herself. Instead she is interrupted by David's older brother, Linus, who escorts her back to her quarters above the garage.

Sabrina is on the point of sailing for France, where she is to attend Le Cordon Bleu, the leading culinary school in Paris. After two years there, she returns home an attractive and sophisticated woman. When her father is delayed from picking her up at the station, flirtatious David, passing by, offers her a lift without even knowing it is Sabrina, and she accepts.

Once David realizes who she is, he is quickly drawn to Sabrina and invites her to join him at a party at the mansion. When Linus sees this, he fears that David's imminent marriage to Elizabeth Tyson may be endangered. If the engagement were broken, it would ruin a profitable opportunity for a great corporate merger between Larrabee Industries and Elizabeth's very wealthy father's business. Instead of confronting David about his irresponsibility, Linus pretends to sympathize with him. In a moment of inattention, David sits down on champagne glasses he has placed in his pockets so that he is incapacitated for a few days.

Linus now takes David's place with Sabrina on the pretext that “it’s all in the family.” Linus and Sabrina fall in love, though neither will admit it. Linus’ plan is to pretend to accompany Sabrina back to Paris on an ocean liner but then not join her on the ship, getting her away from the family and the merger. However, when Linus confesses his intentions to Sabrina instead, she agrees to leave the next day and never come back.

The following morning, Linus has second thoughts and decides to send David to Paris with Sabrina. This means calling off David's wedding with Elizabeth and the big Tyson deal, and he schedules a meeting of the Larrabee board to announce this. David enters the room at the last minute and declares that he has decided to marry Elizabeth after all. David helps Linus recognize his own feelings for Sabrina and assists him in rushing off to join Sabrina's ship before it leaves the harbor. Linus and Sabrina meet on board and sail away together.

Cast[edit]

Holden and Bogart
Bogart and Hepburn

Production[edit]

Initially, Cary Grant was considered for the role of Linus, but he declined,[7] and the role was taken by Bogart. Best known for playing tough detectives and adventurers, Bogart was cast against type as a smart businessman gradually transformed into a romantic lead.

During production of the film, Hepburn and Holden entered into a brief but passionate and much-publicized love affair. Bogart had originally wanted his wife Lauren Bacall to be cast as Sabrina. He complained that Hepburn required too many takes to get her dialogue right and pointed out her inexperience.[8]

Bogart was very unhappy during the filming, convinced that he was totally wrong for this kind of film, mad at not being Wilder's first choice, and not liking Holden or Wilder. But Wilder's offbeat casting produced a performance that critics generally considered successful. Bogart later apologized to Wilder for his behavior on set, citing problems in his personal life.[citation needed]

Wilder began shooting before the script was finished, and Lehman was writing all day to complete it. Eventually he would finish a scene in the morning, deliver it during lunch, and filming of it would begin in the afternoon.[8]

Sketches for skirt, blouse, and apron by Edith Head for Audrey Hepburn in Sabrina.

Although Edith Head won an Oscar for Best Costumes, most of Hepburn's outfits are rumored to have been created by Hubert de Givenchy and chosen personally by the star. In a 1974 interview, Head stated that she was responsible for creating the dresses, with inspiration from some Givenchy designs that Hepburn liked, but that she made important changes, and the dresses were not by Givenchy.[9] After Head's death, Givenchy stated that Sabrina's iconic black cocktail dress was produced at Paramount under Head's supervision but claimed it was his design.[10]

The film began a lifelong association between Givenchy and Hepburn. It has been reported that when Hepburn called on Givenchy for the first time in Paris, he assumed that it was Katharine Hepburn in his salon.[11]

The location used to portray the Larrabee family's mansion in Glen Cove, New York was 'Hill Grove', the home of George Lewis in Beverly Hills, California.[12] This mansion was later demolished during the 1960s. The location used to portray the Glen Cove train station was the Glen Cove train station on the Oyster Bay Branch of the Long Island Rail Road.[12] The building at 30 Broad Street in Manhattan's financial district was used as the location for the headquarters of the Larrabee company.[12]

Reception[edit]

The film opened in New York and Los Angeles on September 23, 1954[1] and was number one at the US box office for two weeks.[13]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Award[14] Category Nominee(s) Result
Academy Awards Best Director Billy Wilder Nominated
Best Actress Audrey Hepburn Nominated
Best Screenplay Billy Wilder, Samuel A. Taylor and Ernest Lehman Nominated
Best Art Direction – Black-and-White Hal Pereira, Walter Tyler, Samuel M. Comer and Ray Moyer Nominated
Best Cinematography – Black-and-White Charles Lang Nominated
Best Costume Design – Black-and-White Edith Head Won
British Academy Film Awards Best British Actress Audrey Hepburn Nominated
Directors Guild of America Awards Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures Billy Wilder Nominated
Golden Globe Awards Best Screenplay – Motion Picture Billy Wilder, Samuel A. Taylor and Ernest Lehman Won
National Board of Review Awards Top Ten Films 7th Place
Best Supporting Actor John Williams (also for Dial M for Murder) Won
National Film Preservation Board National Film Registry Inducted
New York Film Critics Circle Awards Best Actress Audrey Hepburn Nominated
Writers Guild of America Awards Best Written American Comedy Billy Wilder, Samuel A. Taylor and Ernest Lehman Won

Remakes[edit]

There have been Indian adaptations of the film. Manapanthal (1961) was a Tamil version, followed in the same year by a Telugu version, Intiki Deepam Illale. In addition Sabrina was the inspiration for the successful Hindi film Yeh Dillagi (1994), although with some changes to the plot.[15] And was remade in Turkish as Şoförün Kızı in 1965. Then in 1995 there was the Hollywood remake from Paramount Pictures.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sabrina at the American Film Institute Catalog
  2. ^ "SABRINA FAIR (U)". British Board of Film Classification. 1954-03-29. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
  3. ^ 'The Top Box-Office Hits of 1954'. Variety Weekly. January 5, 1955.
  4. ^ "Sabrina". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  5. ^ "Films Selected for the National Film Registry in 2002 (January 2003) - Library of Congress Information Bulletin".
  6. ^ "Sabrina - Nancy Kulp". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved February 5, 2022.
  7. ^ Jaynes, Barbara Grant; Trachtenberg, Robert. Cary Grant: A Class Apart. Burbank, California: Turner Classic Movies (TCM) and Turner Entertainment. 2004.
  8. ^ a b Ben Mankiewicz of Turner Classic Movies.
  9. ^ Dorléac, Jean-Pierre (2010-10-24). "Edith Head and the 'Sabrina' dress". Los Angeles Times.
  10. ^ "Style on Film: Sabrina". 20 March 2011.
  11. ^ "On This Day In Fashion".
  12. ^ a b c "Sabrina 1954 film locations". The Worldwide Guide To Movie Locations. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
  13. ^ "National Boxoffice Survey". Variety. October 13, 1954. p. 3 – via Archive.org.
  14. ^ "NY Times: Sabrina". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-04-02. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
  15. ^ Guy, Randor. "Manappandal". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 April 2014.

Further reading

  • Shaw, Mark; Juliet Cuming; David Taylor (2009-04-14). Charmed by Audrey: Life on the Set of Sabrina. San Rafael, CA: Insight Editions. ISBN 978-1-933784-87-8. (Candid photographs of Audrey, on and off the set, taken by Mark Shaw for Life magazine during production of the film.)
  • "Audrey Hepburn, Many-sided Charmer". Life. Vol. 35, no. 23. December 7, 1953. pp. 127–135. ISSN 0024-3019. (Life article on Hepburn including some of the photos from the Sabrina set.)

External links[edit]