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Sabunchu Railway Station in 1926
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Until the beginning of the 20th century, the Sabunçu region was producing 35 percent of Baku's oil. It was also the place where the first, Baku-Sabunchu electrified railway system in USSR, built by Chingiz Ildyrym in 1924 was established.
- Nikolai Baibakov — People's Commissar of the USSR Oil Industry (1944–1946), Oil Minister of the USSR (1948–1955), Hero of Socialist Labor.
- Richard Sorge — one of the best-known Soviet intelligence officers of the Second World War, Hero of the Soviet Union.
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