Coordinates: 36°12′45″N 57°40′35″E / 36.21250°N 57.67639°E / 36.21250; 57.67639
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Persian: سبزوار
Mulla Hadi Sabzevari Tomb (ADI3475-05).jpg
Historical Mosalla of Sabzevar 2.jpg
Jameh Mosque of Sabzevar 01.jpg
Azimian Historical House of Sabzevar.jpg
Torshizi Historic House 01.jpg
Faramarz Khan Caravanserai of Sabzevar 01.jpg
Ovlia Caravanserai of Sabzevar 02.jpg
Sabzevar 02.jpg
Sabzevar is located in Iran
Location of Sabzevar in Iran
Coordinates: 36°12′45″N 57°40′35″E / 36.21250°N 57.67639°E / 36.21250; 57.67639[1]
Country Iran
ProvinceRazavi Khorasan
 • MayorSeyed Ali Koushki
 • City CouncilChairman: Ghasem Hosseini Zade
978 m (3,209 ft)
 • Total243,700
 • Population Rank in Iran
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
Area code051
Sabzevar at GEOnet Names Server
Sabzevar 1933

Sabzevar (Persian: سبزوار[3] pronunciation ), previously known as Beyhagh (also spelled "Beihagh"; Persian: بيهق), is a city in, and the capital of, the Central District of Sabzevar County, Razavi Khorasan province, Iran, and also serves as capital of the county. The city is approximately 220 kilometers (140 mi) west of the provincial capital, Mashhad, in the northeastern part of the country.

At the 2006 census, its population was 208,172 in 57,024 households.[4] The following census in 2011 counted 231,557 people in 70,422 households.[5] The latest census in 2016 showed a population of 243,700 people in 74,757 households.[2]

Sabzevar is the commercial center for an agricultural region producing grapes and raisins. There is some small-scale industry, for food processing, copperware, and electric motors. Through the old bazaar of Sabzevar fresh, dried, and preserved fruits and vegetables are exported. Sabzevar is connected to Tehran and Mashhad by road. Sabzevar Airport provides domestic flights.[6]

It suffered a flash flood in April 2020.[7]


The history of Sabzevar goes back to the 1st millennium BC. Ancient remains include fire-temple Azarbarzin which is still visible.

After the Mongol invasion of Iran, the city was the first part of Iran that moved towards its freedom, under the lead of the Sarbedaran movement.

In 14th century Timur invaded Iran and destroyed the city completely. Contemporary sources mention 90,000 people having been murdered by Timur. After killing all men in the town, he cut their heads and made 3 pyramids of the heads, in what is now the modern Sarberiz (meaning "Place of heads") square.[8]

Sabzevar Province had been lost by the Safavids to the Uzbeks of Transoxiana, but was regained following a Safavid counter-offensive around 1600, along with Herat and Farah.[9]


Sabzevar is located in the west of Razavi Khorasan province at the northeast of Iran.

Sabzevar is a 650 km far from Tehran (the capital of Iran).[10]

It's important close neighbors are Nishapur, Bardaskan, Esfarāyen and Shahrud.


In 1937 when Iran was ruled by Reza Shah, Sabzevar was the second most populated city in the 9th county.[11] According to the census of 2017, Sabzevar is Iran's 34th most populous city.


The special Anthem of Sabzevar was unveiled for the first time in 2010; it received the first rank in all anthems of cities in Razavi Khorasan province.

Main sights[edit]

Mil-e Khosrow Gerd (meaning "The brick tower of king Khosrau) is the highest brick tower in the city. Mosques include the Masjed Jameh of Friday mosque, with its two tall minarets. They were both built during the Islamic age of Sabzevar.


Hakim Sabzevari University is one of the most prestigious public university in Iran and the oldest university in Sabzevar. HSU was established in 1973 when its name was Kar University. After the Iran revolution in 1979, this university was halted until 1987. HSU was reestablished with a new name. The Tarbiat Moallem University of Sabzevar was working and growing until 2011. In this year this university was renamed to Hakim Sabzevari University. HSU offers 139 bachelors, masters, and Ph.D. programs to more than 9,200 male and female students studying under about 280 faculty members in 10 departments. HSU is known as the dynamic in science and the leading in development university in Iran.[12]

Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences is one of the most prestigious public universities in Khorasan province. MEDSAB was established in 1975. In 1986, School of nursing was founded in Sabzevar. MEDSAB offers 20 programs to more than 2000 students in medical fields. This university has more than 200 faculty members. There are 5 hospitals and 4 schools in this university.[13]

The city is home to the Islamic Azad University of Sabzevar (IAUS), founded in 1985 in response to increasing demands for a higher education center in the region; expansion and development have always continued within the university. IAUS is one of the most private universities in Khorasan province. Currently, there are about 6,500 students studying in three campuses.[14]

Sabzevar University of New Technology is the youngest public university in Khorasan province. SUNT was established in 2011. The main objective of this university on teaching and transferring new technology for women students. SUNT offers modern bachelors programs to more than 1000 female students studying in one department. SUNT is known as the third generation universities in Iran.[15]

North of Hashshmandi Sabzevar Hospital


Sabzevar has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification: BSk).

Climate data for Sabzevar (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.3
Average low °C (°F) −1.1
Average precipitation mm (inches) 30.1
Average rainy days 5.8 5.4 6.7 4.7 3.2 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.3 1.3 3.1 5.0 36.5
Average snowy days 3.8 1.6 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 6.4
Average relative humidity (%) 65 57 51 42 34 25 24 23 26 35 47 62 41
Mean monthly sunshine hours 171 179 205 236 292 337 352 351 307 270 209 168 3,077
Source: World Meteorological Organization[16]

Historical places[edit]

Notable people[edit]


Sabzevar is located on the country's transportation highway and passes through roads 44, 87 and the freeway under construction from shrine to shrine.[17] Also, the Turkmenistan-Quchan-Sabzevar transit highway leads from Sabzevar to other parts of the country. It was known as the permitted air border and was operational 24 hours a day.[18]


Sabzevar Airport was opened in 2003 and now has international flights and is the only airport in Khorasan Razavi that transports passengers after Mashhad Airport. The airport, which had previously experienced foreign flights to Damascus and Baghdad in the 1990s and 1990s, now operates direct flights back and forth to Tehran and Kish Island two days a week.[19]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ OpenStreetMap contributors (7 May 2023). "Sabzevar, Sabzevar County" (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved 7 May 2023.
  2. ^ a b "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1395 (2016)". AMAR (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 09. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2 April 2022. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
  3. ^ Sabzevar can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3081638" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  4. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". AMAR (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 09. Archived from the original (Excel) on 20 September 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  5. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1390 (2011)" (Excel). Iran Data Portal (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 09. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
  6. ^ "Sabzevar". Retrieved 22 April 2023.
  7. ^ "Massive flooding in Sabzevar, Iran ! 12 April 2020". Retrieved 22 April 2023 – via
  8. ^ Rashidzada, Babur. I am Timour, World Conqueror: Autobiography of a 14th Century Asian Ruler. Dog Ear Publishing, 2008, pp 90-91.
  9. ^ William Bayne Fisher, ed. (1986). The Cambridge History of Iran. Vol. 6. Cambridge University Press. p. 267. ISBN 978-0-521-20094-3.
  10. ^ "Where is Sabzevar, Iran?". WorldAtlas. Retrieved 22 April 2023.
  11. ^ "معاونین و مراکز ستادی".
  12. ^ "دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری – دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری پویا در عرصه ملی پیشرو در مسیر توسعه" (in Persian). Retrieved 22 April 2023.
  13. ^ "Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences website". (in Persian). Retrieved 22 April 2023.
  14. ^ "About the University". IAUS. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
  15. ^ Sabzevar University of New Technology[dead link]
  16. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1981–2010". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
  17. ^ "خراسان رضوی". ایسنا (in Persian). Retrieved 20 March 2022.
  18. ^ "Distance from Sabzevar to Qūchān - Route from Sabzevar to Qūchān". Retrieved 20 March 2022.
  19. ^ "Sabzevar Airports". Retrieved 20 March 2022.

External links[edit]

Media related to Sabzevar at Wikimedia Commons