Sachal Sarmast

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Sachal Sar Mast)
Jump to: navigation, search
Hazrat Sachal Sarmast r.a
Hazrat Sachal Sarmast.JPG
Born 1739 CE
Daraza, Khairpur Mirs
Died 1827 CE
Era Classical/ Talpur
Region Sindhi Sufi Poet
School Islamic Sufism
Main interests
lyric poetry
Notable ideas
Sufi poetry, Sufi philosophy, and Sufi music

Sachal Sarmast (1739–1827) (Sindhi: سچلُ سرمستُ‎, Urdu: سچل سرمست‎) was a Sufi poet from Sindh, Pakistan.

He wrote poetry in 7 languages, most prominently in Sindhi,[1] during the Kalhoro/Talpur era of Sindh. He was born in Daraza, near Ranipur, Sindh.[2] His real name was Abdul Wahab Farouqi; he was also nicknamed "Sachal" or "Sachoo". He used this pen-name in his poetry: Sachu means 'truthful' - while in Sindhi Sarmast means 'ecstatic' in Sindhi and Urdu alike. Sachal Sarmast literally means 'truthful mystic' or can be translated as "Ecstatic Saint of Truth".

Sachal's father Mian Salahuddin died when he was a child. He was later raised by his uncle, Pir Khawaja Abdul Haq I, who also became his spiritual master. He married his uncle's daughter, but the young woman died two years later. He never remarried. It is said that he never left Daraza, which was state by then.

Sachal's poetical works are sung by local singers in Sindhi and Saraiki; his shrine is in the village Daraza, near Ranipur, Khairpur District, Sindh, Pakistan.

View of Sachal Sarmat shrine.JPG
Life Sketch of Hazrat Sachal Sarmast in Sindhi standing at the entrance of Shrine

Sachal Sarmast was an ardent follower of Wahdat-ul-Wujood (unity of existence), an Islamic Philosophy synonymous with Hamah Oost (all from One). Sachal says (translation by Gul Agha):


The first compendium of Sachal's poetry was by Agha Sufi. First published in 1933 in Shikarpur, Sindh, it included Sachal's biography and a critical analysis of his philosophy and poetry. The introductory chapters provide a comparative analysis of the poetry of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai and Sachal Sarmast, an introduction to Sufism and Vedanta (Chapter I), a biography of Sachal (Chapter II), and an explanation of the melodic modes or Raga (called "Sura" in Sindhi) that are used in Sachal's poetry (Chapter III).[3] This is followed by a collection of Sachal's poems (Chapter IV) and a glossary and interpretation (Chapter V). [4]

Shrine of Hazrat Sachal Sarmast


  1. ^ Aslam Rasoolpuri, Sachal Sarmast, Bazm e Saqafat Publications Multan
  2. ^ Shameen Khan (August 21, 2014). "The enchanting beauty of Sachal Sarmast's shrine". DAWN. Retrieved 16 November 2015. 
  3. ^ Agha Sufi, Sachal Sarmast (Chapters I-III), pub. Shikarpur Sindh, 1933
  4. ^ Agha Sufi, Sachal Sarmast (Chapters IV-V), pub. Shikarpur Sindh, 1933.
  • "The Rise, Growth And Decline of Indo-Persian Literature" by R M Chopra, 2nd Edition 2013, published by Iran Culture House, New Delhi and Iran Society, Kolkata.

External links[edit]