Sackville Carden

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Sir Sackville Carden
Sir Sackville Carden.jpg
Admiral Sir Sackville Carden in 1918
Born (1857-05-03)3 May 1857
Templemore, Ireland
Died 6 May 1930(1930-05-06) (aged 73)
Lymington, England
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch Royal Navy
Years of service 1870–1917
Rank Admiral
Commands held Eastern Mediterranean Squadron
Malta Dockyard
HMS Immortalité
Battles/wars Anglo-Egyptian War
Mahdist War
Benin Expedition of 1897
First World War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George

Admiral Sir Sackville Hamilton Carden, KCMG (3 May 1857 – 6 May 1930) was a senior Royal Navy officer of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In cooperation with the French Navy, he commanded British naval forces in the Mediterranean Sea during the First World War.

Early life[edit]

Carden was born in Barnane near Templemore in County Tipperary, Ireland, the third son of Andrew Carden and Anne Berkeley.[1] Although both his father and grandfather had served in the British Army, he elected for a naval career and joined the Royal Navy in 1870.[1]

Military career[edit]

Carden's early career was marked by service in Egypt and the Sudan and later, under Harry Rawson, in the Benin Expedition of 1897.[1] He was promoted to captain in December 1899,[2] and in May 1901 was commissioned in command of HMS Immortalité, seagoing tender to the Wildfire, flagship at Sheerness.[3] In 1908, he was promoted rear admiral.[1] After two years on half-pay, he was assigned to the Atlantic Fleet, and raised his flag aboard HMS London for one year. Following his return to London, he was posted to the Admiralty until August 1912, at which point he was appointed Admiral Superintendent of Malta Dockyard.[1]

In September 1914, he was appointed Commander of the British Squadron operating in the Mediterranean,[4] under the leadership of a French admiral.[1] Following the Ottoman Empire's entry into the war on the side of the Central Powers in November 1914, Carden was asked by the British Admiralty to develop a strategy to force open the Dardanelles (Canakkale Bogazi) in January of the following year. Carden's plan called for the systematic destruction of Turkish fortifications along the Dardanelles while advancing slowly up the strait, in addition to extensive minesweeping operations.[1] Initially commander-in-chief of British naval forces during the Dardanelles campaign, Carden was successful in early offensives against Turkish defences from 19 February until early March, when he was relieved of command due his failing health,[5] and was replaced by Admiral John de Robeck.[1]

Resigning from the Royal Navy two years later with the rank of admiral, Carden lived in retirement until his death in 1930.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, online edition, accessed 25 Aug 2007
  2. ^ "No. 27150". The London Gazette. 2 January 1900. p. 3. 
  3. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36461). London. 22 May 1901. p. 10. 
  4. ^ Biography of Sackville Carden at First World War.com
  5. ^ Nervous breakdown – Magnus, Philip, Kitchener: Portrait of an Imperialist p.326, John Murray Publishers Ltd (1958)

References[edit]

  • Callwell, C. E., The Dardanelles. Boston, 1919.
  • Corbett, Sir Julian S., Naval Operations. London, 1924.
  • Bunbury, Turtle, The Glorious Madness, Tales of The Irish and The Great War,
    Sackville Carden and the Naval Attack on the Dardanelles, pp.144–55, Gill & Macmillan, Dublin 12 (2014) ISBN 978 0717 16234 5

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Ernest Simons
Admiral Superintendent, Malta Dockyard
1912–1914
Succeeded by
Arthur Limpus