Sacramento Police Department
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|Sacramento Police Department|
Patch of the SPD
|Annual budget||$130 million (2010)|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||City of Sacramento in the state of California, United States|
|Size||99.4 sq mi (257 km2)|
|Legal jurisdiction||City of Sacramento, CA|
|Governing body||Sacramento City Council|
|Headquarters||5770 Freeport Blvd
|Agency executive||Samuel D. Somers Jr., Chief|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction. See the reference below for the source of the above data.|
- 1 History
- 2 Organization
- 2.1 Office of the Chief
- 2.2 Office of Operations
- 2.2.1 Patrol Division
- 2.2.2 Metro Division
- 2.3 Office of Investigations
- 2.4 Office of Public Safety Information Technology
- 2.5 Office of Emergency Services and Homeland Security
- 3 Rank structure
- 4 Facilities
- 4.1 Chief Jack P. Kearns Police Headquarters (Public Safety Center)
- 4.2 William J Kinney Police Facility (North Station)
- 4.3 300 Richards Facility (Central Station)
- 4.4 Joseph E Rooney Police Facility (South Station)
- 4.5 Communications Center
- 4.6 Police Academy/In-Service Training Facility (McClellan Park)
- 5 Personnel killed in the line of duty
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The founding of the City of Sacramento was a turbulent one - a beginning when life was cheap, the stakes were high and a large percentage of the population acted with the philosophy "it was every man for himself."
By 1849, Sacramento had grown rapidly from a small settlement at Sutter's Fort to a town of 10,000 people. The discovery of gold had brought people from all walks of life together. Sacramento had all the problems of a Wild West town. There were murders, robberies, shootings, and various other crimes committed in the city. In the summer of 1849, the city experienced its first lynching when a gambler named Roe was convicted by a citizens' committee and hanged for murder. On August 1, 1849, the City of Sacramento was founded when the first meeting of a Common Council was held. At that time, the City boundaries were north to the American river, east to 31st Street, south to Y Street and west to the Sacramento River, encompassing 4.5 square miles. N. C. Cunningham was appointed as the first City Marshall (the position now known as Chief of Police) and was given two deputies to enforce the law.
The city did not have a building for a police station or jail, so in May 1850, the ship, LaGrange, was moored at the foot of H Street on the river and officially became the police station and jail boat.
As a result of the Gold Rush in 1852, Sacramento had grown in size until the population had reached 150,000 persons. The Police Department was also increased to six men. In addition to normal police duties, these six officers had to deal with the first Chinese Tong War to ever occur outside of China. Also, the most ambitious murder plot ever recorded in the West occurred during this period. Three men, one of them the Public Administrator, plotted to kill 55 leading wealthy Sacramentans for their money. Fortunately, the Police Department identified the murderers and arrested two of them after the first killing. Both men were subsequently convicted and hanged for their crime.
The Police Department grew slowly from 1849 to 1913 when it had 36 officers. The men of the Department patrolled the city on foot and on bicycles. The Department had two bicycles at that time. A typical bicycle beat covered about one half of the entire city, or about 200 square blocks. In those years, the Department did not have radio equipment. Communication between the Police Station and the beat officers was accomplished by telephones located in specially designated "call boxes" distributed throughout the city for this purpose.
Modern police history, as we now know it, began in 1917. The city's population had declined to just 90,000 people after the Gold Rush boom, but the Department now totaled 100 men. During this period, other changes were made: the Department moved into the new Hall of Justice building at 6th and I Streets; the use of modern, fast automobiles had been incorporated as a new tool in police work; the Department had developed an experienced, well-trained detective bureau and possessed one of the finest fingerprint bureaus in the country. At this point, police operations had begun to enter fields of specialization.
The Department may be larger now and uses newer and more scientific methods in fighting and solving crimes, but the men and women of the Department are still dedicated to the same goal as the first three officers were in 1848; still providing the best police services possible to the citizens of Sacramento.
Whether by patrol car, motorcycle, bicycle, mounted horse, or helicopter, the men and women of the Sacramento Police Department serve with honor while striving to work in partnership with the community to fulfill the Department's vision of Community-Oriented Policing.
Office of the Chief
- Intergovernmental & Legislative Affairs
- Internal Affairs Division & Professional Standards Unit
- Media & Public Relations Unit
Office of Operations
The city of Sacramento is divided into six patrol districts which each district divided into three beats. Listed below are the Districts and the neighborhoods they include.
District One (Northwest)
- Beat A - North Natomas
- Beat B - South Natomas
- Beat C - Northgate
District Two (Northeast)
- Beat A - Robla/Del Paso Heights
- Beat B - Hagginwood
- Beat C - Arden/Old North Sac
District Three (Central)
- Beat A - Downtown
- Beat B - Midtown
- Beat C - CSUS/East Sac
District Four (Southwest)
District Five (South)
- Beat A - Meadowview
- Beat B - Parkway
- Beat C - Valley Hi/North Laguna
District Six (East)
- Beat A - Oak Park
- Beat B - Tahoe Park/Tallac Village
- Beat C - South East/Glen Elder/Fruitridge
The Metro Division provides specialized resources city-wide to both the Patrol Division and the Office of Investigations. Commanded by a captain, Metro is divided into three operational sections, each led by a police lieutenant, as well as an administrative support team.
- Hostage Negotiations Team (HNT)
- Licensing and Permits
Regional Transit Police Services Section
- Mission and Information
- Juvenile Intervention
- Patrol Services
- Transit Crime Response Team (TCRT)
Special Operations Section
- Alarm Operations Unit
- Canine Unit
- Parole Intervention Team (PIT)
- Reserve Officers/Special Events/Supplemental Employment Unit
- Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) Teams (2)
Traffic / Air Operations Section
- Air Support Unit
- Alcoholic Beverage Liaison & Compliance
- Court Liaison Unit
- Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) Unit
- Major Collisions Investigations Unit
- Traffic Unit (2 Enforcement, 1 POP)
Office of Investigations
Office of Public Safety Information Technology
Office of Emergency Services and Homeland Security
Chief Jack P. Kearns Police Headquarters (Public Safety Center)
William J Kinney Police Facility (North Station)
300 Richards Facility (Central Station)
Joseph E Rooney Police Facility (South Station)
This 28,000 sq. ft. state of the art facility serves as the primary answering point for emergency calls in the City of Sacramento. The Communications Division work groups are responsible for the answering, processing, and dispatching of emergency (911) and non-emergency phone calls. Ancillary duties include running a dispatch training & academy curriculum. The Communications Division holds the Peace Officer Standards and Training (P.O.S.T.) certificates for training in our region for the Dispatcher Basic Course as well as the Communications Training Officer Course.
2010 statistics include the following:
688,110 total incoming and outgoing phone calls;
181,140 9-1-1 calls; and,
256,574 7-digit emergency and non-emergency calls.
Police Academy/In-Service Training Facility (McClellan Park)
Personnel killed in the line of duty
Since the establishment of the Sacramento Police Department, 16 officers have been recognized as deaths in the line of duty.
Chief of Police Erskine G. Fish was remembered by the radio series Dragnet, in the end of the 9th episode, aired on August 4th 1949.
- List of law enforcement agencies in California
- Sacramento Police Officers Association
- Sacramento County Sheriff's Department