Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George
|Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George|
|Cross of the order|
|Royal house||House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies|
|Religious affiliation||Roman Catholic|
|Motto||In hoc signo vinces|
|First Grand Master||Angeli Comneni family|
|Next (higher)||Order of Saint Januarius|
|Next (lower)||Order of Saint Ferdinand and of Merit|
|Ribbon of the order|
The Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George (Italian: Sacro militare ordine costantiniano di San Giorgio) is a Roman Catholic dynastic order of knighthood founded 1520-1545 by two brothers belonging to the Angeli Comneni family, currently bestowed by the former royal House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies as heirs of the Farnese. It is not recognized by the Holy See which attributes no value whatever to its certificates of membership and insignia.[a]
In the 1990s, Anthony Bailey, a British publicist, was instrumental in "reviving" a branch of the Order that was led by a junior Prince of the Two Sicilies, Prince Carlo, Duke of Castro. In 2009 Bailey was appointed its magistral delegate, and the organization has awarded him other honors. He has been accused of obtaining an Antiguan knighthood in return for dispensing the Constantinian Order's own honours.
The Constantinian Order headed by HRH Prince Pedro, Duke of Calabria has no connection with that run in Great Britain by Anthony Bailey and has never engaged in "exchanges of decorations" with any representatives of any states.
The Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs included the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George in a 2014 listing of "foreign historical orders" whose civil and military awards the Spanish Crown authorized to be worn by Spanish citizens.[b]
In 2011, the Constantinian Order headed by the Duke of Castro, became one of the 3,536 non-governmental organizations to hold consultative status at the United Nations Economic and Social Council.
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- The Note of Clarification from the Secretariat of State reads in full: "In response to frequent requests for information concerning the recognition by the Holy See of Equestrian Orders dedicated to the saints or to holy places, the Secretariat of State considers it opportune to reiterate what has already been published, namely that, other than its own Equestrian Orders (the Supreme Order of Christ, the Order of the Golden Spur, the Pian Order, the Order of Saint Gregory the Great, and the Order of Pope Saint Sylvester), the Holy See recognizes and supports only the Sovereign Military Order of Malta–also known as the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta–and the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem. The Holy See foresees no additions or innovations in this regard. All other orders, whether of recent origin or mediaeval foundation, are not recognized by the Holy See. Furthermore, the Holy See does not guarantee their historical or juridical legitimacy, their ends or organizational structures. To avoid any possible doubts, even owing to illicit issuing of documents or the inappropriate use of sacred places, and to prevent the continuation of abuses which may result in harm to people of good faith, the Holy See confirms that it attributes absolutely no value whatsoever to certificates of membership or insignia issued by these groups, and it considers inappropriate the use of churches or chapels for their so-called "ceremonies of investiture".
- Spanish text: "Órdenes históricas extranjeras que, como la Soberana Orden Militar de San Juan de Jerusalén o de Malta, la Orden de Santo Sepulcro de Jerusalén, la Real Orden de San Genaro, o la Sagrada y Militar Orden Constantiniana de San Jorge, fueron tuteladas por la Corone de España o se hallen estrechamente vinculadas a su Historia, tal y come prevé en este sentido el Ministerio de Defensa en su Instrucción General 06/12 sobre autorización de uso de recompensas civiles y militares."
English translation: "foreign historical Orders like the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes of Malta, the Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem, the Royal Order of St Januarius or the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George, came under the protection of or were linked to the Crown and history of Spain, as set forth by the Ministry of Defence in its General Instruction 06/12, on permission to wear civil and military rewards."
- "Note of Clarification from the Secretariat of State" (Press release). Pontifical Council for Social Communication. 16 October 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
- Adernò, Fabio (22 October 2012). "La Santa Sede e gli Ordini Cavallereschi: doverosi chiarimenti (Seconda parte)". Zenit (in Italian). Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- Donovan, Ned; Gallagher, Ian (28 May 2016). "Queen's envoy 'Baroness Brazen' is entangled in honours scandal: Title given to Commonwealth chief's crony is 'reviewed' after she is accused of abusing the system". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
- Website of Constantinian Order, accessed 20 June 2016
- Gallagher, Ian; Donovan, Ned; Murphy, Simon (5 June 2016). "Baroness Brazen bought top Commonwealth job in 'utterly corrupt process': Former Labour Cabinet Minister accused of buying her position by giving bogus 'knighthoods' to five Caribbean leaders as MPs demand inquiry into bombshell claims.". Mail on Sunday. Retrieved 19 Jun 2016.
- Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y de Cooperación / Introductor de Embajadores / Orden Circular 4/2014 / Instrucciones sobre el uso de condecoraciones extranjeras por ciudadanos españoles / 28 de noviembre 2014.
- "Basic Facts about ECOSOC Status". United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, NGO Branch. csonet.org. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
Currently 3,536 NGOs enjoy consultative status with ECOSOC...as of November 2011....•In 2011-2012 some 600 organizations applied for consultative status. On average between 100 and 150 applications are recommended by the Committee in each of its two sessions per year
- List of non-governmental organizations in consultative status with the Economic and Social Council as of 1 September 2011 (PDF) (E/2011/INF/4 ed.). New York: United Nations, Economic and Social Council. 15 November 2011. p. 65. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
Sacro Militare Ordine Costantiniano di San Giorgio (2011)
- Royal Order of Francis I
- Order of Saint Ferdinand and of Merit
- Order of Saint George and Reunion
- Order of Saint Januarius
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