Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George

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Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George
Croix constantinien.svg
Cross of the order
Royal house House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Religious affiliation Roman Catholic
Ribbon Light blue
Motto In hoc signo vinces
First Grand Master Angeli Comneni family
Next (higher) Order of Saint Januarius
Next (lower) Order of Saint Ferdinand and of Merit
Sacro Militare Ordine Costantiniano di San Giorgio.png
Ribbon of the order
Knight, Knight Commander, Knight Grand Cross

The Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George (Italian: Sacro militare ordine costantiniano di San Giorgio) is a Roman Catholic dynastic order of knighthood founded 1520-1545 by two brothers belonging to the Angeli Comneni family,[citation needed] currently bestowed by the former royal House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. It is not recognized by the Holy See which attributes no value whatever to its certificates of membership and insignia.[1][2]

In the 1990s, Anthony Bailey (campaigner) was instrumental in "reviving" the Order.[3] In 2009 Bailey was appointed its magistral delegate, and the organization has awarded him other honors.[4] He has been accused of obtaining an Antiguan knighthood in return for dispensing the Constantinian Order's own honours.[5]

Badge and breast star of the order

In 2011, the Constantinian Order headed by the Duke of Castro, became one of the 3,536[6] non-governmental organizations to hold consultative status at the Economic and Social Council at the United Nations.[7][8]


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  1. ^ "Note of Clarification from the Secretariat of State". Pontifical Council for Social Communication. 16 October 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2012. Vatican City, (VIS) - In response to frequent requests for information concerning the recognition by the Holy See of Equestrian Orders dedicated to the saints or to holy places, the Secretariat of State considers it opportune to reiterate what has already been published, namely that, other than its own Equestrian Orders (the Supreme Order of Christ, the Order of the Golden Spur, the Pian Order, the Order of Saint Gregory the Great, and the Order of Pope Saint Sylvester), the Holy See recognizes and supports only the Sovereign Military Order of Malta - also known as the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta - and the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem. The Holy See foresees no additions or innovations in this regard. All other orders, whether of recent origin or mediaeval foundation, are not recognized by the Holy See. Furthermore, the Holy See does not guarantee their historical or juridical legitimacy, their ends or organizational structures. To avoid any possible doubts, even owing to illicit issuing of documents or the inappropriate use of sacred places, and to prevent the continuation of abuses which may result in harm to people of good faith, the Holy See confirms that it attributes absolutely no value whatsoever to certificates of membership or insignia issued by these groups, and it considers inappropriate the use of churches or chapels for their so-called "ceremonies of investiture". 
  2. ^
  3. ^ Donovan, Ned; Gallagher, Ian (28 May 2016). "Queen's envoy 'Baroness Brazen' is entangled in honours scandal: Title given to Commonwealth chief's crony is 'reviewed' after she is accused of abusing the system". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 9 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Website of Constantinian Order, accessed 20 June 2016
  5. ^ Baroness Brazen bought top Commonwealth job in 'utterly corrupt process': Former Labour Cabinet Minister accused of buying her position by giving bogus 'knighthoods' to five Caribbean leaders as MPs demand inquiry into bombshell claims. Ian Gallagher in Dominica and Ned Donovan and Simon Murphy in London for the Mail on Sunday. Published: 01:41, 5 June 2016 | Updated: 01:59, 5 June 2016. Access date 19 Jun 2016.
  6. ^ "Basic Facts about ECOSOC Status". United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, NGO Branch. Retrieved 27 November 2012. Currently 3,536 NGOs enjoy consultative status with of November 2011....•In 2011-2012 some 600 organizations applied for consultative status. On average between 100 and 150 applications are recommended by the Committee in each of its two sessions per year 
  7. ^ List of non-governmental organizations in consultative status with the Economic and Social Council as of 1 September 2011 (PDF) (E/2011/INF/4 ed.). New York: United Nations, Economic and Social Council. 15 November 2011. p. 65. Retrieved 27 November 2012. Sacro Militare Ordine Costantiniano di San Giorgio (2011) 
  8. ^

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