Sacro Cuore di Gesù a Castro Pretorio

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Church of Sacred Heart of Jesus at the Praetorian Barracks
Sacro Cuore di Gesù al Castro Pretorio (in Italian)
Sacratissimi Cordis Iesu ad Castrum Praetorium (in Latin)
Basil gesu-010.jpg
AffiliationRoman Catholic
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusParish church, Titular church, minor basilica
Year consecrated1887
LocationItaly Rome, Italy
Geographic coordinates41°54′10″N 12°30′9.5″E / 41.90278°N 12.502639°E / 41.90278; 12.502639Coordinates: 41°54′10″N 12°30′9.5″E / 41.90278°N 12.502639°E / 41.90278; 12.502639
Architect(s)Francesco Vespignani[1]
StyleRenaissance Revival
Length70 metres (230 ft)
Width30 metres (98 ft)
Width (nave)14 metres (46 ft)

Sacro Cuore di Gesú al Castro Pretorio (English: Sacred Heart of Jesus at the Praetorian Barracks) is a Roman Catholic parish and titular church in Rome, Italy.

It was built in 1887 by Conte Francesco Vespignani (1842-1899), the Architetto dei Sacri Palazzi of Leo XIII,[2] who also built the College of S. Anselmo on the Aventine Hill.[1] The imposing statue of the Redeemer atop the campanile was erected only in 1931. Dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, the church is served by the Salesian fathers. It has an adjoining boarding-school of arts and industries.

The church was elevated to the status of a minor basilica in 1921.[3]


The Church of Sacro Cuore was established as a Deaconry on 5 February 1965 by Pope Paul VI, in anticipation of his creating twenty-seven new cardinals on 28 February 1965.[4]



  1. ^ a b Touring Club Italiano 1999, pp. 547
  2. ^ He was also supernumerary Secret Chamberlain of the Cape and Sword: La Gerarchia cattolica, la Cappella e la Famiglia ponteficie, per l'anno 1888 (Roma: Tipografia Vaticana, 1888) p. 541; p. 581.
  3. ^ "Basilicas in Italy". Retrieved 2010-12-31.
  4. ^ David M. Cheyney, Catholic-Hierarchy: Sacro Cuore di Gesù a Castro Pretorio. Retrieved: 2016-03-15.


  • Massimo Alemanno, Le chiese di Roma moderna Vol I (Roma : Armando, 2004). pp. 27–31.
  • Farnedi, Giustino (1999). Guida Alle Chiese Di Roma. Casale Monferrato: Piemme. ISBN 88-384-3087-X.
  • Touring Club Italiano (1999), "Il rione Castro Pretorio", Roma, S.L.: Touring Club Italiano, ISBN 88-365-1324-7

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